The opinion of the court was delivered by: BYERS
This is a motion by the bankrupt for an order "disapproving and disaffirming" the report of the referee to whom specifications in opposition to discharge were duly referred. The specifications are, the making of a false oath by failing to include in his schedules, among his assets, an interest in the respective estates of his deceased parents; and in having transferred or concealed, within twelve months, a one-fourth interest in a certain mortgage representing a portion of the personalty in his father's estate.
The referee has reported against discharge, and in effect finds as follows: "After hearing the testimony of the bankrupt and other witnesses I am satisfied that at the time of the bankruptcy the bankrupt had an interest in the estates of Louis Hess, his father, and Bertha F. W. Hess, his mother. The schedules fail to disclose such interest."
The reference to an interest in the mother's estate was inadvertent because that was confined to real estate in Bronxville and, having been listed in the schedules, so much of the specification as dealt therewith was withdrawn.
The facts with reference to the bankrupt's interest in his father's estate have been permitted to become somewhat confused.
Apparently the bankrupt and his brother were the executors of their father's will, and held a $5,000.00 mortgage which they assigned on October 6, 1931, purporting to have received $5,000.00 consideration therefor from one Annie F. Larkin.
This was about eight days prior to the filing of the voluntary petition, and is discussed by the objecting creditor as the transfer upon which the specification was based. It is urged that it was particularly obnoxious, as being in defiance of a stay contained in an order for examination in supplementary proceedings obtained in the State Supreme Court by the objecting creditor.
Possibly sight has been lost of the fiduciary capacity in which the executors acted in making that assignment, which is to be distinguished from the personal status of the bankrupt which may have been involved in what was done as the result of the conversion of the mortgage into cash through the medium of the assignment.
The individual property of the bankrupt included his distributive share in his father's estate, receivable by him from the executors of his father's will.
The nature and extent of that property would be shown as the result of a proceeding judicially to settle the accounts of the executors, in the Surrogate's Court in which the father's will was probated. No such settlement has been had. An involuntary accounting proceeding was initiated by the trustee in bankruptcy, which did not result in a decree, but in the filing of an affidavit, apparently intended for verification on May 16, 1932, which is said to have been the basis of a release executed by all beneficiaries, namely, the two sisters of this bankrupt and his brother and co-executor.
Such a release may have operated to adjust the accounts of the executors so far as the other beneficiaries are concerned, and therefore to have satisfied the Surrogate concerning the administration of the estate; but it could not operate to fix the extent of the bankrupt's inheritance from his father, or so as to be conclusive upon a creditor of the bankrupt as to the actual distribution made to him, by the executors, at or prior to the time of filing the petition.
It may be assumed that it was this aspect of the matter that led to the conclusion of the referee quoted above. This is another way of saying that the bankrupt was shown to have had an interest in the estate of his deceased father, who died February 25, 1930, and whose will was admitted to probate on March 19, 1930; the only evidence as to what became of that interest is the testimony of an attorney by the name of Walsh, that on October 6, 1931, he had no beneficial interest in the assets of the decedent, which was of course an opinion or a conclusion; and the bankrupt's testimony that, when these schedules were filed, he had received some $700.00 in excess of what his sisters and brother had received, and that he then received no part of the proceeds said to have been realized on the fortuitous sale or assignment by the executors of this $5,000.00 mortgage.
These assertions do not constitute legal proof that the bankrupt had no interest in his father's estate when he filed his petition, and, as he made no reference thereto in his schedules, the conclusion of the referee seems to be justified.
It would seem fair, however, to afford to the bankrupt an opportunity to establish, by legal proof, the true facts as they existed at the date of his petition. To do this, he will be required to show the equivalent of what would be necessary upon a judicial settlement of the executors' accounts, namely, the debits and credits of the executors. The latter of course ...