MCWALTER B. SUTTON, Appellant,
JOSEPHINE LESLIE SUTTON, Respondent.
APPEAL by the plaintiff, McWalter B. Sutton, from an order of the Supreme Court, made at the New York Special Term, bearing date the 20th day of March, 1911, and entered in the office of the clerk of the county of New York, granting the defendant's motion to punish the plaintiff for a contempt of court.
Max Brown, for the appellant.
Abraham C. Cohen, for the respondent.
This is an appeal from an order fining the plaintiff for his contempt in having failed to pay the accumulations of alimony due under an order directing such payment. The action is for the annulment of a marriage, and the application to enforce payment of the alimony was consequently properly made under section 753 of the Judiciary Law (Consol. Laws, chap. 30; Laws of 1909, chap. 35; formerly Code Civ. Proc. § 14), instead of under section 1773 of the Code of Civil Procedure, which applies only to actions for a divorce or for a separation. But even under section 753 of the Judiciary Law to bring a party into contempt for disobedience of an order or judgment requiring the payment of money it is not sufficient that the order or judgment be served upon him, and he be made fully acquainted with its effect; but in addition thereto a compliance with the order or judgment must be explicitly demanded by a party who has the right to make such demand. (Lorton v. Seaman, 9 Paige, 609; McComb v. Weaver, 11 Hun, 271; Matter of Ockershausen, 59 id. 200.) In the present case the order for alimony required plaintiff to pay ten dollars per week to defendant at the office of her then present attorney, or of any other attorney who might appear for her. It is to be noted that while the order designated the attorney's office as the place of payment, the alimony was required to be paid not to the attorney but to the defendant. Hence, not only had the attorney no right to demand that the alimony should be paid to him, but a payment to the attorney would not be a compliance with the order, nor would the attorney's receipt be an acquittance to plaintiff if the defendant should afterwards demand that he
pay the same alimony to her. The only demand served on plaintiff (if indeed it was served) was signed by an attorney who described himself as attorney for the defendant, but was not the same attorney who represented defendant when the order for alimony was made. It appears by his affidavit that he had been substituted for the former attorney, but it does not appear that that fact had been communicated to plaintiff. The notice, signed by the substituted attorney, called upon plaintiff to 'pay to the undersigned at his office' the amount of alimony which had accrued. As has already been said this is not what the order required. That this demand was not authorized by defendant, and that plaintiff if he had gone to the attorney's office could not have complied with the order by paying alimony to the defendant, is amply shown by the attorney's own affidavit, wherein he swears that he 'does not know her whereabouts at present.' The plaintiff, therefore, has not been served with a demand by a party who has a right to make such a demand, and he has not, therefore, been put in contempt.
The order appealed from must be reversed and the motion denied, without costs.
MCLAUGHLIN and CLARKE, JJ., concurred; INGRAHAM, P. J., and LAUGHLIN, J., dissented.
LAUGHLIN, J. (dissenting):
I am of opinion that the plaintiff was duly adjudged in contempt of court for failing to pay alimony, and that the order should be affirmed. The action is by the husband for the annulment of his marriage to the defendant. Counsel for the appellant does not specifically contend that it is not competent for the court in such an action to award alimony pendente lite, and that question is no longer open, for it has long since been set at rest and the authority therefor sustained by the Court of Appeals (Griffin v. Griffin, 47 N.Y. 134; Higgins v. Sharp, 164 id. 4; Jones v. Brinsmade, 183 id. 258); but he does contend that the motion was made pursuant to the provisions of section 1773 of the Code of Civil Procedure, which applies only to actions for divorce and separation. In other words, the contention is that the authority of the court to award alimony in such cases is not statutory, and that the mere fact that the
moving papers indicate that the motion was based on said section 1773 was sufficient to deprive the court of jurisdiction to punish for contempt under the general provisions of subdivision 3 of section 14 of the Code of Civil Procedure, which were re-enacted by subdivision 3 of section 753 of the Judiciary Law (Consol. Laws, chap. 30; Laws of 1909, chap. 35). I do not agree with this contention, and am of opinion that the moving papers show a sufficient basis ...