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IN RE CAPUTO

February 18, 1954

Petition of CAPUTO


The opinion of the court was delivered by: BYERS

This petition is opposed by reason of the applicant's having answered question 41 'Yes' on Selective Service Form DSS 304 (Alien's Personal History and Statement) on May 22, 1942 filed with his Local Board, when he was called for military service.

The answer meant: 'I do object to service in the land or naval forces of the United States.'

 The petitioner was then an enemy alien by reason of his Italian birth, and was legally present in this country.

 The applicable Section of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 reads:

 ' § 315(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 405(b), any alien who applies or has applied for exemption or discharge from training or service in the armed forces or in the National Security Training Corps of the United States on the ground that he is an alien, and is or was relieved or discharged from such training or service on such ground, shall be permanently ineligible to become a citizen of the United States.' 8 U.S.C.A. § 1426(a).

 When the application for exemption was made, this country was at war with Italy, but by January 1944 that condition had come to an end, and he was called again before his Local Board; the Selective Service records reveal the following subsequent history of the registrant:

 'January 29, 1944 -- Class -- 1-A -- available for service, Army reconsidered their decision that he was not acceptable and found him, at this time, acceptable for service, if otherwise qualified.

 'April 22, 1944 -- Class 3-D -- by Appeal Board based on undue hardship if he were to be inducted with reopening of case to be made on August 15, 1944.

 'August 28, 1944 -- Class 1-A -- Postponed -- available for service but postponed.

 'November 13, 1944 -- Class 2-A -- based on occupation.

 'April 16, 1945 -- Class 1-A -- available for service.

 'July 17, 1945 -- Class 2-A -- based on occupation.

 'September 20, 1945 -- Class 4-A -- as being overage for any military service.

 'There is no record contained in his file that he ever withdrew his ...


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