GEORGE W. COLE and WILLIAM WOOP, Copartners, Trading as COLE AND WOOP, Respondents,
CHARLES B. MANVILLE, Appellant.
APPEAL by the defendant, Charles B. Manville, from a judgment of the Supreme Court in favor of the plaintiffs, entered in the office of the clerk of the county of New York on the 20th day of May, 1911, upon the verdict of a jury, and also from an order entered in said clerk's office on the 23d day of May, 1911, as resettled by an order entered on the 8th day of June, 1911, denying the defendant's motion for a new trial made upon the minutes.
Burt D. Whedon, for the appellant.
Malcolm Sundheimer [A. Maurice Levine with him on the brief], for the respondents.
The plaintiffs have recovered on a contract whereby they agreed to make and deliver to the Milwaukee Auto Engine and Supply Company at Milwaukee, Wis., for the defendant an automobile body for a chassis which said company was making for him. There is some conflict in the evidence with respect to the description of the automobile body which the plaintiffs were to make for the defendant, but a letter written by the plaintiffs to the Milwaukee company under date of March 16, 1909, shows that it was to be made according to a pencil sketch
made by the plaintiffs for the defendant and a blue print drawing of the chassis made by the Milwaukee company, which was delivered to them by the defendant, and in the letter, which was written in reply to a letter from the Milwaukee company asking for a drawing with measurements of the body to be made by the plaintiffs and by which the plaintiffs were expressly informed that there must be an unobstructed space of three inches all over between the bottom floor of the tonneau and the frame of the chassis, and particularly requested that the front end of the body be made according to measurements, as shown on a sketch which they inclosed, so that they could 'give the front part the same shape on chassis,' the plaintiffs informed the Milwaukee company that they had followed the blue print in making the body, and that, if the blue print was correct, 'You will have no trouble with this body when you come to put it on your chassis.' The blue print plainly showed that the body of the automobile was to commence on the front line of the front seat and extend back therefrom, and that the extension of the body from that point forward, known as the gunstocks or body extension, was on the chassis and part of it, and also showed an unobstructed space of three inches between the floor of the body or tonneau and the frame of the chassis, and one of the pencil sketches made by the plaintiffs showed the same. The plaintiffs, in accordance with the Milwaukee company's request in said letter, sent two sketches of the body which they were to make. One of these was of the front end, and by its measurements and form indicated to the Milwaukee company that the plaintiffs understood that the body extension or gunstocks was to be on the chassis, but it indicated a departure from the blue print in that it showed that the body of the car ended not at a perpendicular line at the front of the driver's seat but fifteen inches forward of that point. The Milwaukee company, by letter to plaintiffs under date of March 19, 1909, accepted this departure from its blue print and notified plaintiffs that it would construct the body extension to conform with the change and not according to the blue print. Neither of the sketches showed the dimensions of the moldings on the sides of the body. The superintendent and general manager of the Milwaukee company wrote on the sketch of the front end
the dimensions of the molding seven-eighths by three-eighths, to correspond with the molding which was to be on the chassis, and also made a drawing on the sketch of the body extension and wrote on it: 'This part is on chassis and made of aluminum,' and then returned the sketches to the plaintiffs. It appears that on these sketches being returned to the plaintiffs, the one on which the changes were made was marked, evidently for the guidance of plaintiffs' workmen: 'Make this to below sketch.'
The evidence introduced on the part of the plaintiffs tended to show that the defendant gave them the order for the body shortly before Christmas in the year 1908, and that on the part of the defendant tended to show that the order was not given until the 3d day of February, 1909. It is fairly to be inferred from the evidence that at the time the plaintiffs received this letter from the Milwaukee company inclosing the sketch, they had commenced to make the automobile body, and it was completed and shipped to Milwaukee on the eighth day of May thereafter. One of the plaintiffs testified that the body shipped by the plaintiffs did not contain a body extension or gunstocks and complied with the blue print and plaintiffs' sketches as amended, but his testimony shows that he did not claim that the three-inch space existed as the floor was placed, and plaintiffs' automobile body builder, who built this body and who was called by the plaintiffs, testified generally that the automobile body shipped by plaintiffs was made according to the blue print and sketches made by the plaintiffs based thereon, containing some alterations which were accepted by the Milwaukee company, as already stated, and some alterations made on the sketches by the Milwaukee company which were apparently accepted by plaintiffs; but on being particularly interrogated with respect to whether it contained a body extension, or gunstocks, he said that he could not tell whether he put the gunstocks on or not. Other testimony, however, given by witnesses called on the part of the plaintiffs tended to show that the three-inch space was not left and that the gunstocks were on the body; and the superintendent and general manager of the Milwaukee company, who received and examined the body shipped by plaintiffs, testified positively that the gunstocks
were on it, and his company so notified the plaintiffs, as did the defendant also. The evidence also shows that the body shipped left a space of from one inch to one inch and three-quarters only between the frame of the chassis and the floor of the body. It appears that the space of three inches between the floor of the body and the frame of the chassis was required to afford room for the transmission and other parts of the machinery of the chassis, which extended two and three-quarters inches above the frame of the chassis.
Immediately on the receipt of the body by the Milwaukee company, the plaintiffs were notified, both by the company and by the defendant that it did not conform to the contract in these and other respects. One of the plaintiffs thereupon went to Milwaukee and interviewed the superintendent and general manager of the Milwaukee company and the defendant; and according to his testimony the superintendent and general manager of the Milwaukee company referred him to the defendant who refused to accompany him and point out the defects. The defendant, however, testified that the defects were stated and this plaintiff admitted that mistakes had been made and offered to take the body back to New York and have the defects remedied, which the defendant declined on the ground of the delay that would be caused thereby, and that the defects could not be remedied and have the car appear as it should and as it would appear if properly constructed originally. The body extension, or gunstocks, on the chassis to be made by the Milwaukee company, and which according to the evidence introduced by the defendant was made and ready for the body, except for some parts which could be attached only when the body was on the chassis, was made of alumium, and the body extension, or gunstocks, on the body delivered by the plaintiffs was of wood, the same as the rest of the body. The plaintiffs claimed and offered evidence tending to show that ...