UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
July 13, 1976
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
REGINALD SATTERFIELD, RONALD WESTON and JAMES ARNOLD BYRD, Defendants
The opinion of the court was delivered by: KNAPP
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
On reargument the government has asked us to reconsider findings #1 and #2 to the extent that they indicate that Satterfield's emotional condition at D.E.A. headquarters was such as to prevent him from comprehending or intelligently waiving his rights. As is readily apparent from the opinion, our attention was not primarily focused on the events of Friday, April 16, but on Monday, April 19. Having reviewed the record concerning Friday's events, we have come to the conclusion that our original view of them was incorrect. To be sure, the defendant was under emotional stress and -- by crying and whimpering -- demonstrated that stress more than most people who have been arrested. However, his conduct, as revealed by the agents' testimony as well as his own, would not appear to be that of a man who did not comprehend the meaning of what was being said or of his own responses thereto.
Accordingly, findings #1 and #2 are modified simply to establish that Miranda warnings were given and that the agents advised Satterfield of the indictment. It follows that finding #3 is modified simply to indicate that the warnings and information about the indictment were repeated by the Assistant United States Attorney. No further modification of the original decision is required, since all three statements will be suppressed for the reason stated under the heading "discussion".
The government's motion is granted to the extent indicated above and is denied in all other respects.
WHITMAN KNAPP, U.S.D.J.
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