Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

EEOC v. LOCAL 638

November 25, 1975

EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION, and the City of New York, Plaintiffs,
v.
LOCAL 638 et al., Defendants. LOCAL 28, Third-Party Plaintiff, v. NEW YORK STATE DIVISION OF HUMAN RIGHTS, Third-Party Defendant. LOCAL 28 JOINT APPRENTICESHIP COMMITTEE, Fourth-Party Plaintiff, v. NEW YORK STATE DIVISION OF HUMAN RIGHTS, Fourth-Party Defendant



The opinion of the court was delivered by: WERKER

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAM

 Introduction

 1. This Affirmative Action Program ("Program") is adopted pursuant to the Decision and Order dated July 18, 1975 and the Order and Judgment dated August 28, 1975 and entered in this action on September 2, 1975 ("Order and Judgment"). The goal of this Program is to assure that the nonwhite *fn1" membership in Local Union No. 28 of the Sheet Metal Workers' International Association ("Local 28") reaches a minimum level of 29% by July 1, 1981; to assure that substantial and regular progress is made toward this goal in each year prior to 1981; and to assure that non-white members of Local 28 and nonwhite apprentices of Local 28 share equitably in all employment opportunities afforded to members of Local 28. 2. For the purpose of reaching the above goal of 29% by July 1, 1981 this Program establishes as interim percentage goals for the non-white membership of Local 28 the following: July 1, 1976 10% July 1, 1977 13% July 1, 1978 16% July 1, 1979 20% July 1, 1980 24%

 Each of the above percentages shall be measured against the total membership of Local 28 as of each interim goal date respectively and the final goal date. For the purpose of measurement, total membership shall include all journeyman members, all pensioners *fn2" who have been employed as sheetmetal workers within the last three years, and all members or participants in the Local 28 Apprentice Program ("Apprentice Program"). The parties to this action and the Administrator are to implement this Program so that these interim goals may be attained. The Administrator shall periodically review the progress toward the attainment of these goals and take such action as he is empowered to take under the Order and Judgment to assure their achievement.

 3. Admission to Journeyman membership in Local 28 shall be attained only through the following procedures:

 
a) Successful completion of a 'hands-on' journeyman test administered pursuant to Paragraphs 5-14; or
 
b) establishment of proof of the required experience in the sheetmetal trade pursuant to Paragraph 15; or
 
c) successful completion of the Local 28 Apprentice Program; or
 
d) transfer in accordance with the Sheet Metal Workers' International Union Constitution and Ritual; or
 
e) organization of non-union shops.

 4. Membership in the Apprentice Program shall be obtained only through the following procedures:

 
a) successful completion of an apprentice aptitude test as set forth in Paragraphs 21-32; or
 
b) entry with advanced standing as set forth in Paragraphs 33 through 36.

 Admission to Journeyman Status

 5. Under the supervision and with the approval of the Administrator, Local 28 shall administer a 'hands-on' journeyman's test on October 11, 1975 designed to test fairly and in a non-discriminatory manner the skills needed for a journeyman sheet metal worker. This test and its grading shall be in substance the equivalent of the 'hands-on' portion of journeyman's test given by Local 28 in November, 1969 as revised by a sheetmetal expert provided by the plaintiffs or the New York State Division of Human Rights. Disputes as to any proposed revisions shall be resolved by the Administrator. There shall be a filing fee of $25 for this test.

 6. Local 28 shall undertake a program of publicity and advertising and prepare, make available, and process applications relating to the October 11, 1975 "hands-on" journeyman's test in accordance with the standards and conditions set forth heretofore by the parties and the Administrator. The administration and grading of the test shall be under the overall supervision of the Administrator and shall be accomplished and recorded in such a manner as to facilitate the professional development and validation of future "hands-on" journeyman's tests.

 7. Under the following conditions all persons who receive a passing grade in the test described in Paragraphs 5 and 6, and who are physically fit for sheetmetal work shall be eligible for admission to full journeyman membership in Local 28 as follows:

 
a) all non-white applicants who receive a passing grade, up to a total of 200 such applicants, shall be admitted to journeyman membership by December 1, 1975 in accordance with and subject to the provisions of Paragraphs 16-18 of the Program. In the event that more than 200 non-white applicants receive a passing grade and elect to exercise their rights to admission to journeyman membership under this Program, the 200 non-whites with the highest grades shall be admitted by December 1, 1975; the remaining non-white applicants shall be admitted in accordance with the provisions of subparagraph (b) of this paragraph;
 
b) white applicants who receive a passing grade shall be placed on a list and ranked in descending order on the basis of their grades on the examination.
 
