UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
June 28, 1971
UNITED STATES of America, Petitioner,
LOCAL 804, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, CHAUFFEURS, WAREHOUSEMEN AND HELPERS OF AMERICA et al., Defendants
Tyler, District Judge.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: TYLER
TYLER, District Judge.
Having found defendants guilty of criminal contempt on June 15, 1971, the court immediately imposed sentences of 10 days in prison and $500 upon the individual defendants and $500 upon the union. Shortly thereafter, the Assistant United States Attorney, acting for both sides, brought to my attention that the two-legged sentence, imposed upon the individual defendants, violated the letter of the applicable statute, 18 U.S.C. § 401, which permits punishment either by fine or imprisonment. The sentence is therefore illegal and subject to correction under Fed. R. Crim. P. 35. United States v. De Simone, 267 F.2d 741 (2d Cir.) vacated as moot 361 U.S. 125, 80 S. Ct. 253, 4 L. Ed. 2d 167 (1959).
Although normally the court's power to correct the sentence would permit vacating either leg of the sentence, see United States v. De Simone, supra, that power is abrogated by the fact that defendants have paid the fines in full. In re Bradley, 318 U.S. 50, 63 S. Ct. 470, 87 L. Ed. 608 (1943). The cases relied on by the government for the proposition that an illegal sentence is totally void, permitting the court to resentence as if ab initio, involved failure to impose the statutorily mandated minimum and are inapposite. Mathes v. United States, 254 F.2d 938, 939 (9th Cir. 1958), United States v. Bozza, 155 F.2d 592, 595, 596 (3d Cir. 1946), affirmed 330 U.S. 160, 165-167, 67 S. Ct. 645, 91 L. Ed. 818 (1947). Where, as here, a sentence is illegal because excessive, only the excess portion is void. Once service has begun or satisfaction of a lawful portion has been accomplished, the court has no power to revise the sentence within otherwise legal limits to effectuate its original intention. In re Bradley, supra, Duggins v. United States, 240 F.2d 479, 481, 482 (6th Cir. 1957), Miller v. United States, 147 F.2d 372, 374 (2d Cir. 1945) 8 Moore's Federal Practice -- Cipes, Criminal Rules § 35.03.
Accordingly, those portions of the judgments of conviction which imposed sentences of confinement upon the individual defendants must be and hereby are vacated.
It is so ordered.
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