The opinion of the court was delivered by: BYERS
The defendants in this case are the same as those referred to in decision of June 18 1943, sustaining the demurrer in cause No. 39178.
The object of this indictment is to allege a conspiracy, 18 U.S.C.A. § 88, to violate Sections 207 and 215, 29 U.S.C.A., Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, concerning the employees of the corporations involved.
The allegation is that "said corporations, * * * employed and suffered and permitted to work in the manufacture and production and in processes and occupations necessary to the manufacture and production of said baking and confectionery products numerous persons who were employees within the meaning of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938."
It is to be observed that a conviction under this indictment could involve a heavier penalty than a conviction for violating the statute itself. See 29 U.S.C.A. § 216.
The conspiracy as alleged is that the Berke Cake Co., Inc., and the E.L.K. Baking Co., Inc., and the individuals, Irving Berke, an officer of both corporations, Moe Gertner and Charles Urban, supervisory employees of both corporations, Harry Meth, business agent of Local 51, Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union of America, and Joseph Bless, financial secretary of said Local 51, and other persons named, and others whose names were unknown, from October 24, 1938, to June 1, 1943, conspired and agreed together that the corporations and Irving Berke "would pay to their employees wages at rates less than one and one-half times their regular rates of pay for all hours worked in excess of the applicable maximum statutory hours set forth in Section 207, Title 29 U.S.C., and did further combine, conspire, confederate and agree together to * * * intimidate, * * *, and discharge, any of the aforesaid employees that filed any complaint or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or related to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938; the purpose and plan of the said conspiracy being that the defendants * * * (the corporations and Irving Berke) would pay their employees wages at rates less than time and one-half their regular rates of pay for all hours worked in excess of the applicable maximum statutory hours set forth in Section 207, Title 29 U.S.C.; the purpose and plan of the said conspiracy further being that as a result of the injury, oppression, * * *, discrimination against, and discharge of the employees as aforesaid, the said employees, or any of them, would not file any complaint or institute or cause to be instituted any proceeding under or related to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and would release the defendants * * * (those named above) from any claims for unpaid overtime compensation due to the aforesaid employees under the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and would sign general waivers and releases of their claims and would discontinue any proceedings for the recovery of unpaid overtime compensation instituted under the provisions of Section 16(b) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 * * *."
Then follow certain alleged Overt Acts, namely:
I. An agreement on the part of the corporations with the unions, dated April 28, 1939, "which provided, among other things, that the employees should receive certain stated minimum wages per week and that the stated weekly wages were to be in payment for workweeks of six days, consisting of eight hours a day including a half hour for lunch, or a total of forty-five hours of work a week".
II. On May 2, 1939, a memorandum of agreement between the said parties, amending and modifying that averred in Overt Act I, which "provided that the union would agree to a reduction in the hourly wage for all employees of twelve and one-half (12 1/2) per cent of their regular rates of pay, and further provided that the employees should be paid on this reduced hourly rate of pay in such wise that they would continue to receive the same wages originally provided for in the agreement entered into on April 28, 1939 on the regular rate provided in that first agreement and on a straight time basis for all hours worked up to fifty-six (56) hours per week although purporting to be in payment of time and one-half the reduced rate specified in the memorandum of agreement executed on May 2, 1939".
Obviously the foregoing is obscure in so far as it attempts to describe the effect of the second agreement.
III. On July 7, 1941, the defendant Harry Meth and others called a meeting for the employees of the corporations at the offices of the union.
IV. The defendant Meth, being present at the meeting, "demanded that the assembled employees execute releases of their claims for unpaid overtime compensation against" the corporations.
V. On August 1, 1941, the defendant Meth had a conversation with "one Robert Lazarowitz, an employee of Berke Cake Co., Inc., and E.L.K. Baking Co., Inc., at 57 Knickerbocker Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, in the course of which the said defendant, Harry Meth, asked the said Robert Lazarowitz to sign a release for claims for unpaid overtime compensation under the Fair Labor Standards Act of ...