Appeal from Municipal Court of New York.
Action by Michael H. Moore, an infant, by Michael C. Moore, guardian ad litem, against the Coney Island & Brooklyn Railroad Company and another. From a judgment for plaintiff against defendant Long Island Railroad Company, it appeals. Affirmed.
In an action for injuries received in a collision between a street car on which plaintiff was riding and a dirt train, whether those operating that train were negligent held for the jury.
[117 N.Y.S. 605] Wm. C. Beecher, for appellant.
Leonard J. Reynolds (Frederick B. Bailey, on the brief), for respondent.
Argued before WOODWARD, JENKS, GAYNOR, RICH, and MILLER, JJ.
The appellant operates a steam railroad in the borough of Brooklyn, which crosses Coney Island avenue at grade. The defendant Coney Island & Brooklyn Railroad Company operates a trolley road through Coney Island avenue; its tracks crossing those of the appellant at grade. Approaching this crossing on the trolley road, a view of the steam road is cut off in places and obstructed at others by a high board fence along the tracks. At the time of the accident the plaintiff, an infant, accompanied by his mother and other members of the family, was a passenger upon one of the cars of the trolley company. A train of flat cars, loaded with dirt, was being backed toward the crossing on the tracks of the appellant as the trolley approached. A flagman at the intersection, having in his hands a red and a white flag, waved the red flag parallel with the tracks upon which the trolley was approaching and across the tracks of the steam road, and the car came to a full stop. He then dropped the red flag to his side, turned his back to the trolley car, and waved the white flag in a direction parallel to the tracks of the steam road and across the tracks of the trolley road. In the meantime the conductor of the [117 N.Y.S. 606] trolley car walked to the crossing and signaled his motorman to come ahead. After the car started, the conductor motioned for it to stop, and the flagman said: " For God's sake, keep back." The motorman, however, increased the speed of the car, and went upon the crossing, where it was struck by the dirt train, and the plaintiff received the injuries for which he has been permitted to recover. No evidence was given by the appellant. The trial court dismissed the complaint on the merits as against the trolley company, and rendered a judgment against the appellant, from which this appeal is taken.
It is first contended that there is no evidence establishing that the appellant operated the dirt train or the tracks upon which it was being run. The answer to this is that its answer admits that it maintained and operated a steam railroad in the borough of Brooklyn, which crossed Coney Island avenue, in said borough, at grade. There is evidence that no railroad in Brooklyn crosses Coney Island avenue except the one upon which the dirt train was being operated, which is sufficient to sustain the conclusion that the track upon which the dirt train was being operated was the track maintained and operated by the appellant. No presumption could obtain that any other railroad company ran its cars over the appellant's tracks. The presumption is to the contrary, and it was not incumbent upon the plaintiff to show that the dirt train was owned or operated by the appellant. Jennings v. Brooklyn Heights R. R. Co., 121 A.D. 587, 106 N.Y.Supp. 279.
It is next contended that there is no evidence to show that the flagman stationed at the crossing was in the employ of the appellant, or to charge it with his acts or omissions. Conceding this, the fact remains that the dirt train approached the crossing, hidden from view by fences, at a fast rate of speed, and without signals by whistle or bell. Under the authority of Robson v. Nassau Electric R. R. Co., 80 A.D. 301, 80 N.Y.Supp. 698, this raised a question of fact as to the negligence of those operating it. I think there is sufficient evidence upon this question to sustain the judgment. Conceding that the evidence was sufficient to warrant a finding of negligence on the part of the employés of the trolley company, this does not relieve the appellant from the effect of its concurring negligence, or furnish a defense to the plaintiff's cause of action. The questions of the greater degree of negligence as between the defendants, or whether or not the trial court erred in dismissing the complaint as to the trolley company, are not before us, and cannot be considered.
The judgment of the Municipal Court must be affirmed, with costs.
JENKS and GAYNOR, JJ., concur. MILLER, J., reads for reversal, with whom WOODWARD, J., concurs.
MILLER, J. (dissenting).
This judgment should be reversed, because the credible evidence shows that the accident was not caused by the negligence of the appellant. The flagman at the crossing was waving a white flag across the tracks of the trolley road at the time the motorman started to cross the appellant's tracks. While we all know that that signal is commonly employed at railroad crossings to give warning of the approach of trains, some doubt seems to have been [117 N.Y.S. 607] created at the trial respecting the meaning of it; and it does not appear, except possibly by inference, whose servant the flagman was. However, it is undisputed that the trolley car was stopped at least 20 feet from the tracks of the steam road, and that the conductor went ahead to where he had a plain view of the appellant's tracks in both directions. The plaintiff's evidence is that he both signaled and called to the motorman to stay back. He and the motorman both testified that he gave the signal to go ahead. He had a plain view of the approaching train, and admits that he saw it about a block away. The obstructions of the view from the highway, therefore, had nothing to do with the accident, and no negligence can be attributed to the appellant from the fact that the train was backing eastward on the westbound track. It had the right to run its trains to suit its convenience, using, of course, the care required by the situation. The blowing of the whistle and the ringing of the bell could only have warned the conductor of what he saw-i. e., the presence of the train; and it is difficult to see, therefore, how the failure to ring the bell or blow the whistle caused the accident. Although the train went the distance of a block while the trolley car was going a little more than 20 feet, the conductor testified that he thought the train was standing still. Undoubtedly the fact was that he thought the trolley car had time to cross ahead of the train. At any rate, his statement that the train appeared to be ...