Appeal from an order entered September 25, 1985 in the Southern District of New York, Lloyd F. MacMahon, District Judge, requiring broker's customers to arbitrate claims under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and pendent state law claims pursuant to customer agreements containing an arbitration clause, and staying litigation of an alleged RICO violation claim pending arbitration. Affirmed in part; reversed and remanded in part.
Before: FEINBERG, Chief Judge, and TIMBERS and NEWMAN, Circuit Judges.
Eugene McMahon and Julia A. McMahon ("appellants"), individually and as trustees for various pension and profit-sharing plans, appeal from that part of an order entered September 25, 1985 in the Southern District of New York, Lloyd F. MacMahon, District Judge, 618 F. Supp. 384, which required appellants to arbitrate their claims against Shearson/American Express, Inc. and its registered representative, Mary Ann McNulty, ("Shearson") for alleged violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 ("1934 Act") and state law claims of fraud and breach of fiduciary duties. Shearson appeals from that part of the order holding not arbitrable appellants' claim under the Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) (1982) ("RICO"). The district court stayed litigation of the RICO claim pending arbitration of the securities law and state law claims.
For the reasons set forth more fully below, under the settled law of the Circuit we hold that the district court erred in holding arbitrable appellants' claims under § 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. § 78j(b) (1982), and Rule 10b-5, 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5 (1985). The district court, however, was correct in holding the RICO claim to be non-arbitrable. Applying the decision of the Supreme Court in Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc. v. Byrd, 470 U.S. 213, 105 S. Ct. 1238, 84 L. Ed. 2d 158 (1985), we hold that arbitration of the precedent state law claims is required, even though bifurcated proceedings may result.
In short, we affirm in part, and reverse and remand in part.
The facts and prior proceedings are simple and straightforward.
Appellants, individually and as trustees for various pension and profit-sharing plans, commenced this action against Shearson, a brokerage firm, and its registered representative who handled appellants' accounts. Appellants alleged that the registered representative of Shearson, with its knowledge, had violated § 10(b) of the 1934 Act and Rule 10b-5 by churning appellants' accounts, making false statements and omitting material facts from the advice given appellants. Appellants also alleged a RICO claim and state law claims for fraud and breach of fiduciary duties.
On June 15, 1982 Julia McMahon entered into a customer agreement with Shearson which contained an arbitration clause providing in relevant part as follows:
"Unless unenforceable due to federal or state law, any controversy arising out of or relating to my accounts, to transactions with you for me or to this agreement or the breach thereof, shall be settled by arbitration in accordance with the rules, then in effect, of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. or the Board of Directors of the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. and/or the American Stock Exchange, Inc. as I may elect."
Relying on this clause, Shearson moved, pursuant to § 3 of the United States Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 3 (1982), to compel arbitration of all of appellants' claims. In the alternative, Shearson moved to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief could be granted and on other grounds, none of which is relevant in view of the district court's disposition of the motion to compel arbitration.
The district court rejected appellants' assertions that the customer agreement containing the arbitration clause is a contract of adhesion, that fraud is not an arbitrable issue, and that Shearson had waived its right to arbitrate. The court ordered arbitration of the § 10(b) and Rule 10b-5 claims, reasoning that recent Supreme Court decisions cast doubt on holding claims under the 1934 Act to be not arbitrable. In view of the important federal policies inherent in the enforcement of RICO by the federal courts, however, the court stayed litigation of that claim pending arbitration. The court ordered arbitration of the state law claims.
We shall examine first the district court's decision that the claims under § 10(b) and Rule 10b-5 are arbitrable. We shall then address the arbitrability ...