i) white applicants shall be selected for admission in the order of their ranking on the above described list on the basis of a ration to the non-whites admitted pursuant to section (a) of this Paragraph. Said ratio shall be agreed upon by the parties, but in no event shall the ratio be less than one non-white for every white. Such ratio shall be designed with the purpose of implementing the interim goals set forth in Paragraph 2. If the parties cannot agree on a ratio by November 10, 1975 the Administrator shall establish such ratio by November 15, 1975.
 
ii) all applicants who receive a passing grade but who are not admitted pursuant to subparagraph (a) or section (i) of subparagraph (b) may be ordered admitted to journeyman membership by the Administrator at a time deemed suitable by him. White applicants who have received a passing grade and who are not admitted by March 1, 1976 shall be eligible for a selection priority over other white applicants qualified by the journeyman's test to be held in the Spring of 1976, or subsequent tests. Non-white applicants who have received a passing grade and who are not admitted pursuant to subparagraph (a) shall be admitted by July 1, 1976, if they so elect.

 8. Local 28 shall administer a non-discriminatory, "hands-on" journeyman's test under the overall supervision and approval of the administrator in the Spring of 1976 and at least once a year thereafter. The Administrator after consultation with the parties, may apply to the Court to decrease the frequency of the tests consistent with the requirements of the interim goals set forth in Paragraph 2.

 9. The journeyman's "hands-on" tests administered pursuant to Paragraph 8 shall be professionally developed and validated in accordance with EEOC Guidelines. Within a reasonable time before the administration of each test (which shall not be less than four weeks unless good cause is shown), Local 28 shall furnish counsel for the parties and the Administrator with (i) a copy of a report demonstrating the validity of the test and (ii) a copy of the test to be administered, provided that counsel for the parties and the Administrator shall not distribute or disclose the contents of the test to any individual or organization except for the purpose of professional validation thereof.

 10. All qualified applicants shall be eligible to take the "hands-on" journeyman test specified in this Program. A qualified applicant is defined as follows: any person who

 
a) has or will have attained the age of 18 by the date of the test, and
 
b) is a citizen or a lawful permanent resident alien legally entitled to work in the United States, and
 
c) has resided in New York City or the counties of Westchester (N.Y.) Nassau (N.Y.) Suffolk (N.Y.), Passaic (N.J.) Bergen (N.J.) Hudson (N.J.) Union (N.J.) or Essex (N.J.) for six (6) months prior to the filing of an application, and
 
d) has one year of sheet metal work experience including but not limited to employment as a member in any branch of Local 400 of the Sheet Metal Workers International Association, sheet metal experience in the Armed Forces or vocational education or training related to the skills of a journeyman sheet metal worker.

 Persons presently registered or recently registered in the Local 28 Apprentice Program or any other recognized apprentice program affiliated with the Sheet Metal Workers' International Association are not eligible.

 11. Subject to the approval of the Administrator, Local 28 shall develop a standardized application form for the "hands-on" journeyman's test. Such forms shall include only the following:

 
a) provisions for the name, address, telephone number, social security number, citizenship or lawful resident alien status, residency, record of convictions, age, sex and race or ethnic identification of the applicant (with a notation that information regarding race or ethnic identification is required solely for the purpose of compliance with the court order herein and the regulations of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission), and previous sheet metal experience.
 
b) information regarding the eligibility requirements, fee, date, time, location, and nature of the "hands-on" journeyman's test.

 12. Local 28 shall make available an application form for the "hands-on" journeyman's test and a short description of the nature of the test in the following manner:

 
a) at the offices of Local 28;
 
b) by mail in response to inquiries and requests made by mail;
 
c) in bulk to plaintiffs, City Department of Employment, the New York State Employment Service, Recruitment and Training Program, Inc., Fight Back, and the other governmental or community agencies listed in Appendix A as amended from time to time.

 Completed applications for the test shall be accepted by mail or delivery in person at the offices of Local 28. Local 28 may establish, with the approval of the Administrator, a suitable cut-off date for the acceptance of applications. Local 28 may establish a fee for the taking of the "hands-on" journeyman test consistent with the cost of administering such a test. Such fee shall be provisionally, $25.00. Local 28 may apply to the Administrator for an increase upon good cause shown. Applicants shall be informed, in writing, as to the place of examination with instructions as to how to reach the place and/or a map indicating its location.

 13. The "hands-on" journeyman test shall be graded by a Board of Examiners consisting of three members knowledgeable in Sheet Metal. Said Board shall be comprised of a representative chosen by Local 28, a representative chosen by the Administrator, and a representative chosen by the Plaintiffs and the State Division of Human Rights. Such Board shall act by majority vote. Said Board of Examiners shall employ the passing grade level developed pursuant to the validation procedures set forth in Paragraph 9. All applicants shall be advised of their status by first class mail within 30 days of the test. Non-whites who fail the test shall be advised of their possible eligibility for advanced standing in the apprenticeship program.

