UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
December 1, 1952
MURARKA et al.
BACHRACK BROS., Inc.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: MURPHY
In this action for breach of contract for the sale of goods, the principal question is one of proof of plaintiffs' citizenship for purposes of jurisdiction. The statute applicable at the time this complaint was filed in July, 1947 gives this court jurisdiction in all civil actions where there is the requisite amount in controversy between 'Citizens of a State and foreign States, citizens or subjects.' 28 U.S.C.A. former Sec. 41.
The complaint alleged that 'plaintiffs are and were at all times mentioned herein, partners, doing business as a general partnership in Delhi, India, under the name and style of Fatehchand Madangopol; that each plaintiff is an alien and a subject of Great Britain.' The answer 'denies knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the (se) allegations.' It is admitted that defendant is, and was at all times mentioned in the complaint, 'a domestic corporation incorporated under the laws of the State of New York;' and also that there is the requisite jurisdictional amount in controversy.
Once the appropriate allegations of citizenship are made in a complaint, the plaintiff has the burden of supporting them by competent proof amounting to a preponderance of evidence upon challenge by his adversary. See McNutt v. General Motors Acceptance Corp., 298 U.S. 178, 188-189, 56 S. Ct. 780, 80 L. Ed. 1135; KVOS. Inc. v. at Associated Press, 299 U.S. 269, 278, 57 S. Ct. 197, 81 L. Ed. 183; Gibbs v. Buck, 307 U.S. 66, 72, 59 S. Ct. 725, 83 L. Ed. 1111; Thomson v. Gaskill, 315 U.S. 442, 446, 62 S. Ct. 673, 86 L. Ed. 951. It is self-evident that the testimony of a single interested law witness, called by plaintiffs, to the effect that each of the plaintiffs has lived in some part of India is far from establishing each such plaintiff as 'an alien and a subject of Great Britain.' as alleged in the complaint. Cf. Stuart v. Easton, 156 U.S. 46, 15 S. Ct. 268, 39 L. Ed. 341. Although it may be the case that at the time the complaint was filed the Government of India was an interim one recognized as such by the United States with an ambassador to Washington whose credentials were signed by His Majesty, King George the Sixth of the United Kingdom, it does not follow that testimony by this witness given over defendant's objection that plaintiffs were citizens of India, is competent proof that such is the case.
Accordingly this court is without jurisdiction and the complaint is dismissed without prejudice.