The opinion of the court was delivered by: DUFFY
Joseph Slevin brought this suit against defendants Pedersen Associates, Inc. and Jasmine Interior Design, Inc., both New York corporations engaged in the business of general carpentry, and Enok Pedersen, individually and as an officer, director and principal shareholder of both Pedersen Associates, Inc. and Jasmine Interior Design, Inc., to recover his twenty-five thousand dollar investment and punitive damages resulting from the defendants' alleged fraud and misrepresentations. Plaintiff's federal action is based on violations of the federal securities laws and pendent jurisdiction.
Slevin alleges that he was fraudulently induced by the defendants to invest $ 25,000 in a project designed to develop pre-fabricated homes on Margarita Island, off the coast of Venezuela. Slevin contends that this investment constitutes a "security" within the meaning of the federal securities law and that therefore plaintiff is entitled to relief in federal court for defendants' supposed violations of these laws. Defendants move for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(c) arguing that the interest acquired by Mr. Slevin was nothing more than a partnership interest and did not amount to a security. Plaintiff cross-moves for partial summary judgment on the security question.
In the Fall of 1976, Mr. Slevin met with his long-time friend Enok Pedersen to discuss the possibility of investing in Pedersen's plan to construct pre-fabricated houses on Margarita Island. Slevin alleges that Pedersen informed him that James Tagoni and Pedersen intended to construct over 5,000 houses on Margarita to respond to the island's housing needs. An investment of $ 25,000 was made by Slevin in return for a one-third share in the profits. Although legal counsel was available to him, Slevin Affidavit, P 9, the plaintiff never requested the issuance of stock certificates or even the reduction to writing of his arrangement with his friend. The parties agree that it was not anticipated at that time that the plaintiff would "contribute any additional money, services or labor to the venture." Affidavit of Enok Pedersen. This original intention, however, is refuted by plaintiff's subsequent actions.
A number of weeks after Slevin's investment, he was laid off from his job as an operating engineer. Slevin thereafter visited Pedersen's Long Island City, New York offices and voiced his displeasure with the delay on the Margarita project and the effort being exerted by Pedersen. The parties dispute the extent of Slevin's subsequent participation; Slevin disavows any involvement in the management of the project, while Pedersen asserts that plaintiff's contribution was substantial. It is assumed, therefore, that plaintiff's version of his activity as set forth in his affidavit quoted below describes at least the minimum level of his involvement.
7. When I saw that the project was not moving as represented to me, I gave Mr. Pedersen the name of a friend of mine, Mr. Berven, who had a trucking concern and who could arrange for delivery of certain materials purchased by Pedersen for the project from New York to Baltimore where they could be shipped to Venezuela. I gave Pedersen my friend's name since Pedersen apparently was not familiar with any truckers who could provide this service. In addition to giving Pedersen the name of Mr. Berven, I participated in physically loading the materials onto the trucks for shipment. That was the extent of my participation. I did not have anything to do with the purchase of these materials, making an inventory of the goods, supervising the loading of the materials or making of payments to Mr. Berven.
To the best of my recollection, I worked at Mr. Pedersen's office for a period of approximately three weeks and not on a daily basis during those weeks. I did not perform services through May of 1977 as Mr. Pedersen states in his affidavit, nor did I participate in the management of the project. My services consisted of physical labor and performing minor clerical functions.
9. In February of 1977, I did make a trip to Florida to load some material for use on the Margarita Island project. Pedersen and Tagoni had arranged for the purchase of materials from a corporation in Florida. They were also negotiating with various shipping agencies to have the materials shipped from Florida to Venezuela. I did not participate in any of these actions. When I saw that Pedersen was just not getting the material moved, I offered to go to Florida and load the material. I then went to Florida and physically loaded the materials purchased by Pedersen and Tagoni onto a truck. Someone else then arranged to have the material placed on a ship and sent to Venezuela. I had no participation in the purchasing of this material, payment for the material or disposition of the material and use of the material in Venezuela. My sole participation was to travel to Florida and physically load the material on trucks.
My sole participation in the project after making my investment was to provide physical labor in loading a truck in New York and loading a truck in Florida and to perform certain minor clerical services for Mr. Pedersen during a short period of time while I was laid off from my job.
Affidavit of Joseph D. Slevin.
Pedersen presents a different view of the facts. He alleges that Slevin became actively involved in the management of the Margarita project and that this participation was manifested by phone calls, travel, assistance in the transportation of supplies, sending of a money order and the recommendation of a trucking company. Whatever Slevin's services to the venture consisted of, he was not paid nor treated as an employee. He is not now seeking such wages nor apparently has he done so in the past.
The threshold inquiry in this case is whether Slevin has alleged facts sufficient to substantiate the application of the securities law to this case. Without the coverage of the securities law, plaintiff's complaint lacks federal question jurisdiction. As the complaint does not state facts sufficient to support diversity ...