 14. (a) A qualified non-white applicant who passes the test and is physically fit to perform sheet metal work shall be admitted to journeyman status in Local 28 within 60 days of the test unless the applicant elects to defer admission pursuant to Paragraph 19.

 (b) A qualified white applicant who passes the test and is physically fit to perform sheet metal work shall be admitted to journeyman status in Local 28 in accordance with the following procedures:

 (i) no later than 30 days prior to the test the parties shall attempt to agree on an appropriate ratio of non-whites to whites to be admitted to journeyman status. This ratio will be established with the purpose of fairly implementing the interim and final goals set forth in Paragraphs 1 and 2 but in no event shall said ratio be less than one non-white for every white. If no agreement is reached by the time specified, the Administrator shall establish the ratio within 15 days thereafter.

 (ii) in accordance with the above ratio white applicants shall be admitted on the basis of the highest scores achieved on the "hands-on" journeyman test;

 (c) To the best of their ability the parties and the Administrator shall endeavor to set forth on the application form the most accurate estimate of the opportunities available to whites based on the number of preferred candidates pursuant to Paragraph 7(b), the number of expected non-white candidates, and past experience.

 15. Commencing January 1, 1976 there shall be established a program for admission to Local 28 journeyman membership of non-whites who have had four years experience obtained in the United States or elsewhere, in sheet metal work or employment reasonably related or similar to sheet metal work, including experience in the Armed Forces, or vocational training related to the skills of a sheet metal worker. Persons eligible for admission under this program must,

 
a) be a resident of New York City, or the counties of Nassau (N.Y.) Suffolk (N.Y.) Westchester (N.Y.), Bergen (N.J.) Passaic (N.J.) Essex (N.J.) Union (N.J.) or Hudson (N.J.) for six (6) months prior to application; and
 
b) be age 18 or over; and
 
c) be physically fit to perform sheet metal work; and
 
d) establish to the satisfaction of a majority of a board of three members knowledgeable in sheet metal work, comprised of a representative chosen by Local 28, a representative chosen by the Administrator, and a representative chosen by the plaintiffs and the State Division of Human Rights that the applicant has the requisite sheet metal experience; and
 
e) be a citizen or lawful permanent resident alien legally entitled to work in the United States.

 The Administrator, after due consultation with all the parties, shall establish procedures for application to this program, for investigation and verification of the criteria set forth in subparagraphs (a) through (e), and for the timing and conditions of admission. Appropriate publicity for the program shall be undertaken at the direction and with the approval of the Administrator.

 16. (a) Upon proper application, a non-white eligible for admission to journeyman membership in Local 28 pursuant to Paragraphs 5 through 15 or Paragraph 35(e) of this Program may request of Local 28's Executive Board that the Local 28 initiation fee be reduced pursuant to the provisions of Paragraph 22(d) of the Order and Judgment. Within 5 days of receipt of such application, the Local 28 Executive Board shall render a decision on the application in writing and notify the applicant, the Administrator and the parties of the disposition of the application (the notification to the Administrator and the parties shall include the name and address of the applicant). If such application is denied in whole or in part, or is not acted upon within five days of its receipt by the Executive Board of Local 28, an application may be made to the Administrator who shall either grant or deny the request in writing after duly considering all the factors set forth in Paragraph 22(d) of the Order and Judgment. In considering such an application the Administrator may require the submission of such information, documents, or other data from either Local 28 or the applicant as he deems necessary.

 (b) Upon proper application a non-white eligible for admission to journeyman membership in Local 28 pursuant to Paragraphs 5 through 15 or Paragraph 35(e) may request of the Local 28 Executive Board that payment of the Local 28 initiation fee commerce with employment and be payable on a pro rated basis, each payment not exceeding 10% of the net check, and payable only during periods of employment until the fee is paid. Within 5 days of the receipt of such application the Local 28 Executive Board shall render a decision on the application in writing and notify the applicant, the Administrator and all parties of the disposition of the application (the notification to the Administrator and the parties shall include the applicant's name and address). If such application is denied in whole or in part or not acted upon within 5 days of its receipt by the Executive Board of Local 28, an application may be made to the Administrator who shall either grant or deny the application in writing. The decisions of the Executive Board of Local 28 and the Administrator shall be made having duly considered the financial circumstances of the applicant.

 17. (a) At any time after an application pursuant to Paragraph 16 has been pending with the Administrator for more than 5 days a non-white eligible for admission to journeyman membership in Local 28 pursuant to Paragraph 5 through 15 or Paragraph 35(e) of this Program shall be admitted conditionally to journeyman membership upon payment of $56 dollars and one month's dues pending the determination of the Administrator which shall be made within 30 days of the date of the application to the Administrator. During such conditional membership an applicant will be entitled to all the rights and privileges of regular journeyman membership.

