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Sloman v. Star Co.

Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division

March 8, 1912

LOUIS M. SLOMAN, Respondent,

APPEAL by the defendant, The Star Company, from a judgment of the Supreme Court in favor of the plaintiff, entered in the office of the clerk of the county of New York on the 9th day of May, 1911, upon the verdict of a jury, and also from an order entered in said clerk's office on the 10th day of May, 1911, denying the defendant's motion for a new trial made upon the minutes.


MacDonald De Witt, for the appellant.

George J. McDonnell, for the respondent.


In June, 1909, plaintiff was hired as an advertising solicitor in the display division of the advertising department of the New York American by Fred C. Veon, manager of said division. His hiring was a weekly one, and the salary paid him was fifty dollars per week. He entered upon the discharge of his duties and performed them until September, 1909, when, having concluded to locate in New York and to lease and furnish an apartment there, he spoke to Veon, telling him of his plans and stating his desire to have a more definite contract for the future. Veon replied that the plaintiff could feel perfectly safe in leasing an apartment up to November 1, 1910, as his position would be assured for that length of time, at the

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same salary of fifty dollars weekly. Plaintiff requested Veon to confirm the contract in writing, which the latter did in the following letter delivered to plaintiff:


'Sunday American Circulation 800,000.

'Broadway and Park Place.

' Oct. 3, 1909.

'MY DEAR SLOMAN.--You left the office this morning before I had a chance to talk to you regarding your desire to lease an apartment, etc. You will be entirely safe in making a lease for one year from Nov. 1, 1909, for one year, and you may consider this letter a contract for your services until November, 1910.

'Very truly,


'Adv. Mgr.'

Plaintiff was discharged on March 12, 1910, and this action is brought to recover his damages, the alleged contract having some seven months more to run. At the end of plaintiff's case, the proof of Veon's authority to make contracts for defendant consisted solely in the fact that he originally hired plaintiff under a verbal contract of weekly hiring, which had been performed upon both sides for some three months; that he was manager of the department of display advertising, one of four branches into which defendant's advertising business was subdivided; that he received reports from the solicitors in his department and gave them orders as to their solicitation of advertisements. Plaintiff admitted that he had never seen Veon hire or discharge any one, and that he knew one Merrill was the publisher of defendant and Veon's superior, having an inclosed office, outside of which Veon and the solicitors had desks.

The defendant established that the treasurer of defendant was William B. Merrill, who was also its general manager; that Veon was his subordinate, constantly consulted with him concerning the business, and was in charge of part of the advertising force; that he was outside of Merrill's office, about six feet distant from him; that he had power to hire and discharge men only after consultation with Merrill; that Veon

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had never been authorized to sign a contract of hiring; that he never had informed Merrill that he had signed such a contract or had hired Sloman for a year; that Veon's duties consisted in receiving the reports of the advertising solicitors and assigning them to their work; that the only persons who signed contracts for defendant are its officers; that Veon never hired any one for a year or any fixed period, to Merrill's knowledge; that when the latter signed the payroll containing Sloman's name it was without any knowledge or information that Sloman claimed a yearly hiring; that no head of any department had power to hire or discharge men except after consulting Merrill. None of this testimony was controverted.

Not only does the testimony conclusively establish that Veon had no power or authority, real or ostensible, to make a contract on behalf of defendant for a fixed term of employment, but it further appears that he had no power or authority to make even a weekly hiring on defendant's behalf, save after consultation with its general manager and with his consent. Furthermore, at the close of plaintiff's case he had failed to show any such power or authority, real or ostensible, on the part of Veon to make a contract of hiring for a fixed period, and the motion to dismiss the complaint then made should have been granted. This is not such a case as that of Cox v. Albany Brewing Company (24 N.Y. St. Repr. 942; 56 Hun, 489), where the person who made the contract of hiring was alone behind the counter in defendant's office apparently in charge, and there was, as the court said, 'no intimation in the evidence that his real power was not as ample as his ostensible.' Here the plaintiff had been originally hired from week to week--a contract involving no great liability upon defendant and quite consistent with any ordinary conduct of business. His retention under those conditions raised no implication of Veon's power to bind the corporation by yearly hiring, when to plaintiff's knowledge Merrill was Veon's ...

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