stating that all that was now before the Court was the issue of the form of the remand.
The Supreme Court has held that there are only two types of remands under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g): (1) those pursuant to sentence four
, and (2) those pursuant to sentence six
See Melkonyan v. Sullivan, 501 U.S. 89, 98, 115 L. Ed. 2d 78, 111 S. Ct. 2157 (1991). A sentence four remand order is a final judgment that terminates the district court's jurisdiction while a sentence six remand does not involve the entry of final judgment. Rather, in the case of a sentence six remand, the district court retains jurisdiction to review the agency action and a final judgment is not entered until after the determination upon remand.
In its most recent pronouncement on this issue, the Supreme Court held that remands pursuant to sentence four necessarily involve the district court's entering a final judgment either affirming, reversing, or modifying the decision of the Secretary. See Shalala v. Schaefer, 125 L. Ed. 2d 239, 113 S. Ct. 2625, 2629 (1993). The Court held that when a district court remands a case pursuant to sentence four, it may not retain jurisdiction over administrative proceedings on remand. See id. at 2630 (failure to terminate a case after a sentence four remand is error).
The Secretary argues that remand of this case, pursuant to the Stieberger settlement, must be made pursuant to sentence four because the terms of the Stieberger settlement require a sentence four remand and because the case does not fall within the specific parameters of a sentence six remand. The Court may order remands pursuant to sentence six in two situations: (1) where the Secretary requests a remand before answering the complaint; or (2) where new, material evidence is adduced that was for good cause not presented before the agency. See Schaefer, supra, 113 S. Ct. at 2629. Plaintiff contends that a sentence six remand is appropriate in this case because no answer has been filed by the Secretary and no substantive review or ruling has been made.
The Court agrees with plaintiff's position and finds that this case is appropriately remanded pursuant to sentence six of § 405(g).
In concluding that this case should be remanded pursuant to sentence six, this Court is in agreement with the decision of the district court in Younger v. Shalala, 93-CV-2623, (S.D.N.Y. July 20, 1994), a case involving circumstances similar to this case. In Younger, the district court concluded that a sentence six remand was appropriate because the Secretary had not filed an answer and no substantive ruling had been made. Further, the court, in adopting the Magistrate Judge's report and recommendation, also considered the fact that the settlement uses the term "remand" rather than "dismissal" as weighing in favor of a sentence six remand. In addition, the court held that the court's retention of jurisdiction and authority to address situations that may arise in the administrative proceedings was consistent with the purposes and the terms of the Stieberger settlement. See id.
This Court respectfully disagrees with the decisions of the district judges in the Western District of New York, which are relied upon by the defendant. See, e.g., Landon v. Shalala, 90-CV-1017 (March 11, 1993); Manuella v. Sullivan, 92-CV-0430 (March 2, 1993); Maldonado v. Sullivan, 91-CV-6412 (January 27, 1993). In particular, to the extent that these decisions seemed to rest in part on the possibility of the court's retaining jurisdiction for purposes of attorney's fee applications, such a compromise solution is no longer possible after the Supreme Court's decision in Schaefer, supra, 113 S. Ct. at 2629 (sentence four remand necessarily involves the entry of final judgment and complete termination of the district court's jurisdiction).
Further, the Court is not persuaded by the Secretary's argument that the language of the Stieberger settlement demands remand pursuant to sentence four. Nothing in the language of the settlement itself addresses whether the remand should be made pursuant to sentence four or sentence six. Rather, the settlement merely provides class members with the "option of proceeding with their individual court cases or receiving reopening pursuant to this settlement." Stieberger, supra, 801 F. Supp at 1089. It does not suggest that reopening is contingent upon the district court's entry of final judgment or termination of jurisdiction. In addition, note is made of the fact that the government agreed to substitute the term "remand" for "dismissal" in the "Notice of Availability of Relief Under Stieberger v. Sullivan" sent to all Stieberger class members. See id. at 1101 (Attachment 3, P 3, "dismissal" has since been replaced with "remand").
The Court finds that this case properly falls within the parameters of a sentence six remand and that such a remand is not inconsistent with the terms of the Stieberger settlement. Accordingly, the plaintiff's cross-motion is granted and this case is remanded to the Secretary pursuant to sentence six of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Dated: Brooklyn, New York
December 21, 1994
Carol Bagley Amon
United States District Judge