The opinion of the court was delivered by: CHARLES S. HAIGHT, JR.
Plaintiff Susan Nealy commenced this action in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of Bronx, individually and as administratrix of the estate of Glenn Nealy, against Defendants U.S. Healthcare HMO, U.S. Healthcare Versatile Plus HMO, U.S. Health Insurance Co. Inc. (collectively "US Healthcare"), Richard H. Bernstein, M.D. ("Bernstein") and Ralph Yung, M.D. ("Yung"). Defendant US Healthcare is a health maintenance organization in the business of issuing policies of insurance for health care coverage. Defendant Bernstein, at all relevant times, served as Vice president and Director of Defendant US Healthcare. Defendant Yung, at all relevant times, was a primary care practitioner who provided medical care to individuals enrolled in plans provided by Defendant US Healthcare. Defendants US Healthcare and Bernstein contend that neither provided direct medical services. (Defs.' Mem. Supp. Dismiss at 2). Plaintiff does not contest any of these statements.
Plaintiff's complaint alleges breach of contract, misrepresentation, professional misconduct, medical malpractice, wrongful death, loss of services, negligent infliction of emotional distress and breach of fiduciary duty. These causes of action arise out of the death of Plaintiff's decedent husband, Glenn Nealy, while he was enrolled in a health care plan provided by defendant US Healthcare.
Defendants US Healthcare and Bernstein removed the action to this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1441(a), (b) and (c), on the ground that Plaintiff's claims are based on a federal question under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. §§ 1001 - 1461 ("ERISA"). Those Defendants now move to dismiss the complaint pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), Fed. R. Civ. P. Plaintiff cross-moves to remand the action to state court for want of a federal question. Defendants US Healthcare and Bernstein contend that Plaintiff's state law claims are preempted by ERISA and therefore the complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Defendant Yung did not join in this motion. Plaintiff argues that her claims are not preempted and thus this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction.
Plaintiff alleges that Defendant US Healthcare represented to Plaintiff's decedent that the plan would enable him to continue treatment of his pre-existing anginal condition. According to the complaint, Defendants' plan and policy provided "expressly and implicitly, that Plaintiff's decedent's special medical needs would be covered, and that Plaintiff's decedent would be entitled to continue, uninterrupted" the medical treatment that had been in progress, including treatment by the doctors Glenn Nealy had been seeing. (Complaint PP 27-28.) Plaintiff further contends that Glenn Nealy followed all necessary procedures for enrollment and qualification under the plan and attempted to see Defendant Yung, a participating primary care physician. (Complaint P 29.) Plaintiff alleges that as a result of US Healthcare's failure to furnish Glenn Nealy with the proper identification, Yung refused to see him on or about April 2, 1992 and April 3, 1992. Thus, Plaintiff states, Glenn Nealy was unable to obtain the proper "referral" from Yung that defendant US Healthcare told him was necessary to continue treatment by his own doctors. (Complaint PP 30-35.)
On or about April 9, 1992, Yung agreed to see Glenn Nealy but denied any knowledge as to US Healthcare's alleged procedures regarding the "referral" for follow-up treatment by Glenn Nealy's own physicians. Defendant Yung renewed Glenn Nealy's prescriptions for medication previously prescribed by his physicians, but according to Plaintiff, Glenn Nealy was unable to fill the prescriptions because "representatives of defendant US Healthcare provided incorrect and invalid information to the pharmaceutical provider." (Complaint P 38.)
Plaintiff's decedent, between April 9 and May 18, 1992, repeatedly tried to obtain the proper authorization from representatives of Defendant US Healthcare to continue treatment by his physicians. (Complaint P 39.) According to Plaintiff, on or about April 29, 1992, Defendants US Healthcare and Bernstein, "in violation of representations previously made to Plaintiff's decedent, . . . formally denied, in writing, Plaintiff's decedent's request for 'follow-up visits' to [his own physicians] for the reason that they had 'a participating provider in the area.'" (Complaint P 40-41.)
On or about May 15, 1992 Defendant Yung provided Plaintiff's decedent with a "referral" that authorized Plaintiff's decedent to visit a "participating" cardiologist on May 19, 1992. (Complaint PP 42-43.) On May 18, 1992, Glenn Nealy suffered cardiac arrest and died as a result of a massive myocardial infarction. (Complaint P 44.)
Plaintiff contends that Defendants' negligence and wrongful acts caused a delay in her husband's medical treatment which eventually led to his death. Plaintiff pleads the following causes of action:
(1) Against all Defendants: breach of contract and misrepresentation,
(2) Against all Defendants: violation of "standard of professional conduct",
(3) Against Defendants Bernstein and Yung: medical malpractice,
(4) Against all Defendants: wrongful death pursuant to New York State Estate, Powers and Trusts Law § 5-4.1,
(5) Against all Defendants: negligence,
(6) On behalf of Plaintiff Susan Nealy, individually, against all ...