Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Ray v. Fritz


decided: October 19, 1972.


Friendly, Chief Judge, and Lumbard and Feinberg, Circuit Judges.

Author: Per Curiam

Essex Ray, an inmate of Clinton Correctional Facility, Dannemora, New York,*fn1 sued in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that prison authorities had deprived him of good time credit and placed him in punitive confinement, thereby violating his constitutional rights. Relying upon Eisen v. Eastman, 421 F.2d 560 (2d Cir. 1969), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 841, 91 S. Ct. 82, 27 L. Ed. 2d 75 (1970), Chief Judge Foley dismissed the complaint because plaintiff had failed to exhaust state administrative remedies before filing his section 1983 action. Oddly enough, although appellant was allegedly deprived of a substantial good time allowance, his complaint seeks only damages. New York State administrative remedies for prisoners do not apply to damage claims. Therefore, whatever effect the Supreme Court decisions in Wilwording v. Swenson, 404 U.S. 249, 92 S. Ct. 407, 30 L. Ed. 2d 418 (1971) (per curiam), and Carter v. Stanton, 405 U.S. 669, 92 S. Ct. 1232, 31 L. Ed. 2d 569 (1972) (per curiam), may have upon the Eisen requirement that administrative remedies must be exhausted, that doctrine is inapplicable here.

We would thus remand without further ado were it not for the grant of certiorari by the Supreme Court in Oswald v. Rodriguez, 407 U.S. 919, 92 S. Ct. 2459, 32 L. Ed. 2d 805 (1972), decided by this court en banc sub nom. Rodriguez v. McGinnis, 456 F.2d 79 (1972). In that case, two members of this panel took the position that applications by state prisoners seeking a change in the length or conditions of confinement should be regarded as petitions for habeas corpus no matter what they were called, and subject to the requirement of 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b) that state judicial remedies be exhausted. However, that view would not affect a prisoner's suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 seeking only damages. Moreover, there is a serious question whether appellant -- according to the record before us, still a prison inmate -- would have an adequate state judicial remedy for damages in any event. In the most recent case on the question, the New York State Supreme Court ruled that the section of the Correction Law (now section 24) regulating actions for damages arising from the acts of prison employees*fn2 did not repeal the general provisions of section 79 of the New York Civil Rights Law, McKinney's Consol.Laws, c. 6, O'Brien v. McGinnis, 63 Misc.2d 170, 311 N.Y.S.2d 553 (1970); contra, Cataliotti v. State, 61 Misc.2d 204, 305 N.Y.S.2d 28 (Ct.Cl.1969). Section 79 provides that a prisoner serving a sentence for any term less than life is deprived "during the term of the sentence" of his civil rights (presumably including the right to institute suits against prison officials). Thus, the latest New York view seems to be that a suit for damages under the Correction Law is not now available to appellant. All the members of this panel agree that in the absence of an adequate state administrative or judicial remedy, a federal court must hear a suit by a prisoner under section 1983. Under these circumstances, we do not think it appropriate to delay disposition of this case, as appellee suggests, until the Supreme Court decides Rodriguez.

Case remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.


Remanded for further proceedings.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.