UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
September 22, 1992
ALONZO J. TINSLEY, Petitioner,
ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES, Respondent.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: SHARON E. GRUBIN
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION TO THE HONORABLE KIMBA M. WOOD
SHARON E. GRUBIN, United States Magistrate Judge:
Petitioner pro se seeks a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 claiming that the 271 days of his presentence release under a bail bond must be credited to his sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b). As explained below, this claim is without merit, and the petition should therefore be dismissed.
On April 7, 1989 (one month after his arrest), petitioner was released on a $ 500,000 personal recognizance bond. See 18 U.S.C. § 3142. On September 27, 1989, he pleaded guilty to three counts of bank fraud, see 18 U.S.C. § 1344, and on December 20, 1989 Judge Shirley Wohl Kram of this court sentenced him to 37 months in the custody of the Bureau of Prisons, restitution of $ 1,693,106.96, an assessment of $ 100.00, and two years' supervised release. Petitioner was continued on bond until January 3, 1990, when he reported to the United States Marshals Service and began serving his sentence. On August 7, 1992, he was released from a halfway house and began his period of supervised release. Petitioner now seeks that his time on supervised release be reduced by the time he spent on release prior to the commencement of his custodial sentence.
Section 3585(b) of Title 18 provides that "[a] defendant shall be given credit toward the service of a term of imprisonment for any time he has spent in official detention prior to the date the sentence commences." 18 U.S.C.A. § 3585(b) (West 1985). Petitioner's claim that he must be given 271 days' credit under § 3585(b) is without merit because time spent while released on bond pending trial or sentence is not time spent "in official detention" within the meaning of § 3585(b). In United States v. Edwards, 960 F.2d 278 (2d Cir. 1992), the Second Circuit held that a defendant released on bail pending sentence is not "in official detention" and not entitled to sentencing credit under § 3585(b) even if he is "under electronic monitoring and largely restricted to his residence." Id. at 283. See Pinedo v. United States, 955 F.2d 12, 13-14 (5th Cir. 1992) (time spent on bail pending trial was not "in official detention" under § 3585(b)); United States v. Becak, 954 F.2d 386, 388 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 112 S. Ct. 2286 (1992) (appearance bond requirements that defendant reside at mother's, maintain job and keep curfew did not constitute "official detention" under § 3585(b)); United States v. Insley, 927 F.2d 185, 186-87 (4th Cir. 1991) (appeal bond's partial restriction of defendant to parent's house was not "official detention"); United States v. Roman, 770 F. Supp. at 230-32 (period of presentence release under personal recognizance bond does not entitle defendant to credit under § 3585(b)); United States v. Rasco, No. 88 Cr. 817 (CSH), 1991 U.S. Dist. Lexis 10365 at *11 n.2, 1991 WL 150525 at *4 n.2 (S.D.N.Y. July 26, 1991) ("'Official detention' within the meaning of § 3585(b) does not mean time spent on bail.") See also Mieles v. United States, 895 F.2d 887, 888 (2d Cir. 1990) (under predecessor to § 3585(b), which referred to "custody" rather than "official detention," "custody . . . means physical confinement" and does not include release on bail pending trial); United States v. Woods, 888 F.2d 653, 655 (10th Cir. 1989).
I therefore respectfully recommend that your Honor dismiss this petition.
The parties are hereby directed that if you have any objections to this Report and Recommendation you must, within ten (10) days from today, make them in writing, file them with the Clerk of the Court and send copies to the Honorable Kimba M. Wood, to the opposing party and to the undersigned. Failure to file objections within ten (10) days will preclude later appellate review of any order that will be entered by Judge Wood. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); Frank v. Johnson, 968 F.2d 298, 300 (2d Cir. 1992); Small v. Secretary of Health and Human Services, 892 F.2d 15, 16 (2d Cir. 1989) (per curiam); Wesolek v. Canadair Ltd., 838 F.2d 55, 58 (2d Cir. 1988); McCarthy v. Manson, 714 F.2d 234, 237 (2d Cir. 1983) (per curiam). See generally Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a), 6(e).
Dated: New York, New York
September 22, 1992
SHARON E. GRUBIN
United States Magistrate Judge