JANE A. COOPER, as Administratrix, etc., of JOSEPH COOPER, Deceased, Appellant,
FIDELITY DEVELOPMENT COMPANY and BRONX GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY, Respondents.
APPEAL by the plaintiff, Jane A. Cooper, as administratrix, etc., from two judgments of the Supreme Court, one in favor of the defendant Fidelity Development Company, entered in the office of the clerk of the county of New York on the 24th day of March, 1911, and the other in favor of the defendant Bronx Gas and Electric Company, entered on the 4th day of April, 1911, upon the dismissal of the complaint by direction of the court on the plaintiff's opening as to both defendants on a trial at the New York Trial Term.
William R. Hill, for the appellant.
John D. Fearhake, for the respondent Fidelity Development Company.
John Vernou Bouvier, Jr., for the respondent Bronx Gas and Electric Company.
INGRAHAM, P. J.:
We all agree in the affirmance of this dismissal as to the Bronx Gas and Electric Company. I think there was a cause of action in the complaint as against the Fidelity Development Company.
It was alleged in the complaint that the plaintiff's intestate was at the time of his death in the employ of the Fidelity Development Company as a driver of a two-horse wagon; that the gas company was in possession of certain real property situated in the city of New York, upon which there was constructed a large iron tank about ten feet from the ground, which contained about 7,000 gallons of oil which was highly explosive, which fact was known to the Fidelity Development Company; that on or about the 26th of September, 1907, the development company purchased the oil in the said tank from the gas company, and the gas company permitted the development company and the deceased to enter upon its property for the purpose of removing the said oil; that the defendants had knowledge that the said deceased had no experience in handling oil and no knowledge of its explosive qualities; that the defendants failed to instruct the said deceased as to the dangerous and explosive qualities of the said oil, and failed to instruct him as to the proper and careful manner of handling said oil and permitted him to handle the said oil at night without such instructions; that the development company directed the deceased to pump the oil contained in the said tank from the tank to its wagon, and then to cart it away and sprinkle the roads thereabouts with the oil, and to continue so to do during the night of September 26, 1907, and furnished him an iron suction pump with which to pump said oil; that on the evening of the said 26th day of September, 1907, by reason of the handling of said oil, an explosion occurred by reason of which the said Joseph Cooper was killed; that the said deceased lost his life through no negligence or fault on his part, but solely by reason of the negligence of the defendants and each of them, and also by reason of the failure of the defendant the Fidelity Development Company to provide him with a safe place to work. The answer of the development company admits that it failed to instruct the deceased as to the dangerous and explosive qualities of the contents of said tank, or as to the proper and careful manner of handling said oil.
When the case came on for trial, counsel for the plaintiff opened his case to the jury. From that opening it appeared that the development company purchased the oil from the gas
company; that the gas company's superintendent, one Butler, went to the tank with a representative of the development company, and the deceased was at that time on the premises. The deceased and another man were told to pump the oil out of this tank by means of a pump that was supplied by the development company. Butler, the representative of the gas company, was there until the deceased and his fellow-workman rigged up the pump, and then Butler left. Butler said in the presence of the deceased and his fellow-workman that it was all right, but that they must not smoke around the tank; that these men continued to work and pump this oil out of the tank up to about eleven o'clock at night; the yard was dark and there was no light there; that these men had a lantern which they had used from the time it became dark until about eleven o'clock, when the tank exploded; that the deceased and his fellow-workman were directed to work until they had pumped all the oil out of the tank. Cooper and his fellow-workman were both killed by the explosion. About a half hour before the accident some men were sent down to take food to the men at work, and while Cooper and the other workman were eating this food they pumped the oil. Cooper and his associate cautioned these men while at work not to smoke around the tank. About a half hour after these men left the explosion occurred.
It is not alleged in the complaint nor was it stated in the opening that Butler, the representative of the gas company, had anything to do with the two men at work except to be present when the cover of the tank was removed to enable the oil to be pumped out. He had no knowledge that the men were instructed to work at night or after it became so dark that artificial light had to be provided for their work. He cautioned them against smoking around the tank, and so far as appears this caution was sufficient unless the men had to work after dark. He was justified in assuming that the employers of these men would give them the necessary instructions to protect them from injury while at work at the tank and there was no duty imposed upon the gas company or its ...