 (b) If a conditional member is terminated without becoming a regular journeyman member of Local 28 he shall be entitled to a return of any dues paid in advance for any month in which he was not employed and, if he was not employed during his conditional membership, he shall also be entitled to a return of any payment made toward the initiation fee.

 18. The granting of any application pursuant to Paragraph 16 shall not diminish any rights or privileges accruing to journeyman membership in Local 28.

 19. A person eligible for admission pursuant to Paragraphs 5 through 14 shall be permitted to defer such admission for up to six months from the time he is first entitled to be admitted. During such period, a person who has elected to defer may apply to the Administrator for further deferral of admission for up to another 12 months. If an applicant invokes his right of deferral he shall be admitted, on the same terms and conditions as he was previously entitled, within 30 days of written notice to Local 28 that he seeks to be admitted.

 20. Local 28 shall issue "permits" or "identification slips" only with the express written consent of the Administrator, and pursuant to Paragraph 22(f) of the Order and Judgment.

 Apprentice Program

 21. The Local 28 Joint Apprenticeship Committee ("JAC") shall maintain an apprentice program of four years duration or less. The terms and conditions of the apprentice program shall be as set forth in the Collective Bargaining Agreement ("Standard Form of Union Agreement . . . between Local . . . and Sheet Metal Contractors."), the Local 28 Joint Apprenticeship Trust and Indenture, and the rules and regulations thereunder except where modified by the Order and Judgment, the provisions of this Program, or order of the Administrator pursuant to his powers under the Order and Judgment.

 22. The apprentice program shall indenture no less than 300 apprentices by July 1, 1976 of which no less than 100 apprentices shall be indentured by February 2, 1976. No less than 200 apprentices shall be indentured in each year thereafter up to and including 1981. Said numbers shall include those apprentices admitted with advanced standing. The JAC may indenture apprentices in two separate classes during a year.

 23. Apprentices shall be assigned for employment in a ratio of not less than one apprentice for every four journeymen working of the aggregate journeymen employed. Seniority shall not be a criterion for employment, and apprentices shall be rotated for employment where necessary and feasible. The JAC shall make every effort to provide apprentices with classroom instruction, including evenings and Saturdays where necessary, during periods of unemployment, and shall credit such hours toward fulfillment of apprenticeship requirements. The JAC may authorize the accelerated advancement or graduation of any apprentice as it deems proper.

 24. Upon successful completion of the Apprenticeship Program, apprentices shall be promptly admitted to full journeyman membership upon payment of the balance due of the initiation fee, if any, which upon application to the Local 28 Executive Board, may be paid on an installment basis for good cause shown, and subject to the procedures contained in Paragraph 16.

 25. Applications shall be made available to and accepted from any qualified candidate. A qualified candidate is defined as follows: any person who is deemed physically fit for sheet metal work and who has or will have attained the age of 18 years by the date of indenture of the next scheduled apprentice class and who is not older than 25 years of age (for veterans of active military duty the age limit is extended one year for each year of such duty up to the age of 30) and for non-whites not over the age of 35 applying for advanced standing, and who is a citizen or permanent resident alien. For the apprentice aptitude test to be administered in November, 1975 only, JAC may require proof of completion of a tenth grade course of education. The JAC shall validate the tenth grade requirement before said requirement may be imposed for subsequent examinations.

 26. With the approval of the Administrator, JAC shall develop a standardized application form for the Apprentice Program. The application form shall include information about the date of the next class of apprentices to be indentured, and shall require only the following information of the applicant:

 
a) Name, address and telephone number:
 
b) Birth date and age:
 
c) Social Security number;
 
d) Extent of education;
 
e) Sex;
 
f) Race or ethnic classification; (with a notation that this information is required solely for the purposes of compliance with federal anti-discriminations statutes);
 
g) military service;
 
h) convictions and pending criminal charges.
 
i) Citizenship or lawful permanent resident alien status.

 27. Application forms for the Local 28 JAC Apprentice Program shall be available at the offices of the JAC during normal business hours and at the offices of the organizations listed in Appendix A at least 60 days before an examination. Application forms shall be made available by mail upon written request. Completed applications shall be accepted in person or by mail at the offices of the JAC. There shall be a filing fee of no more than $15.00. Application forms shall be made freely available to any governmental employment office and minority community organizations not listed in Appendix A upon request. The time for filing applications for a particular apprentice test may be closed by the JAC at a reasonable time (not to exceed three weeks) before the date of the examination.

