The opinion of the court was delivered by: ROBERT P. PATTERSON, JR.
ROBERT P. PATTERSON, JR., U.S.D.J.
On May 15, 1991 Plaintiff Peter Hurwitz ("Plaintiff") commenced this action against Defendant Joan Lear Sher ("Defendant") in Supreme Court, New York County seeking a declaration that he is the sole beneficiary of his father (the "Deceased")'s interest in the Algonquin Press, Inc. Employees Profit Sharing Plan (the "Plan"). On May 23, 1991 Defendant removed the action to this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331.
On June 4, 1991 Defendant filed a counterclaim seeking a declaration pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2201 that: (1) under the applicable provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act ("ERISA"), the Internal Revenue Code, the Treasury Regulations and § 6.2(d) of the Plan, she, as the spouse of the Deceased, is the rightful beneficiary of the Plan; and (2) that the provisions contained in an antenuptial agreement (the "Agreement") constitute neither a valid nor an effective waiver of her rights as beneficiary of the Plan. The parties each have moved for an order granting summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons set forth below, Defendant's motion is granted, and Plaintiff's motion is denied.
The Deceased, an attorney and chief executive officer of Algonquin Press, Inc., was the sole participant in the Plan, an ERISA employee benefit plan qualified under § 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code. The applicable provisions of the Plan provide that with respect to death benefits, the beneficiary shall be the participant's spouse, and in waiving any of these rights the spouse must acknowledge the effect of such waiver. These provisions of the Plan, §§ 6.2 (d) and (e), were added on November 17, 1986 to comply with 29 U.S.C. § 1055 of ERISA and 26 U.S.C. § 401 of the Internal Revenue Code. As amended, the Plan provisions provide the following:
(d) The Beneficiary of the death benefit payable pursuant to this Section shall be the Participant's spouse. Except, however, the Participant may designate a Beneficiary other than his spouse if:
(i) the spouse has waived his or her right to be the Participant's Beneficiary, or
(ii) the Participant has no spouse, or the spouse cannot be located.
(e) Any consent by the Participant's spouse to waive any rights to the death benefit must be in writing, must acknowledge the effect of such waiver, and be witnessed by a Plan representative or a notary public.
Sher Aff. in Supp., Exh. 5 at 3-4.
In 1988 the Deceased divorced his second wife.
On July 21, 1988, in connection with the divorce settlement but apparently prior to the divorce, the Deceased's second wife executed a spousal consent to the designation of Plaintiff as the beneficiary of the Deceased's interest in the Plan, thereby waiving her right to a death benefit provided under the Plan. The designation provided, "I consent to the selection of primary beneficiary indicated by my spouse in this form. I understand that I am waiving my right to a death benefit provided under the Plans in accordance with Federal Law by signing this consent." Sher Aff. in Supp., Exh. 3. This waiver complied with the applicable provisions of the Plan and ERISA. The written designation of Plaintiff as the beneficiary also contained the following provision signed by the Deceased:
I understand that if my marital status changes, I am to provide information relating to that change to the Plan Administrator as any change in my marital status could affect the benefits to be paid as a result of my death.
I understand that if I am married at the time of my death, my surviving spouse will receive the surviving spouse's death benefit from the Plans as required by law UNLESS she/he has completed and signed the Spousal Consent below and had such ...