APPEAL by the defendant, The City of Utica, from a judgment of the Supreme Court in favor of the plaintiff, entered in the office of the clerk of the county of Oneida on the 19th day of May, 1910, upon the verdict of a jury for $500, and also from an order entered in said clerk's office on the 17th day of May, 1910, denying the defendant's motion for a new trial made upon the minutes.
The action was commenced on the 16th day of March, 1910, to recover damages for injuries alleged to have been sustained by the plaintiff solely through the negligence of the defendant.
William Townsend, Corporation Counsel, for the appellant.
Arthur J. Foley and Joseph Hopkins, for the respondent.
MCLENNAN, P. J.:
The accident which is the subject of this action occurred on the evening of August 1, 1909, at about nine o'clock. The plaintiff,
with her little daughter, was walking southerly on the sidewalk on the west side of Second street, in the city of Utica, and when within about fifty-two feet of the northerly junction of Second street with Blandina street she stepped into a hole at the easterly edge of such sidewalk and was injured. Concededly, there was a hole in the walk where she fell caused by the removal of a piece of flagging. The walk at the point where the plaintiff fell was made of stone flagging. It was eight feet wide and was perfect in all respects, except for the imperfection which it is claimed constituted actionable negligence on the part of the defendant. The hole existed by reason of the fact that a piece of the flagging on the extreme outside of the walk nearest the street had been broken and removed, leaving a space about two feet wide on the east, street side, and extending about two feet into the paved walk on the north side, the size and shape of the displacement being that of a right-angled triangle, of which the base and sides were about two feet in length.
One of the plaintiff's witnesses describes the hole or depression in the walk as follows: 'I made an examination of the hole in the sidewalk at that time. * * * It was on the outside of the walk, almost opposite the saloon door. * * * I should imagine the hole on top was about two feet. It was about two feet on one side, and ended up in a little angle. It was down below the stone maybe an inch; I would not say any more than an inch. In the center it was deeper than at the edges. Around the edge of the hole it was just the depth of the stone, and then it sagged down into the center. The hole was down from the top of the flag between two and three inches in the center. The hole was about two feet wide, and then it sloped over toward the corner. It edged over so there was nothing left afterward. * * * It was triangular. The point of the triangle was toward the center of the walk. The bottom of the triangle at the edge was about two feet long. It went about two feet into the walk. At the edges the depth was just about the depth of the stone, and they sloped in. On the sides I figure it was about two inches. * * * In the center * * * the dirt was out there about an inch or an inch and a quarter.'
Another witness called by the plaintiff testified: 'The way we looked at it that night I should judge it was an inch all the way
around the edge of the stone. The dirt was gone from it, and it sloped right down to the center. It was much deeper in the center than it was around the edges here, so that it was just the depth of the stone, and then an inch below that. I should judge the stone was about two inches deep. So that around the edges of the hole was about three inches, and in toward the center it got deeper. I should say in the center it was about four inches. That is what we figured on that night.'
Other witnesses described the hole or defect in the walk, but the evidence quoted fairly represents what the jury might have found as to the situation as it existed.
The question presented by this appeal is: Was it competent for the jury to determine that the defendant was guilty of negligence by permitting this defect at the outer edge of the sidewalk of the character in question to exist? There can be no doubt upon the evidence as to the condition of the walk. A piece of a flagstone composing the walk had been broken out and removed. Such flagstone was about an inch thick and about two feet in width, and having been removed while the edge of the hole caused by such removal was practically only an inch in thickness by the wearing away of the earth beneath where such flagstone had been, the depth of the hole came to be between three and four inches. There is no question but that the defendant knew ...