 28. An apprentice aptitude test shall be given on December 13, 1975 and at least once yearly thereafter at a date, time and location approved by the Administrator. The test shall consist of the following professionally developed and validated components: (1) a basic "read and follow directions" test designed to ascertain an applicant's ability to master and understand those written and verbal instructions, directions, and other communications necessary to participate in the Apprentice Program at the first year level; and (2) a mechanical comprehension test similar in substance and scope to that mechanical comprehension test administered by JAC in April 1969. There shall be professionally developed and validated a qualifying score on the "read and follow directions" test designed to reflect the minimum ability necessary to participate in the Apprentice Program at the first year level. The JAC may apply to the Administrator to give a math test as part of the apprentice aptitude test, and such test may be given upon good cause shown. Such math test shall be professionally developed and validated as to content and qualifying score in such manner as to reflect the minimum ability necessary to participate in the Apprentice Program at the first year level.

 29. Within three weeks of the administration of an apprentice entrance test, JAC shall provide the Administrator and all parties with:

 
(a) the names, race identification, raw scores and rank of all candidates on all tests; and
 
(b) the mean and median scores on all tests of all identifiable racial and ethnic groups among the candidates.

 30. Persons selected to be indentured as apprentices pursuant to Paragraph 22 shall be selected in accordance with a ratio of non-whites-to-whites which shall be established by agreement of the parties within 30 days prior to the tests, or by the Administrator within 15 days thereafter if the parties fail to agree. *fn3" This ratio will be established with the purpose of fairly implementing the interim and final goals set forth in Paragraphs 1 and 2 but in no event shall said ratio be less than one to one. For the purpose of assuring that white applicants are accorded an opportunity to be accepted into the Apprentice Program in reasonable numbers, the parties and the Administrator shall use their best efforts to assure that the total population of the program shall not exceed 60% non-white individuals, and that an individual term or class shall not exceed 70% non-white individuals.

 31. In fulfillment of JAC's and Local 28's obligations under Paragraphs 22 and 30, apprentices chosen means of the apprenticeship entrance test shall be selected from those who meet or exceed the qualifying score on the "read and follow directions" test in the following manner:

 
(a) the white apprentices shall be selected on the basis of the highest scores received on the mechanical comprehension test among the white eligible qualified candidates;
 
(b) the non-white apprentices shall be selected on the basis of the highest scores received on the mechanical comprehension test among non-white eligible qualified candidates subject to the provisions of paragraph 35.

 32. Persons selected for the Apprentice Program may be required to appear for orientation and a physical examination prior to being indentured. The cost of physical examinations are to be borne one half by successful applicants and one half by the JAC. Additional persons may be invited to orientation and a physical examination by Local 28 JAC if that appears desirable. Persons selected in accordance with the above procedures shall be indentured as apprentices unless such indenturing is waived by them, or they are certified physically unable to perform sheet metal work by medical practitioner licensed in New York State.

 Advanced Apprentices

 33. There shall be established by the JAC procedures for the admission and advanced placement in the Apprentice Program of non-white apprentices who have experience in sheet metal work or trade education but cannot perform at journeyman level. Applicants for advanced placement shall have at least six months experience in sheet metal work or trade education, be physically fit and shall be not less than 18 years old or more than 35 years old by the date of indenture of the next scheduled apprentice class. For such person applying to be indentured in February and July, 1976 only, the JAC may require proof of completion of a tenth grade course of education by that date. Such requirement must be validated for subsequent utilization.

 34. The Training Coordinator of JAC shall evaluate the experience of all applicants for advanced standing and shall make placement to the appropriate grade level. The grade level assigned shall be conditional for a period to be determined by the coordinator, not exceeding three months, based upon classroom work and on the job performance. Applicants who challenge the grade level assigned shall be advised of their right to appeal to the Administrator.

 35. a) The Administrator shall determine the number of advanced apprentices to be admitted from the lists resulting from each test, based upon the needs of the apprenticeship program at any given time and the number of applicants eligible for advanced standing as certified by the coordinator.

 b) Apprentices who meet the requirements of Paragraph 33 shall be selected for advanced standing in the following manner:

 (i) those whose ranking on the apprenticeship aptitude examination qualifies them for acceptance into the apprenticeship program pursuant to Paragraphs 22 and 30 shall be selected in accordance with their ranking and admitted with advanced standing, subject to the number determined by the Administrator pursuant to subdivision (a) of this paragraph.

