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MICROTRAN CO. v. MIDCOM
June 14, 1976
MICROTRAN COMPANY, INC., Plaintiff,
MIDCOM, INC., Defendant
The opinion of the court was delivered by: BRUCHHAUSEN
BRUCHHAUSEN, District Judge.
This action was commenced by a corporation, organized and doing business pursuant to the laws of the State of New York, against a foreign corporation, organized and doing business pursuant to the laws of the State of Minnesota. The action is one alleging violations of the federal copyright laws.
The defendant prior to interposing its answer moves for an order dismissing the action for lack of proper venue and personal jurisdiction or, in the alternative, to transfer to the District Court of Minnesota.
The basis of plaintiff's jurisdiction is pursuant to the Long-Arm Statute, CPLR Sect. 302(a)(3)(ii). The instant action, commenced by service upon the defendant in Minnesota pursuant to said section permits the exercise of jurisdiction over a non-domiciliary where he commits:
"3. * * * a tortious act without the state causing injury to person or property within the state, * * * if he
"(i) regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent cause of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered, in the state, or
"(ii) expects or should reasonably expect the act to have consequences in the state and derives substantial revenue from interstate or international commerce."
Venue for copyright actions is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1400(a) which provides:
"Civil actions, suits, or proceedings arising under any Act of Congress relating to copyrights may be instituted in the district in which the defendant or his agent resides or may be found."
In Kogan v. Longstreet, 374 F. Supp. 47, the court held in part at page 50:
"As a practical matter, the test for determining whether a non-resident corporation or its agent is 'found' within a district, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1400(a), is the same as that for determining whether a corporation is amenable to suit in a jurisdiction other than that in which it is incorporated. Cases cited."
The court further held in part at pages 50-51:
"It has also been recognized that the copyright statute does not require a stronger finding of presence with its reference to 'may be found' than is usually required in order to obtain jurisdiction over a corporate defendant. Boltons Trading Corporation v. Killiam, 320 F. Supp. 1182 (S.D.N.Y., 1970). In other words, the standard is the same whether jurisdiction is determined with reference to the relevant state long-arm statute or with reference to the copyright statute."
In the case at bar, the pleadings and exhibits establish that the plaintiff has fulfilled the elements of ...
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