MATHILDE F. WAGNER, as Administratrix, etc., of THEODORE WAGNER, Deceased, Respondent,
H. CLAUSEN & SON BREWING COMPANY, Appellant.
APPEAL by the defendant, H. Clausen & Son Brewing Company, from a judgment of the Supreme Court in favor of the plaintiff, entered in the office of the clerk of the county of New York on the 17th day of December, 1910, upon the verdict of a jury for $5,000, which was reduced by stipulation to $3,000, and also from an order entered in said clerk's office on the 23d day of December, 1910, denying the defendant's motion for a new trial made upon the minutes.
E. Clyde Sherwood of counsel [Joseph F. Murray with him on the brief], Amos H. Stephens, attorney, for the appellant.
Robert D. Ireland, for the respondent.
Plaintiff's intestate while crossing One Hundred and Thirty-fifth street, going south, on the easterly side of Third avenue, in the borough of the Bronx, on November 26, 1907, was run down by a brewery wagon belonging to the defendant, in charge of one of its drivers. One of the front wheels of the wagon passed over decedent's left leg, crushing it so severely that it had to be amputated. He died on the twenty-ninth.
Questions of fact, both as to the negligence of the defendant and the want of contributory negligence of decedent, were presented by the evidence which required submission to the jury, and we would not set aside the verdict as against the evidence or the weight thereof. The jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff for $5,000, which was reduced by the trial justice to $3,000 upon the stipulation of the plaintiff consenting thereto. The plaintiff's intestate was at the time of his death seventy-two years of age. He left two daughters and a married son, all over twenty-one years of age. He was not engaged in any business and was in receipt of a pension of $25 a month, which ceased at his death. One of the questions raised upon this appeal is that the verdict was excessive.
Section 1904 of the Code of Civil Procedure provides that 'The damages awarded to the plaintiff may be such a sum as the jury * * * deems to be a fair and just compensation for the pecuniary injuries, resulting from the decedent's death, to the person or persons for whose benefit the action is brought.'
The learned trial court in the main charge properly instructed the jury as follows: 'In considering or in assessing the damages, if any, you are limited in making an award to the actual pecuniary loss which, in your judgment, the next of kin in this case, being the son and two daughters, of the decedent have sustained in consequence of his death. You must not in awarding damages be governed by any sympathy for the next of kin or consider the mental anguish of the members of the family on account of the death. In actions for death like this it is the fixed rule of law that if the defendant company is answerable for the death it is only liable for reasonable pecuniary compensation for what the person or persons, for whose benefit the action is brought, lost through the
death of the deceased. Nothing must be awarded to the plaintiff by way of punishment or smart money against the defendant company. Only reasonable compensation for the actual pecuniary loss sustained is allowable. In other words, the damage must only be compensatory and not punitive. The jury may take into consideration the age, character, condition in life and earning capacity of the deceased at or about the time of his death, and also the age, sex and condition of the next of kin for whose benefit the action is brought. In this case the proof shows that the deceased was seventy-two years old when he died and that he was engaged in no vocation yielding pecuniary compensation at the time. It is in evidence that he was receiving a pension of $25 a month from the United States Government as a veteran soldier, which ceased at his demise; that one daughter earned $18 a week and another daughter was afflicted with a tubercular ailment, remained home and did not earn anything; and that another child was an adult son, who was married and living in the west. There is no proof as to whether either of the two daughters or the son are possessed of any property or not, nothing having been adduced to show their financial condition of affairs. Now, on this question of damages, gentlemen of the jury, you are the sole judges. Of course, you must not conjecture or speculate upon the amount. You must consider the facts, circumstances and evidence in the case alone and only award such pecuniary compensation which you believe these people lost because of the negligence of the defendant without any carelessness on the part of their deceased father. * * * [ Counsel for defendant]: I ask your honor to charge the jury that in order to find any damages at all against this defendant, or bring in any verdict in favor of the plaintiff in any sum whatsoever, there must be evidence from which they are satisfied that Theodore Wagner at the time of his death contributed money to the support of either one or more of the next of kin. The Court: I decline to charge in the particular words requested and except as charged on the question of damages. [ Counsel for defendant]: I take an exception to the refusal of the Court to charge as requested. I ask your honor further to charge the jury that there is no evidence before them of any part of the pension money alleged to have
been received by Theodore Wagner in his lifetime going to the support of one or more of the next of kin. The Court: I do charge that. There is no proof to that effect.'
Whereupon, counsel for the plaintiff apparently not satisfied, said: 'I request your honor to charge the jury that they are not confined to giving nominal damages, but that they may take into consideration all the elements of damage proved and award such a sum as would in their judgment compensate the next of kin for the death of Mr. Wagner. The Court: Pecuniarily compensate them for the loss that they sustained by reason of the death of the deceased. With that qualification I charge it. [ Counsel for defendant]: I take an exception to that part of the charge which states in words or in substance that they are not permitted to award nominal damages. The Court: I did not say permitted. That they are not limited, not that they are not permitted. That they are not limited to awarding nominal damages only. [ Counsel for defendant]: In that connection I ask your honor to charge that if the jury in their opinion come to the conclusion from the evidence that the next of ...