The opinion of the court was delivered by: STERLING JOHNSON, JR.
Before this Court are motions by Defendant, Janet Medina ("Medina"), to (1) direct the Government to provide a Bill of Particulars; (2) direct the Government to provide material as required by Rule 16 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure and Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83, 10 L. Ed. 2d 215, 83 S. Ct. 1194 (1963); (3) suppress statements made by the Defendant and suppress the physical evidence seized from a front apartment at 58-36 Penrod Street; (4) permit inspection of the Grand Jury minutes, or in the alternative, dismiss the indictment; and (5) sever her trial from that of her co-defendants. Chief Magistrate Judge Chrein has filed a Report and Recommendation concerning the motions to suppress and this Court considers that report herein. For the reasons stated below, the motions are denied except for the motion to sever which was previously granted at a conference before this Court.
This case arises from a Drug Enforcement Agency ("DEA") investigation of the cocaine trafficking activities of Gilberto Menesses. Through the use of confidential informants and several wiretaps, the DEA learned information concerning several other individuals and narcotics trafficking.
On May 23, 1991, the DEA learned through intercepted conversations that a quantity of cocaine was to be temporarily stored at an apartment located at 58-36 Penrod Street, Corona, New York. Later that day, DEA agents and a New York City police officer arrived at the premises and knocked on the door of the apartment identifying themselves. The Defendant was seen on the balcony of the apartment after DEA agents had knocked on the door. When the agents entered, they found narcotics in plain view in a gym bag. The agents brought the gym bag into the room where Medina was and she said "that's not mine that's my husband Alonso's." Hearing Tr. at 21-22. Soon thereafter, Medina consented, in writing, to a further search of the premises whereupon $ 30,961 of United States currency was discovered. Subsequent surveillance of other individuals occurred as well as additional seizures. On June 5, 1991, DEA agents executed arrest warrants for several individuals; Janet Medina turned herself in a few days later.
1. Defendant's Motion to Compel the Government to Produce a Bill of Particulars
The Defendant has moved this Court to require the Government to provide a Bill of particulars pursuant to Rule 7 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. It is requested that the Government disclose details with respect to the exact time and place in which Medina was allegedly in possession of narcotics as well as the exact location in which contraband was allegedly found; names and addresses of any witnesses; the exact date and time of Defendant's arrest; a detailed description of the containers in which the narcotics were packaged and its position at the time of such seizure; and whether or not a search warrant was issued. The Defendant also requests that the government reveal whether she was in physical or constructive possession of the cocaine.
It is the practice in this Court to encourage open disclosure of the Government's case to defendants. Here, the Government has provided copies of the affidavits supporting the various wiretaps in this case, draft transcripts of the Intercepted conversations, and copies of the search warrants and their supporting affidavits The precise details of the Government's case need not be revealed. United States v. Zuluaga, 651 F. Supp. 746, 750-51 (E.D.N.Y. 1986). The Defendant has made no specific claims of the necessity to see more details than have been provided; such general allegations cannot support the demand for a bill of particulars. Wong Tai v. United States, 273 U.S. 77, 71 L. Ed. 545, 47 S. Ct. 300 (1927); United States v. Tramunti, 513 F.2d 1087, 1113-14 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 832, 46 L. Ed. 2d 50, 96 S. Ct. 54, 96 S. Ct. 55 (1975). Accordingly, Defendant's motion is denied.
2. Defendant's Motion to Obtain Brady Material
Defendant claims that the Government has exculpatory information that must be disclosed pursuant to Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83, 10 L. Ed. 2d 215, 83 S. Ct. 1194 (1963). The Defendant properly argues that Brady material must be turned over immediately upon request by the defense or discovery by the Government. United States v. Crozzoli, 698 F. Supp. 430, 437 (E.D.N.Y. 1988). The Government has asserted that it is aware of its obligations and has averred that it will turn over any Brady material upon its discovery or near in time to when a witness testifies according to the practices of the Eastern District of New York However, if Defendants have evidence that such material does indeed exist and has not been turned over in accordance with this Court's practices, this Court will conduct an in camera inspection of such evidence to determine whether it indeed falls within Brady's scope.
The Defendant has also requested that the Government provide a list of all potential government witnesses. The Government has opposed this motion on the grounds that security concerns prohibit them from disclosing the identities and that the Defendant has failed to demonstrate that their need for such a list is greater than these concerns. See United States v. Cannone, 528 F.2d 296, 301 (2d Cir. 1975) (holding that requests for a witness list must be shown to be material to the defendant's trial preparations and reasonable under the circumstances). Given the alleged links to narcotics traffickers in Colombia, the Government's concerns about security and ...