The opinion of the court was delivered by: EDELSTEIN
1. Plaintiff Denis C. Quinn has brought this suit under the Federal Tort Claims Act (28 U.S.C. §§ 1346(b), 2671 et seq.) to recover for injuries which he alleges were caused by the negligent operation of a United States Army vehicle by one Charles Moder.
2. The incident upon which this action is based occurred at about 2:45 P.M. on September 13, 1954 in the vicinity of Twelfth Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. Plaintiff was crossing Twelfth Avenue on foot in a westerly direction. He says that he was frightened and caused to fall by the approach of the Army vehicle, which was making a left turn from 42nd Street into the south bound lane of traffic on Twelfth Avenue.
3. It is conceded that the Army vehicle did not strike the plaintiff.
4. In his fall to the roadway, Mr. Quinn sustained an intertrochanteric fracture of his left femur. He was taken by ambulance to St. Clare's Hospital, where, on September 18, 1954, the fracture was reduced and set by the third party defendant Dr. Kazuo Yanagisawa.
5. The Government denies that Moder was negligent in the operation of the Army vehicle. In its third party complaint, the United States urges that even if the Court should hold otherwise, that it must have recovery over against the third party defendant, because his negligence in reducing and setting the fracture produced Mr. Quinn's permanent disability.
6. On September 13, 1954, Charles Moder was a civilian employee of the Department of the Army of the United States. He was a supply clerk, whose duties included driving. He was assigned to the United States Army Reserve Training Center at 529 West 42nd Street -- between Tenth and Eleventh Avenues -- in New York City.
7. Shortly before 2:45 P.M., Moder was directed to drive Sergeant Earl F. Koroser from the Reserve Training Center at 529 West 42nd Street to 90 Church Street.
8. Mr. Moder and Sergeant Koroser left 529 West 42nd Street in a 1950 Chevrolet 1/2 ton carry-all -- a vehicle resembling a large station wagon. Moder drove and Sergeant Koroser sat alongside him in the front seat.
9. Moder drove west on 42nd Street. When he reached the corner of Twelfth Avenue, the light was red and he brought his vehicle to a stop immediately to right of the center line on 42nd Street. There were no vehicles in front of or to the left of the Army vehicle.
10. On September 13, 1954 the plaintiff Denis C. Quinn was employed as an inspector of concrete pipes by the Department of Public Works of the City of New York. Earlier in the day he had been inspecting pipe in Kenilworth, New Jersey. At about 2:00 P.M. he was driven back from Kenilworth to Manhattan by car. He got out of the car on the east side of Twelfth Avenue at 41st Street. He then started walking north along Twelfth Avenue on the east side of the street. It was his intention to walk to the Weehawken Ferry which is on the west side of Twelfth Avenue between 42nd and 43rd Streets.
11. Twelfth Avenue is a north-south avenue. In the vicinity of 42nd Street it runs underneath the West Side Elevated Highway, which is supported at regular intervals by steel pillars or stanchions. Three such supporting pillars -- each about two feet wide at the base -- are located on Twelfth Avenue in line with the projection of the building line on the south side of 42nd Street (Def's Ex. A). The first pillar is approximately 29 feet west of the curb on the east side of Twelfth Avenue; the second or middle pillar -- which divides north and south bound traffic on Twelfth Avenue -- is 66.9 feet west of the east curb; and the third pillar is 106.9 feet west of the east curb (Def's Ex. A). The pedestrian crosswalk across Twelfth Avenue on the south side of 42nd Street lies immediately to the north of these three pillars. At the crosswalk, Twelfth Avenue has a smooth asphalt surface and south of the crosswalk, that is south of these three pillars, Twelfth Avenue has a cobblestone surface.
12. Mr. Quinn crossed Twelfth Avenue walking, in an easterly direction, south of the pedestrian crosswalk. He was jay-walking. While the Army vehicle was waiting for the red light at the corner of 42nd Street, Quinn was standing in the middle of Twelfth Avenue at least 13 feet south of the middle pillar -- also waiting for the light to change so that he could continue on his way across Twelfth Avenue.
13. Mr. Moder gave a signal indicating a left-hand turn. After the light changed to green he crossed Twelfth Avenue, preparatory to making a left turn to go south on Twelfth Avenue. As he began to make his turn, a bus, headed east on 42nd Street, crossed in front of the Army vehicle. Moder either slowed down or came to a complete stop in order to permit the bus to pass.
14. When the bus had passed, the Army vehicle was approximately 40 feet north and slightly west of the second pillar referred to in Finding of Fact No. 11. Mr. Moder saw the plaintiff walking in an easterly direction 15 feet south and a few feet west of the second pillar. He continued toward the ...