 (ii) if there are insufficient apprentices who qualify for advanced standing selected by the procedure contained in subdivision (b)(i) of this paragraph to satisfy the number determined by the Administrator, additional apprentices to reach this number shall be selected in ranked order, from those who are over 25 years of age and whose score on the apprenticeship aptitude examination places them below the number otherwise selected pursuant to Paragraph 22.

 c) The number of apprentices admitted with advanced standing under subdivision (b)(i) of this paragraph shall be included in the number of apprentices selected pursuant to Paragraph 22 and computed in the total of non-white apprentices selected on the basis of the ratio established pursuant to Paragraph 30. The numbers of apprentices admitted with advanced standing under subdivision (b)(ii) of this paragraph shall not be included in the number of apprentices selected pursuant to Paragraph 22 or computed in the total of non-white apprentices selected on the basis of the ratio established pursuant to Paragraph 30.

  d) An advanced apprentice shall be entitled to all rights, privileges and other benefits including work referral, pay, instruction, and supervision accruing to regular apprentices at the same level of training.

  e) Apprentices admitted with advanced standing pursuant to Paragraphs 33 through 35 who successfully complete the apprenticeship program may make the applications provided for in Paragraph 16 of this Program.

  f) Advanced apprentices assigned for work may be utilized to satisfy City and City-assisted contract requirements for the employment of minority trainees.

  36. The coordinator shall develop a pre-examination study group program so as to familiarize all applicants for the Apprenticeship Program with the type of test that they will be given. All applicants shall be notified in writing at least two weeks in advance of the apprentice test that the study program is available to them. Such notice shall contain the date, time, and location of the study group meetings. The meetings shall be held in the evening after 6:30 P.M. Within two weeks of the effective date of this Affirmative Action Program, the Coordinator shall submit a detailed program including but not limited to teaching methodology, program materials, and organization of the groups.

  Records

  37. In addition to any other records or lists required to be maintained under the terms of this Program or the Order and Judgment, Local 28 and JAC, as the case may be, shall maintain separately for whites and non-whites, records and lists containing the following information, beginning with the effective date of this Program.

  
a) Persons who request an application for or apply to take the "hands-on" journeyman's test described in Paragraphs 5 and 8;
  
b) Persons who take the "hands-on" journeyman's test described in Paragraphs 5 and 8;
  
c) Persons who pass the "hands-on" journeyman's test described in Paragraphs 5 and 8;
  
d) Persons who applied for journeyman admission on the basis of experience, described in Paragraph 15;
  
e) Persons who are admitted, and those rejected, for journeyman membership on the basis of experience, described in Paragraph 15;
  
f) Persons who seek or apply to transfer into Local 28 from an affiliated sister local union;
  
g) Persons who inquire of Local 28 about the possibility of transferring into Local 28 from an affiliated sister local union;
  
h) Persons who inquire of Local 28 as to the availability of work opportunities with or through Local 28, including but not limited to inquiry about or seeking "permits" or "identification slips";
  
i) Persons to whom "permits" or identification slips" are issued or work opportunities with or through Local 28 are otherwise made available.
  
j) Persons who contact Local 28 or JAC seeking sheet metal work;
  
k) Persons who are employed as sheet metal workers or apprentices by Local 28 contractors.
  
l) Persons working in sheet metal shops at the time they are organized by Local 28;
  
m) Persons who are reinstated to journeyman membership or to the Apprentice Program;
  
n) Non-whites who apply for advanced standing in the apprenticeship program described in Paragraphs 33-35;
  
o) Non-whites who are granted advance standing in the apprenticeship program and the standing granted as described in Paragraphs 33-35;

  The records and lists specified in subsection (a) through (o) of this Paragraph shall contain the name, address, race, or national origin, union affiliation, if any, of each individual listed therein, as well as the date of the application, test, inquiry, contact, or employment (and the name of the contractor, where applicable), and the disposition with reasons, of each such application, test, inquiry, contact or employment. Copies of these records and lists shall be submitted to counsel for the parties and the Administrator at least once every three months.

  Said records and lists may exclude telephonic requests for information. However, telephoners should be informed that their requests should be made in writing, and a form for this purpose shall be sent to the telephoner.

  38. Local 28 or JAC, as the case may be shall submit the following data to the Administrator and parties at the time specified.

  
a) the name and race identity of persons admitted into (i) journeyman status in Local 28 or (ii) apprentice status in the Apprentice Program, within 5 days of such admission;
  
b) on January 1 and July 1 of each year the total number of (i) journeyman members of Local 28, (ii) pensioner members of Local 28 (as defined in Paragraph 2), and (iii) apprentices. Such reports shall include the percentage of non-whites in each group.

