The opinion of the court was delivered by: WERKER
A motion to remand the above-entitled special proceeding (Matter of Attorney 1880, 83 N.Y. 164) to the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York First Department has been made pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) by petitioner, Association of the Bar of the City of New York (the "Bar Association") under the following facts and circumstances.
This proceeding was commenced under Judiciary Law of the State of New York § 90(4), McKinney's Consol.Laws, c. 30, for the purpose of having the abovenamed respondent's name stricken from the roll of attorneys. A notice of petition for that purpose and the petition were personally served on respondent on August 9, 1974 returnable before the Appellate Division on September 9, 1974. The petition alleged: that respondent was admitted to practice in New York on March 13, 1961; that on or about October 4, 1965 he was found guilty of six felony counts in California on the basis of which on July 25, 1973 he was disbarred in California; that at the time of the commission of the crimes, of which he was found guilty in California, those crimes were felonies under New York law and consequently by operation of Section 90(4) of the Judiciary Law, respondent ceased to be an attorney and counselor at law in New York at the moment of conviction. Copies of the indictment and a certificate of conviction were attached to the petition. The petition prayed that an order be entered striking the respondent's name from the roll of attorneys of the State of New York.
On September 4, 1974 the Bar Association received a notice of filing of petition for removal to the District Court, a petition for removal, a bond for removal and an answer to the petition. The proceeding was then removed to this court pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1446(e) and the Appellate Division is enjoined to "proceed no further unless and until the case is remanded."
The instant motion was dated September 30, 1974 and made returnable November 15, 1974 in order to give respondent, who resides in California and appears pro se, an opportunity to respond to the motion for remand. The motion is grounded upon improvidence and lack of jurisdiction.
Respondent has answered the motion by (1) submitting an affidavit in opposition dated October 3, 1974 and a memorandum of law, (2) a notice of motion to dismiss and (3) an application for the appointment of counsel.
Respondent's answer in this matter admits the allegations of the petition with respect to the status of the Bar Association and his admission to the Bar but denies the truth or materiality of paragraphs III through XII and further claims that Section 90(4) of the Judiciary Law is unconstitutional as being a Bill of Attainder. He also asserts numerous "affirmative defenses" with respect to what are claimed to be illegal and unconstitutional acts upon the part of the California authorities and Courts.
Suffice it to say that respondent has had his day in court with reference to the denominated affirmative defenses as appears from the following:
On or about February 27, 1964 respondent and his wife were indicted by a Grand Jury of the County of Los Angeles, California, on 40 felony counts involving the purchase on credit from various merchants under assumed names and absconding without payment with the merchandise so purchased. Respondent removed the case to the United States District Court under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1443 and 1446. The case was remanded by a District Court order. It was appealed to the United States Court of Appeals (9th Cir.). Bogart v. People of the State of California, 355 F.2d 377 (9th Cir. 1966), order of remand affirmed. A stay was denied by both the District Court and the Court of Appeals. A petition amending petition to remove was later filed in the District Court which denied it. That holding was affirmed by the Court of Appeals in 409 F.2d 25 (1969).
The felony trial took place in the State Court concluding July 22, 1965 when respondent was convicted of six felony counts and his wife of nine. Respondent on September 4, 1965 obtained an order staying the remand from Associate Justice William O. Douglas of the United States Supreme Court pending determination of respondent's appeal therefrom to the Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeals affirmed the remand order on January 13, 1966, reargument was denied and on October 10, 1966 the United States Supreme Court denied certiorari. Bogart v. California, 385 U.S. 888, 87 S. Ct. 132, 17 L. Ed. 2d 117 (1966). Rehearing was also denied, 385 U.S. 964, 87 S. Ct. 400, 17 L. Ed. 2d 310 (1966).
On September 28, 1965, the California Superior Court denied respondent's motion for a new trial and on October 4, 1965 it rendered judgment on the convictions sentencing respondent and his wife to State prison. Respondent appealed. On December 14, 1967 the California Court of Appeals denied respondent's motion for an order directing the Superior Court to set aside the order denying the motions for a new trial and the judgments of conviction and on January 3, 1968 respondent's motion to reconsider was denied. On May 20, 1968 the United States Supreme Court denied certiorari, 392 U.S. 298, 88 S. Ct. 2070, 20 L. Ed. 2d 1116 (1968). Further appeals were also dismissed. See, Bogart v. Traynor, 385 U.S. 451, 87 S. Ct. 614, 17 L. Ed. 2d 514 and Bogart v. Reagan, 386 U.S. 211, 87 S. Ct. 979, 17 L. Ed. 2d 871.
On May 5, 1970 the California Court of Appeals affirmed the judgments of conviction and on May 25, 1970 denied a petition for rehearing. People v. Bogart, 7 Cal.App.3d 257, 86 Cal.Rptr. 737 (1970). On September 25, 1970 respondent was remanded to California State Prison. He was paroled in September 1971.
The California Supreme Court suspended respondent on March 30, 1966. An appeal was apparently taken to the United States Supreme Court. See, Bogart v. The State Bar of California, 390 U.S. 37, 88 S. Ct. 837, 19 L. Ed. 2d 814 (1968) where the appeal was dismissed and certiorari denied and also Bogart v. California, 392 U.S. 298, ...