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Von Bayer v. Ninigret Mills Co.

Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division

March 15, 1912

RUDOLF C. VON BAYER, Respondent,

APPEAL by the defendant, The Ninigret Mills Company, from a judgment of the Supreme Court in favor of the plaintiff, entered in the office of the clerk of the county of New York on the 17th day of March, 1911, upon the verdict of a jury, and also from an order entered in said clerk's office on the 20th day of March, 1911, denying the defendant's motion for a new trial made upon the minutes.


William T. Keleher, for the appellant.

Arnold Lichtig, for the respondent.


The plaintiff alleges that he was employed by the defendant on the 28th day of April, 1909, to secure a loan of $50,000, 'more or less,' to be secured by its first mortgage bonds under certain terms and conditions; that he 'at all times duly kept and performed each and every covenant and condition of the said agreement upon his part to be kept and performed, and, pursuant to the said agreement, undertook and conducted negotiations with various persons, firms and corporations, and

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performed work, labor and services in connection with the securing of said loan, and obtained a large number of subscribers to the bonds of the defendant corporation, all of which was of great benefit and value to the defendant; ' but that defendant failed to keep and wrongfully repudiated and broke the agreement, and that he thereby lost the benefit of his agreement and lost the time devoted by him in securing subscribers to the bonds of the defendant, to his damage in the sum of $20,000. The answer is, in effect, a general denial. Without any amendment the complaint appears to have been regarded upon the trial as one for commissions, upon the theory of full performance, and it was so submitted to the jury, and the recovery, under the charge, was upon the theory that the plaintiff procured one Sutro, who was ready, willing and able to loan $50,000 to the defendant on the terms upon which the plaintiff was employed to procure it, and that he tendered the money or a certified check to the defendant, but that it was refused. On full performance plaintiff would have been entitled to a commission of two and one-half per cent on the amount of the loan procured, or $1,250 on $50,000. He conceded a credit of $175. An item of $475 claimed by defendant as a credit was in dispute and the jury found in favor of the defendant thereon, and awarded a verdict for the balance together with interest thereon. The uncontroverted evidence shows that the attention of the plaintiff was drawn to the question of financing the defendant by its selling agent in New York; that one Sutro manifested a willingness to make a temporary loan to the defendant of $5,000 or $10,000, which was the amount stated to be needed by its selling agent provided he received a satisfactory report with respect to defendant, that a short time thereafter plaintiff accompanied the selling agent to the defendant's plant at Mystic, Conn., and after some negotiations with the president and superintendent and others there, a meeting of the board of directors was called on the 28th of April, 1909, and he verbally submitted a proposition to the company by which he was to secure a loan of $50,000, more or less, and to receive a commission of two and one-half per cent, and the banker making the loan should receive a commission or bonus of ten per cent payable in bonds,

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and fifty-one per cent of the common stock of the company; that the loan was to be secured by a first mortgage bond issue on the plant at six per cent per annum, payable semi-annually, ten per cent of the bonds to be retired annually, and that the board of directors accepted the proposition and a formal resolution was adopted authorizing the president to carry out the agreement. After that time plaintiff had many consultations with Ledwidge, the secretary; O'Sullivan, the president, and Renner, the sales agent of the company, about the work he was doing and intended to do, and he prepared a report in book form with respect to the company's assets and liabilities and business, which he presented to Sutro. His version of what Sutro said when the report was presented is as follows:

'He told me that if the conditions as outlined in the book were facts, and I showed him that they were facts, and verified it by original facts as contained in the book, he said if the company came up to the terms as agreed, he would make the loan of $50,000, more or less.' The evidence shows that the defendant was desirous of obtaining a loan immediately; that its plant was heavily mortgaged and that it had some seven or eight lien creditors and it desired to enlarge its plant with a view to increasing its business; that Sutro never unconditionally agreed to make the loan until after the defendant declared the deal off on the 1st day of July, 1909; that the plaintiff never notified the defendant until after said date that he had procured a party ready, willing and able to make the loan on the terms proposed; that the plaintiff and Sutro entered into an agreement by which plaintiff was to go to Mystic and there obtain subscriptions for the bonds upon an agreement by which part of the bonus which the banker was to receive was to be given to the subscribers, and the remainder was to be divided between him and Sutro, and, pursuant to this arrangement, he spent a large part of the time between said 28th day of April, 1909, and tenth day of July, thereafter, at and about Mystic, endeavoring to obtain such subscriptions, and interviewed more than one-half of the inhabitants, and represented to them, generally, that Sutro would not make the loan unless he succeeded in thus obtaining subscriptions for the bond issue; that he did in fact obtain subscriptions from the officers, stockholders

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and creditors of the defendant company, and from the citizens of Mystic and vicinity for from $14,000 to $40,000 of the bonds; and that it was at Sutro's suggestion that the plaintiff negotiated with the lien creditors of the defendant to take bonds in payment of their claims, as Sutro did not wish to advance the cash to pay off such liens. The plaintiff denies that Sutro was unwilling to make the loan unless he thus placed the bonds but he concedes that in obtaining the subscriptions for the bonds he was acting both for Sutro and in his own interests, and that the proposition would be the more attractive to Sutro the larger the amount of the subscriptions he obtained for the bonds. Finally, according to the testimony of the plaintiff, it was agreed that the loan would be consummated on the first day of July at Sutro's office, and he and Sutro had arranged to have attorneys in readiness to prepare papers for the bond issue if needed. At the time agreed upon for closing no one representing the defendant came, and he was on that day informed by representatives of defendant that the deal was off because defendant decided that it was not a money-making proposition, and pointed to the ease with which the plaintiff had secured subscriptions for the bonds at Mystic, and stated that the defendant could itself thus raise the money, and that the terms which it had agreed to pay for the loan were out of all proportion, and they offered him a commission of five per cent to 'put the deal through under their own handling.' At the request of plaintiff, he and the defendant's secretary and sales agent met at Sutro's office the next day, and defendant's secretary stated that defendant figured that it would have to come to New York to obtain a loan, but since the plaintiff was able to raise a considerable part of it at Mystic it would be unwise for defendant 'to pay the fee and give up the stock as they would if they dealt with Mr. Sutro,' and Sutro, on being asked if he considered it a good proposition for defendant, replied that it certainly was not, if defendant could get the money cheaper at Mystic; and Sutro thereupon asked if they would accept his certified check, to which they replied that they would not take a check if offered to them, and this ended the negotiations. There was no tender of a certified check and no tender of the money, or demand that defendant perform.

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The money that was paid to plaintiff, according to the testimony given on the part of the defendant, was advanced or loaned at his request while he was soliciting subscriptions at Mystic, and this is only controverted by him to the extent that he claims that before the proposition of April 28, 1909, the defendant had agreed to pay him $300 for preparing a report to be presented to Sutro, regardless of whether or not the same was accepted by Sutro. The evidence on the part of the defendant tends to show that the condition upon which Sutro was willing to make the loan was that subscriptions by responsible parties in and about Mystic be first obtained for the bonds and placed in his hands; that these subscriptions might be payable in installments, but upon their being obtained and being presented to him and being found satisfactory he would advance the amount of the loan less commissions; that the plaintiff was not able to obtain subscriptions for the entire amount, and for only about $14,000 of ...

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