UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT
November 19, 1975
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, APPELLEE,
CECIL GRAFTON ROSE, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT
On remand from the Supreme Court for reconsideration in the light of United States v. Hale, 43 U.S.L.W. 4806 (June 23, 1975), we reaffirm our earlier opinion, 500 F.2d 12, upholding appellant's conviction on two counts of impersonating a federal officer and obtaining money thereby, 18 U.S.C. § 912.
Lumbard and Hays, Circuit Judges, and Jameson, District Judge.*fn*
LUMBARD, Circuit Judge
This appeal is before us again on remand by the Supreme Court for reconsideration in light of United States v. Hale, 422 U.S. 171, 95 S. Ct. 2133, 45 L. Ed. 2d 99 (1975). The relevant facts are set forth in our prior opinion, United States v. Rose, 500 F.2d 12 (2d Cir. 1974), in which we upheld appellant Cecil Rose's conviction on two counts of impersonating a federal officer and thereby obtaining money in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 912. We see nothing in Hale which requires us to reach a different conclusion.
Rose's claim on appeal was that the government's inquiry on cross-examination as to whether he had offered to the arresting officers the same explanation for his conduct which he provided the jury on direct examination, constituted an improper comment on his right to remain silent under Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 86 S. Ct. 1602, 16 L. Ed. 2d 694 (1966). This court, however, declined to reach the merits of that question, holding that appellant had waived his right to raise the issue on appeal by failing to make a contemporaneous objection at trial.
If anything, Hale reinforces our decision. Specifically refusing to base its opinion on constitutional grounds, the Supreme Court restricted its holding to the evidentiary ruling that, on the facts presented to it, which included timely defense objection, "the probative value of [Hale's] pre-trial silence... was outweighed by the prejudicial impact of admitting it into evidence," 43 U.S.L.W. at 4806.
Evidentiary objections must be raised at trial or they are foreclosed on appeal. See United States v. Indiviglio, 352 F.2d 276, 280-81 (2d Cir. 1965) (en banc), cert. denied, 383 U.S. 907, 15 L. Ed. 2d 663, 86 S. Ct. 887 (1966). The court can be advised by the government of the relevant facts necessary to an informed judgment as to the admissibility of evidence only if questions as to admissibility are raised by the defendant promptly and no later than the time when the evidence is offered.*fn1 As previously noted, appellant's counsel made no objection either before or after the prosecutor's cross-examination.