Before CLARK, KAUFMAN and HAYS, Circuit Judges.
HAYS, Circuit Judge: Petitioners seek to set aside an order of the Federal Trade Commission requiring them to cease and desist from certain advertising practices found false and misleading in violation of § 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 66 Stat. 632 (1952), 15 U.S.C. § 45 (1958). We affirm and grant enforcement of the order.
Petitioners are engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling custom made shoes. The shoes are manufactured from plaster casts of the customer's foot. It is conceded that the shoes are notably comfortable and that they are useful in avoiding or relieving foot discomfort which may result from ill fitting shoes. The shoes are particularly helpful in relieving the discomfort of persons with a deformity of the foot which makes it difficult for them to find a well-fitting mass produced shoe.
The order under review prohibits the petitioners from claiming that their shoes have any therapeutic qualities with regard to certain named disorders, except insofar as the disorder or discomfort is "due to or caused by ill-fitting shoes." As we read the order it leaves petitioners free to claim that the shoes will relieve pain from foot disorders, such as bunions and hammer toes, which is attributable to tight fitting shoes, regardless of whether the condition itself was caused by tight fitting shoes. Petitioners do not seriously argue that this is an unfair standard to govern their operations. However, they do strenuously urge that the advertisements introduced in evidence do not justify the issuance of any order against them. Review in this case, therefore, concerns the evidentiary support for the charges sustained by the Commission.
Petitioners advertised their product by circulating reprints of articles about it which appeared in newspapers and magazines. It is the material in these articles, republished by petitioners, that is the basis of this proceeding. Among the statements found in the reprints introduced before the Commission are the following:
A man who has real trouble with his feet might do well to consider the therapeutic qualities attributed to the Murray Space Shoes.* * * One man is convinced that they have helped to relieve his blood pressure A dentist says that wearing them has relieved a sharp pain in his hip that made standing all day at his work a torture. * * *
The Murray Glove Mould Shoe makes for perfect balance, which in turn corrects not only foot troubles, but other bodily ailments due to being out of alignment while walking and standing.
Alan E. Murray, inventor of the Murray Space Shoe, likes to tell about a young man who had been rejected by the Navy for flat feet. He thereupon got a pair of Mr. Murray's shoes, wore them for several months and was sufficiently rehabilitated to pass his physical. * * *
Sufferers from fallen arches, corns, bunions, mosaic warts, heel spurs, or hammer toes frequently claim amazing relief from the shoe. * * *
Doctors now in conference with friend Murray are studying control of the "slipped spinal disc" by Space Shoe Magic.
But to show what miseries can result from ill fitting shoes and how they can be made to disappear, here are a few examples:
S.T. was a former dancer who had retired from her profession because of bunions, aching feet, indigestion and eventually stomach ulcers. An operation was advised about the time she started to wear the Glove Mould Shoes. After wearing the shoes for ten months, her feet were in complete comfort, indigestion and ulcers had vanished and she was a well and happy woman again.
M.S. was a hairdresser who was on her feet all day. For thirteen years she was tortured with backache to such an extent that it was agony to get out of bed every morning. She spent three periods in the hospital for arthritis and paid thousands of dollars to doctors for treatments. Two weeks after wearing the Glove Mould Shoes the pain in her back disappeared, never to reappear. Life is worth while living again for M.S.
J.T. says that after wearing the Glove Mould Shoes for five months her callouses have gone away, swollen joints have become smaller, and her ankles that had sagged outward ...