UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
March 31, 1971
Lawrence I. WEISMAN, Plaintiff,
William ASHPLANT and F.B. Ashplant, doing business as partners under the name of F.B. Ashplant & Co., and Scantlin Electronics, Inc., Defendants
Lasker, District Judge.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: LASKER
LASKER, District Judge.
All defendants move under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for summary judgment as to the third and fourth counts of the complaint herein. In addition, the Ashplant defendants move for leave to file a third-party complaint against defendant Scantlin.
The third count of the complaint alleges that defendant Scantlin Electronics, Inc. ("Scantlin") violated §§ 5, 12 and 17 of the Securities Act of 1933, 15 U.S.C.A. §§ 77e, 77 l, 77q, in that Scantlin stated, in its prospectus of April 1, 1969 for $5,000,000 of 6 1/2% convertible subordinated debentures, that it intended to secure listing of the debentures and of Scantlin's common stock with the American Stock Exchange, and that Scantlin never applied for such listing. The fourth count of the complaint alleges that the prospectus constituted a contract between plaintiff and Scantlin which was breached by the failure to apply for a listing.
Jurisdiction is alleged to be founded under § 22(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, 15 U.S.C.A. § 77v(a) as to the third count, and under the doctrine of pendent jurisdiction as to the fourth account.
There are no genuine issues of material fact remaining. The record clearly establishes that on February 25, 1969, Scantlin filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission its Form S-1 Registration Statement covering a proposed offering of.6 1/2% convertible subordinated debentures due in 1989. This Registration Statement became effective on April 1, 1969.
On the cover page of Scantlin's prospectus for these debentures the second full paragraph reads:
"The Company intends to apply for listing of its Common Stock and of the Debentures on the American Stock Exchange."
Prior to the issuance of this statement, the Scantlin board of directors had authorized both the registration of the debentures with the Securities and Exchange Commission and an application for their listing with the American Stock Exchange. On February 26, 1969, counsel for Scantlin sought a preliminary opinion from the American Stock Exchange as to whether or not it would entertain a formal application for listing. Counsel were informed orally and then by a letter from the Exchange dated April 2, 1969, that the Securities Division of the Exchange was prepared to recommend favorable consideration of an application by Scantlin for a listing.
Scantlin then made formal application for listing in a submission to the Exchange dated May 2, 1969. This application was withdrawn on November 21, 1969, after the interim earnings of Scantlin suffered a decline "and the Securities Division of the Exchange took the position that the Company's earnings no longer met the Exchange's minimum requirements." (Affidavit of John E. Young, sworn to September 25, 1970). Counsel for Scantlin state that the application was withdrawn at the suggestion of the Securities Division.
On or about April 1, 1969, plaintiff purchased $100,000 face value of the debentures (Affidavit of Lawrence I. Weisman, sworn to October 8, 1970). Since that purchase the market price for the debentures has fallen substantially.
The plaintiff's allegations in the third and fourth counts of the complaint (that defendants did not make good faith efforts to secure an American Stock Exchange listing) are clearly contrary to the facts established here. Plaintiff attempts to remedy this failing of proof by arguing in his affidavit opposing the motions that certain collateral facts suggest that perhaps Scantlin never intended to secure a listing.
No motion has been made to amend the complaint, however, and these further suggestions are not properly before us. Even if they were, they would not change the outcome.
Accordingly, summary judgment is granted to defendants on the third and fourth counts of the complaint.
The motion by defendants William Ashplant, F.B. Ashplant and F.B. Ashplant & Co. for leave to denominate their cross-claims on this motion against Scantlin as a third-party complaint is denied because the cross-claims are not properly pleaded pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The alternative motion by these defendants for leave to bring a third-party complaint against Scantlin within twenty days from the filing of this opinion is granted.
The Ashplant defendants' claim against Scantlin is that Scantlin would be liable to them in the event that they are found liable to the plaintiff. Under Rule 14(a), F.R. Civ. P., the filing of a third-party complaint is proper where, as here, it tends to "settle related matters in one litigation as far as possible."
Since Scantlin will remain a party to the litigation upon the filing of the third-party complaint, its application for a certificate under Rule 54(b), F.R. Civ. P., is denied. Campbell v. Westmoreland Farm, 403 F.2d 939 (2d Cir. 1968).
Defendants' motion for summary judgment on the third and fourth counts of the complaint is granted. The motion of the Ashplant defendants to denominate their cross-claims on this motion as a third-party complaint is denied, with leave to bring a third-party complaint against Scantlin within twenty days from the filing hereof. Defendant Scantlin's application for a certificate under Rule 54(b) is denied.
It is so ordered.