The opinion of the court was delivered by: WARD
ROBERT J. WARD, District Judge.
Plaintiff, Harry Jacobson ("Jacobson") seeks, pursuant to § 205(g) of the Social Security Act ("the Act"), 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), to review a final administrative decision of the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare ("the Secretary") rejecting Jacobson's contention that his retirement insurance benefits were incorrectly determined. As there is no dispute as to any material fact, this case is submitted upon each party's cross-motion for summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56, Fed.R.Civ.P. For the reasons hereinafter stated, defendant's motion for summary judgment is granted and plaintiff's cross-motion for summary judgment is denied.
The Secretary determined, on May 22, 1974, that Jacobson's $187.40 monthly benefit was the highest allowable to him under the Act. The record reveals that he filed an original application for retirement insurance benefits on November 1, 1965 and was awarded a reduced monthly benefit beginning November, 1964 because he elected to receive benefits fourteen months before he reached age 65. Since that time, his benefits have been recomputed several times to give him credit for additional earnings. The latest recomputation, which considered earnings through 1971, increased his monthly benefit to $153.10 effective January, 1972. As a result of the 1973 amendments to the Act, Pub.L. No. 93-233, § 2(a) (Dec. 31, 1973), his benefit was raised by 20% to $187.40, effective September, 1972.
Upon review of the administrative record and the applicable law, the Court concludes that the Secretary correctly computed Jacobson's retirement insurance benefits.
Section 202(a) of the Act entitles a person who is fully insured, has attained age 62, and has filed an application, to the payment of retirement benefits.
Section 215(a), (b) and (d) of the Act explain particularly how an individual's monthly benefits are computed. An individual's primary insurance amount, the benefits payable to a person who elects benefits no earlier than age 65, is based on his average monthly wage. The average monthly wage is computed first by counting the number of years in the period beginning with 1951
and ending with the year prior to which he reaches age 65.
These years are the recipient's computation base years. The number of elapsed years in the computation base years period remains constant and is the number used in later recomputations of benefits. This number, reduced by five, is the number of the benefit computation years.
Next, an individual totals his earnings for a period equal in years to his benefit computation years period, using only the years with the highest earnings. Since 1951, yearly earnings includable have been limited by a statutory maximum. The total of earnings thus determined is divided by the number of months in the benefit computation period and the quotient is the individual's average monthly wage.
Based on this average monthly wage, an individual's primary insurance amount, which is the amount of his monthly payment, is determined in accordance with a benefit computation table contained in § 215(a)(3) of the Act.
Pursuant to § 202(q) of the Act, the size of the payment which an individual receives after age 65 is reduced if he has been entitled to and has accepted benefits prior to that time. This reduction is equal to five-ninths of one percent of the primary insurance amount for each month before age 65 for which he has accepted early payments. In years subsequent to age 65, this reduced primary insurance amount is the base from which recomputations are made.
Section 215(f) of the Act provides for recomputation of the primary insurance amount to reflect additional earnings during any year in which an individual is entitled to retirement benefits, if those earnings would increase his benefits. This occurs if his earnings in that year are higher than earnings in the lowest benefit computation year actually used in the individual's last previous computation. In this recomputation, the years of higher earnings are substituted for years of lower earnings used in prior computations, in order to maintain the constant number of computation base years referred to above. Such a recomputation takes effect in January following the year in which the wages were earned.
II. Application of Law and Regulations to Plaintiff in Computing his Primary Insurance Amount
Jacobson attained age 65 in 1966. The number of his benefit computation years, used in calculating his average monthly wage, equals the number of years starting with 1951 and closing with 1966, less five, i. e., ten. In 1973, when Jacobson requested a hearing to question his latest recomputation of benefits, his earnings from the ten years of highest earnings during the period 1951 to 1972 totalled $34,695.20. This total, divided by 120 months (ten years) gives an average monthly wage of $289.00 and a corresponding primary insurance amount effective January, 1972 of $157.90. However, pursuant to § 202(q), because Jacobson elected to receive benefits effective November, 1964, this recomputed amount is reduced by $4.80 to equal a monthly benefit effective January, 1972 of $153.10.
The 1973 Social Security Amendments provided a 20% increase in a recipient's primary insurance amount effective September, 1972, and Jacobson's monthly ...