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MARKS v. SEEDMAN

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT, SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK


August 28, 1969

Ben MARKS and Harry Bosworth, Plaintiffs,
v.
George SEEDMAN, Times Square Television Corporation, the Seedman Company, Inc., Union Cycle Co. Ltd., Moly Motor Products Corporation, Gotham Products Corp., Jameseed Realty Corp. and Times Square Stores Corporation, Defendants

The opinion of the court was delivered by: COOPER

MEMORANDUM

Defendants *fn1" move this Court pursuant to § 627 of the New York Business Corporation Law, McKinney's Consol.Laws, c. 4, for an order (a) requiring plaintiffs to post security in the amount of $ 75,000, (b) staying all further proceedings on behalf of plaintiffs pending the deposit of such security, and (c) directing the Clerk of the Court, upon proof by affidavit from Times Square Stores Corporation (hereinafter TSS) that plaintiffs have failed to post the security, to enter judgment dismissing the action as to all defendants with costs. Motion granted to the extent hereinafter indicated.

Unless the stock owned by plaintiffs either constitutes more than 5% Of any class of the outstanding stock of TSS or has a fair value of more than $ 50,000, TSS is entitled to the posting of security for its expenses in the action.

 While plaintiffs held more than 5% Of the outstanding preferred stock of TSS at the inception of this action, all of their preferred shares were redeemed by the corporation prior to the return date of the instant motion. *fn2" Under the facts of the instant case we hold such redemption terminated plaintiffs' security-free status. In reaching this result we place great weight on the fact that the second cause of action embodied in plaintiffs' complaint sought to compel TSS to redeem all of its issued and outstanding preferred stock. *fn3" Having brought a legal action to compel redemption, plaintiffs should not be heard to complaint when that very relief is voluntarily granted by the corporation.

 The holding in Roach v. Franchises International, Inc., 32 A.D.2d 247, 300 N.Y.S.2d 630 (1969), does not support plaintiffs' position. Unlike Roach, here plaintiffs took affirmative action to have their stock redeemed. Having met the percentage requirement at the time of institution of suit, plaintiffs did not seek to 'conserve their stockholdings thereafter.' Id. at 635.

 Regardless of the date on which we value plaintiffs' holdings of TSS common stock, *fn4" we are satisfied that such shares do not have a fair value in excess of $ 50,000. We are not persuaded by plaintiffs' contention that the redemption of preferred stock resulted in a material increase in the value of the common stock. Further, assuming arguendo, the validity of valuing a minority shareholder's stock in a closely held corporation by comparing the price-earnings ratio of a publicly-held competitor, *fn5" plaintiffs' calculations purporting to show the value of their common stock to be above $ 50,000 are far from conclusive and have been well rebutted in the Affidavit of I. Russell Stein, verified March 19, 1969, at pp. 5-7.

 Since plaintiffs have satisfied neither the minimum stockholdings requirement nor the monetary value requirement of § 627, TSS is entitled to the posting of security for its expenses in the action.

 In determining the amount of security to be posted by plaintiffs, we have taken into consideration: (1) TSS would appear to be a nominal party defendant since there is no basis in the record before us for a definitive conclusion that its interests are threatened by the relief sought in the first cause of action of the complaint. *fn6" (2) If successful in defending this action, George Seedman in all likelihood will be entitled to indemnification from TSS since he apparently is being sued in his fiduciary capacity. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law §§ 722, 724, and 725. (3) The prime thrust of the first cause of action is directed against the activities of George Seedman and therefore it is anticipated that the burden of defense will rest largely with him. (4) 600 hours of defense counsel's time are alleged to have been expended already in defending this action. We are compelled to note however that defense counsel has not broken down the time expended so as to indicate what portion was devoted to the defense of Seedman and how much to the defense of his wholly-owned corporations; further, there is no indication of the amount of counsel's time addressed to the second clause of action -- a nonderivative action. (5) Accounting services rendered and to be rendered in this matter. (6) The usual and ordinary expenses incurred in litigation of this nature.

 Based upon the above considerations, plaintiffs shall furnish security in the sum of $ 30,000. Pending the posting of such security, all proceedings by plaintiffs shall be stayed. This decision is without prejudice to the right of a proper party to move for a modification of the amount of such security 'upon showing that the security provided has or may become inadequate or excessive.' N.Y. Business Corporation Law § 627.

 Settle order on notice within five (5) days from the date hereof.


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