The opinion of the court was delivered by: WILLIAM C. CONNER
Plaintiffs Rhoda Grossbard and David Gordon bring this action pro se against President Container, Inc. ("PCI"), and Marvin and George Grossbard ("the Grossbards") individually and as executors of the estate of Rose Grossbard. Twelve years ago we dismissed this family dispute for lack of jurisdiction. Nothing has changed in the past twelve years to make us rule differently today. Hence defendants' current motion to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction is once again granted and the Complaint is dismissed with prejudice. Defendants' motion for sanctions under Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, however, is denied.
In 1981 plaintiff Rhoda Grossbard filed claims in this Court for breach of contract, false representation, conversion and duress in connection with the settlement of a prior dispute against PCI and the Grossbards. We dismissed the complaint on jurisdictional grounds for lack of diversity of citizenship.
In the twelve years since our first dismissal, plaintiff has filed similar complaints against the same defendants in New York and New Jersey state courts to no avail. Plaintiff now returns to this Court pro se with her son, David Gordon, as a second plaintiff. While the Complaint is at best confusing, it appears that plaintiffs are incorporating the original and amended complaints filed in New Jersey Superior Court and New Jersey Chancery Court, which assert claims for breach of contract and extortion and request an accounting of the estate of Rose Grossbard.
For the reasons discussed below, defendants' motion to dismiss is granted, but their motion for Rule 11 sanctions is denied.
I. Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Subject Matter Jurisdiction
A. Diversity Jurisdiction Under 28 U.S.C. § 1332
As explained in our prior opinion, we do not have subject matter jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 because there is not complete diversity of citizenship. Plaintiff Rhoda Grossbard is a citizen and resident of New York. Defendant PCI is incorporated in New York, and thus is also a citizen of New York. Hence there is no diversity and this Court lacks jurisdiction. See Grossbard v. President Container, Inc., No. 81-1704, slip op. at 3 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 21, 1981) (citing State Farm Fire & Casualty Co. v. Tashire, 386 U.S. 523, 530-31, 18 L. Ed. 2d 270, 87 S. Ct. 1199 (1967)).
In response, PCI submits Certification by the Secretary of State of the state of New York verifying PCI's status as a New York corporation, and a Certificate of Standing issued by the state of New Jersey which confirms that PCI is a foreign corporation in New Jersey. In addition, PCI submits an affidavit by Marvin Grossbard, President of PCI, stating that PCI was incorporated in 1955 in the state of New York, and that while PCI has been qualified to do business in New Jersey since 1966, it has never been incorporated in New Jersey.
We are convinced, just as we were twelve years ago, that PCI is in fact a New York corporation. Plaintiffs have not produced any records from the states of New Jersey or New York contradicting the certifications submitted by PCI. And even if PCI did use at one time, whether inadvertently or intentionally, a seal indicating that it was a New Jersey corporation, such conduct could not change its actual state of incorporation for purposes of diversity. As the official records reveal, PCI is in fact ...