  39. The JAC shall maintain complete records of all applications and other material concerned with the selection and work records of apprentices. These records shall include but not be limited to an applicant log for each examination showing the name, race, date of birth of each applicant, dates of completion of each step in the application procedure, disposition of each step in the application procedure, and disposition of each application. All such records shall be made available for inspection and copying by the plaintiffs at reasonable intervals during normal working hours or at other mutually convenient times. In addition, records shall be submitted to the Administrator and plaintiffs as follows:

  a) Prior to each apprentice entrance test and within 7 days of the closing of the application procedure the JAC shall submit a report including the following information for each person who filed or requested an application for that apprentice examination: name, address, telephone number and race or national origin, if known for those who request applications.

  b) Within 20 days after indenturing a class of apprentices the JAC shall provide a report of the names and ethnic classification of all persons who were rejected during the application and testing period and the reason therefore and the names of all persons whose application became inactive and the reason therefore.

  c) Every six months subsequent to the indenturing of a class of apprentices the JAC shall furnish a report giving the names of all non-white apprentices, the (names) of contractors to which each was referred and the number of hours worked.

  d) The Joint Apprenticeship Committee shall furnish the names of any non-white apprentices who are dropped from the Apprentice Program. Said information shall be furnished within twenty days from the date action is taken by the Joint Apprenticeship Committee. Said report shall contain the reason why the individual was dropped from the program and the steps taken by the Joint Apprenticeship Committee to retain the individual in the program. The report shall also include the training and employment history of the individual while he was in the program. The Joint Apprenticeship Committee shall furnish the names of all non-white apprentices who leave the program other than by action of the JAC. Such report shall contain the reason the apprentice has left the program as ascertained by an exit interview diligently attempted. Said information shall be furnished within twenty days from the time the JAC is notified that the apprentice has left the program.

  40. All records and lists required to be compiled by this Program shall be maintained for ten years and shall be made available for inspection and copying by the parties and the Administrator on reasonable notice during regular business hours or at other mutually convenient time without further order of the court.

  Advertising and Publicity

  41. The parties shall use their best efforts to disseminate accurate information to the non-white community of opportunities within Local 28 and the Local 28 apprentice program.

  42. Prior to each "hands-on" journeyman's test and apprentice entrance test, at a time to be selected by the Administrator to insure full coverage and effectiveness Local 28 (in the case of the "hands-on" journeyman's examination) and JAC (in the case of apprentice entrance tests) shall undertake a program of advertising and publicity, under the overall supervision of the Administrator, designed to inform the non-white community in New York City of the date, location, and nature of such examinations, the qualifications therefore and the opportunities available upon successful completion of the test. Additionally, the overall apprenticeship recruiting and publicity campaign shall include a component limited toward advanced apprentices. These campaigns may include print and electronic media, dissemination of material to community, government and minority organizations. The City of New York may provide space and opportunities for such publicity.

  43. By March 1, 1976 Local 28 and JAC shall provide to the Administrator and the other parties a written plan of an effective general publicity campaign designed to inform the non-white community in New York City of non-discriminatory opportunities in Local 28 and the Local 28 apprentice program as provided in the Order and Judgment and this Program. The other parties shall have 30 days to comment upon the written plan and the Administrator, having considered all submissions, shall revise the plan if he deems necessary and shall order it into effect by May 1, 1976.

  Work Referral

  44. The Administrator shall conduct a study of the present Local 28 work referral system as described in the written statement submitted pursuant to Paragraph 21(g) of the Order and Judgment. This study shall be completed by June 15, 1976 and the Administrator shall submit to the parties such recommendations he deems necessary to assure that non-whites do not bear a disproportionate share of unemployment.

  Resolution of Disputes

  45. a) The Administrator shall hear and determine all complaints concerning the operation of the Order and Judgment and this Program and shall decide any questions of interpretation and claims of violations of the Order and Judgment and the Program, acting either on his own initiative or at the request of any party herein or any interested person. All decisions of the Administrator shall be in writing and shall be appealable to the Court.

  b) Any party or any individual affected by this Program may make a complaint to the Administrator within thirty days after the situation complained of arises. The Administrator shall give the parties notice of such a complaint within five days and, where a hearing is in his discretion warranted, expeditiously schedule such hearing.

  General Provisions

  46. The union and the JAC shall post conspicuous notices, in language and at locations approved by the Administrator, advising individuals of their rights under this Program within 60 days after the Program is approved by the Court.

  47. Nothing contained in the Program should be construed as preventing the Executive Board from adopting portions of the Program for the benefit of whites and other minorities provided that such plans do not interfere with the operation of this Program.

  48. Except as modified, changed or amended by the terms of this Program or order of the Administrator, Local 28 and JAC shall not change, modify or amend any aspect of the operation or content of the Apprentice Program, or the conditions or terms upon which an individual shall become a member of the Apprentice Program of Local 28 or entitled to work within the jurisdiction of Local 28.

  49. At any time, any of the parties herein may apply to the Administrator and then to the Court for the purpose of seeking additional orders to insure the full and effective implementation of the terms and intent of this Program.

