Appeal from a decision of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, Hon. Leonard B. Sand, Judge, granting the motion of plaintiffs Vaughan and Buddine for summary judgment, and granting the defendants' motion for summary judgment with respect to plaintiff Fraser. Affirmed.
Before Lumbard and Mulligan, Circuit Judges, and Spears*fn*, District Judge.
Plaintiffs Thomas Vaughan, James Buddine and William Fraser, three disabled metal lathers, brought this action against defendants-appellants, the Metal Lathers Local 46 Pension Fund ("Plan"), John Pregenzer, Fund Director, the Trustees of the Metal Lathers Local 46 Pension Fund ("Trustees"), and the Metal Lathers Local Union 46 and certain officers thereof in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York challenging the denial of pension disability benefits to them by the Trustees of the Plan. The Trustees had denied their applications for disability benefits for failure to comply with a 1977 amendment to the Plan which requires that an applicant for a disability pension earn two pension credits immediately preceding the calendar quarter in which he became totally disabled. The facts of this case are more fully set forth in the opinion of the district court below, Hon. Leonard B. Sand, Judge, reported at 474 F. Supp. 613 (D.C.1979). There Judge Sand held that plaintiffs Vaughan and Buddine were entitled to disability pension benefits, having satisfied the requirements of the 1977 amendment to the Plan, and accordingly granted Vaughan's and Buddine's motion for summary judgment. The court also granted summary judgment in favor of the defendants and against Fraser on the ground that Fraser had failed to meet the "two credit" requirement.
Defendants-appellants appeal from the judgment of the district court with respect to plaintiffs Vaughan and Buddine. Fraser appeals from the denial of his motion for summary judgment and the granting of the defendants' motion for summary judgment against him. We affirm the judgment of the district court for the reasons stated in Judge Sand's opinion. 474 F. Supp. at 618-20. However, we address one further point raised by Fraser, i. e., that the application of the "two credit" amendment to him would be arbitrary and capricious based on this court's recent decisions in Agro v. Joint Plumbing Industry Board, 623 F.2d 207, slip op. 2359 (2d Cir. Apr. 11, 1980) and Valle v. Joint Plumbing Industry Board, 623 F.2d 196, (2d Cir. Apr. 11, 1980).
We find that Agro and Valle are distinguishable from the instant situation. Both cases involved retired plumbers who were denied retirement pension benefits by the Plumbing Industry Board on the ground that they did not satisfy a 1966 amendment to the pension plan which required that a participant in the plan work fifteen consecutive years for contributing employers immediately prior to his application for benefits. This court, in holding that the application of the new eligibility requirements to the participants involved was arbitrary and capricious, identified a number of factors which should be considered in making that determination. They include:
the extent to which the applicant was an intended beneficiary of the plan, the extent to which the amendment retroactively strips the beneficiary of significant service credit, the extent to which the trustees have notified the employee of these and other changes in rules, and the extent to which there is actuarial justification for denying benefits in the particular case.
Valle v. Joint Plumbing Industry Board, supra, at 203; see Agro v. Joint Plumbing Industry Board, supra, at 210.
In Agro and Valle, the court found that each of the plaintiffs was an intended beneficiary of the pension fund at issue since each had been a union member for 30 years or more. Moreover, the plaintiffs had each, prior to 1966, satisfied the eligibility rules for retirement benefits as they existed at that time. Finally, the court noted that the plaintiffs had also been unfairly prejudiced by the failure of the defendants to give plaintiffs adequate notice of the amendments to the pension plan.
In the instant case, however, while Fraser is clearly an intended beneficiary of retirement benefits, he was not at the time of the 1977 amendment to the Plan an intended beneficiary of disability pension benefits since he did not become disabled until one month after that amendment was instituted. Since the onset of disability is a purely contingent event, Fraser had no vested right to a disability pension at the time of the 1977 amendment. Further, Fraser has not been stripped retroactively of any service credit or right to normal retirement pension. The Trustees of the Plan have merely sought to limit eligibility for disability pensions to those persons who have an attachment to and continuity of employment in the metal lathing industry. Finally, as Judge Sand noted, the Trustees employed a reasonable method of notifying participants in the Plan of the 1977 amendment. 474 F. Supp. at 620.
Accordingly, the judgment of the district court ...