another vehicle within 500 feet contrary to NY Vehicle & Traffic Law § 375(3).
This traffic stop, accompanied by a request for the driver's license and registration revealed a New York City arrest warrant issued in 1986 calling for the arrest of Larry Bennett, a black male with brown hair and brown eyes, weighing one hundred eight-five (185) pounds and six feet three inches in height, with date of birth given as May 25, 1959.
Plaintiff, a New York City resident, met this description with the variations that his weight was two hundred ten (210) pounds and his date of birth is May 14, 1959. Plaintiff answered to the name "Larry" (phonetically virtually identical to Lorie) when questioned by the officers; plaintiff's cousin confirmed that plaintiff answered to either. These facts indicated that the original traffic stop and the subsequent arrest were each supported by probable cause and were reasonable. See authorities cited, Indomenico v. Brewster, 848 F. Supp. 1136 (SDNY 1994); Elk v. Townson, 839 F. Supp. 1047 (SDNY 1993).
At central booking, the Yonkers Police Department concluded that plaintiff should be released, and at approximately 5 AM told plaintiff that he must leave police headquarters. Plaintiff was given a slip permitting him to retrieve his vehicle. The automobile had been towed to an impounding lot, which would only be open during business hours. Plaintiff was forced to walk the streets of Yonkers during the early morning hours until he was able to locate a public telephone and call a taxi to take him to his home in New York City. When plaintiff obtained his car at approximately 5 PM, he was required to pay a towing and storage fee of $ 100 in cash; his vehicle's muffler and fender were damaged during the police towing.
Where a person is in custody for any reason, reasonable steps to protect that person's safety are constitutionally required. This principle has been applied to diverse circumstances including prisoners, foster children and students subject to compulsory education. See Revere v. Massachusetts General Hospital, 463 U.S. 239, 77 L. Ed. 2d 605, 103 S. Ct. 2979 (1983); Youngberg v. Romeo, 457 U.S. 307, 73 L. Ed. 2d 28, 102 S. Ct. 2452 (1982); Doe v. New York City, 649 F.2d 134 (2d Cir 1981); Lichtler v. County of Orange, 813 F. Supp. 1054 (SDNY 1993). The manner of plaintiff's release may have violated this principle.
Nevertheless, plaintiff has failed to establish any injury resulting from his being discharged onto the streets of Yonkers during the dawn hours of March 31, 1992. Consequently he cannot recover under 42 USC 1983. No likelihood of repetition of the incident which might justify consideration of injunctive relief has been established. See Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362, 46 L. Ed. 2d 561, 96 S. Ct. 598 (1976).
Dated: White Plains, N.Y. July 27, 1994
/s/ John S. Martin, USDJ, for VINCENT L. BRODERICK, U.S.D.J.