  Dated: New York, New York

  November 12, 1975

  s/ David Raff

  DAVID RAFF, ESQ.

  Administrator

  SO ORDERED.

  s/ HENRY F. WERKER

  U.S.D.J.

  Dated: November 13, 1975

  [Filed November 25, 1975]

  APPENDIX A

  New York State Division of Employment (Department of Labor)

  Department of Employment of the City of New York

  Bureau of Labor Services of the City of New York

  Recruitment and Training Program, Inc.

  Fight Back

  Asian Americans for Equal Employment

  Black Economic Survival

  Regional Neighborhood Manpower Service Centers of New York City

  New York City Board of Education (Public High School and Evening Trade Division)

  Williamsburg Coalition

  New York Urban League

  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

  Puerto Rican Community Development Project

  National Association for Puerto Rican Civil Rights

  Citywide Coalition of Black, Hispanic, and Asians in Construction

  New York Project Equality

  Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

  Opportunities Industrialization Center of New York, Inc.

  Bedford-Stuyvesant Restoration Corp.

  New York City Human Rights Commission*

  New York State Division of Human Rights*

  MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

  WERKER, District Judge.

  The court has read and considered the Affirmative Action Program submitted by the Administrator, the objections submitted by Local 28, the JAC, the City, and the E.E.O.C. together with all appendices and replies to each other's objections which were filed in court before 3 p.m. on October 17, 1975.

  The following are the observations and rulings of the court which the Administrator is directed to implement by amendment and modification of the Program as submitted. References are to sections of the Program unless otherwise noted. Sections which are not otherwise mentioned are approved by implication.

  1. Section 1 is approved.

  2. Section 2. While the court's order and judgment did not set interim goals it was hoped that the parties could agree upon such goals as would realistically result in the ultimate percentage at the deadline. The court finds that the proposed goals are not excessive and are consequently approved. The suggestions of counsel for Local 28 are rejected as being the same type of approach to this problem as has been taken by the Union over the last ten years and which has resulted in a mere 4% non-white membership.

  To the extent that pensioners are defined in the Program that definition is adopted by the court. Without discounting the political effect which the non-working pensioners' votes may have, it is the court's rationale that the Programs's goals should be primarily addressed to the work force rather than the internal operations of the Union. To do otherwise might create constitutional issues which have no place in this Program or litigation. It is the court's belief that ultimately the Union membership, including pensioners, will recognize the rights of non-whites and the fact that those rights must be enforced regardless of the cost to the courts or the governments involved in order to secure to all working people those rights which the Constitution has guaranteed.

  3. Sections 3(b) and 15. There is an implied assumption on the part of Local 28 that the Program may be dragged out until the penultimate date and that it need not diligently and forcefully attempt to achieve the ultimate goal at an earlier date. Nothing is further from the contemplation of the court. If that goal can be reached in 1, 2 or 3 years then it should be so reached. This is why the court adopts the proposals contained in the above-numbered paragraphs. Defendant Local 28's claim that no necessity or desirability has been shown and that the proposal is premature is, for the reason above stated, as well as the whole purpose of the litigation, misguided. All avenues are opened by the opinion and should remain open until the goal is reached. To the extent that this was labeled an option in the opinion, it was an option open to non-whites. If a sufficient number can be found who are qualified they should be admitted. Since the program is prospective, no one can now know how many non-whites there are who are qualified under these paragraphs.

  There would appear to be no reason for an age limit qualification other than the age of 18.

  The court adopts the proposal for a tripartite examining board.

  If it be true that many of the present membership reside outside the limits of New York City there is no reason why applicants should be restricted to New York City. The residency requirement should be increased to six (6) months to assure bona fide residency. Throughout the Program the qualifications should include a requirement of citizenship or an alien status which legally permits work in the United States.

  4. Sections 4(b) and 33-36. These sections are approved except as noted below. What was said about goals in paragraphs 1 and 2 hereof is also applicable here.

  Paragraph 33(b) should be deleted to the extent that it does not require examination. It appears to the court that all applicants should be required to take the aptitude test. It should not be left to conjecture as to whether the applicant has the aptitude to become a journeyman. If he does not pass the aptitude test there would appear to be no reason why he should be placed in an advanced position in the apprenticeship program. Furthermore all those placed in an advanced position should be so placed conditionally based upon classroom work and on job performance for a period to be determined by the coordinator not exceeding three months.

  Section 36 should not be deleted. It should be broadened to provide that nothing contained in the Program should be construed as preventing the Executive Board from adopting portions of the Program for the benefit of whites and other minorities provided that such plans do not interfere with the operation of this Program.

  5. Sections 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 are approved.

  6. Section 10 is approved except with respect to age which shall be fixed at 18 ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.