Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

PICAT v. UNITED STATES

March 21, 1995

GUILLERMO PICAT, Petitioner, against UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: DAVID N. EDELSTEIN

 EDELSTEIN, District Judge:

 Petitioner Guillermo Picat, pro se, brings this motion to vacate, set aside, or correct his sentence, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. *fn1"

 BACKGROUND

 Guillermo Picat ("Picat") was convicted, after a jury trial, of one count of conspiracy to possess marijuana with intent to distribute, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846. The proof at trial showed that in October 1988, Picat and several other persons agreed to purchase in excess of 100 kilograms of marijuana from a confidential informant. Picat and the other defendants were arrested on October 19, 1988, after they arrived at a pre-arranged location with approximately $ 36,000 in cash. On April 9, 1990, following Picat's conviction, this Court sentenced Picat to a ninety-six month term of imprisonment to be followed by an eight-year term of supervised release.

 Petitioner now moves, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, to vacate, set aside, or correct his sentence. *fn2" Petitioner contends that his sentence was illegal because at the time he violated 28 U.S.C. § 846, this Court lacked the authority to sentence him to a term of supervised release for such a violation. He contends that, under § 846, this Court only had authority to impose a term of imprisonment and a fine.

 DISCUSSION

 Petitioner's claim is within the scope of § 2255 because his claim alleges that his sentence is in excess of the maximum authorized by law. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255.

 Petitioner's claim is meritless, however, because the Second Circuit has held that, in appropriate circumstances, a district court may sentence a person convicted of violating 21 U.S.C. § 846 to a term of supervised release. See Rodriguez v. United States, 951 F.2d 26 (2d Cir. 1991). In Rodriguez, defendant Rodriguez pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring to distribute cocaine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846, and the district court sentenced him to a thirty-month term of imprisonment, a four-year term of supervised release, and a special assessment of fifty dollars. See id. at 27. Thereafter, Rodriguez brought a motion to correct his sentence, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, arguing that "at the time of his offense, November 14, 1988, a violation of section 846 could not be penalized by a sentence including supervised release." Id. Rodriguez argued that at the time he violated 21 U.S.C. § 846, the statute included no provision for imposing a term of supervised release. *fn3" The district court denied the motion, and Rodriguez appealed to the Second Circuit.

 The Rodriguez holding applies with equal force to the instant case. Here, the Guidelines govern Picat's sentence because the Guidelines became effective on November 1, 1987 and Picat's criminal conduct occurred in October of the following year. Under the Guidelines, the offense level for Picat's conspiracy conviction is "the same as if the object of the conspiracy . . . had been completed." U.S.S.G. § 2D1.4(a). *fn4" If the object of Picat's conspiracy had been completed, Picat would have violated 21 U.S.C. § 841, and he would have faced a sentence that included a term of supervised release. Because Picat faced the same penalty for conspiracy that he would have faced if the object of his conspiracy had been completed, the Guidelines authorized this Court to include a term of supervised release as part of Picat's sentence.

 Accordingly, petitioner's § 2255 motion is DENIED.

 SO ORDERED.

 DATED: New York, New ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.