The opinion of the court was delivered by: WEXLER
On October 31, 1990, plaintiff pro se in the above-referenced action applied for old age (retirement) insurance benefits under the Social Security Act (the "Act"), indicating that he would retire in 1991. The Social Security Administration (the "SSA") denied plaintiff's application, stating that plaintiff had failed to sufficiently establish that he would retire on January 1, 1991. Plaintiff's request for reconsideration was denied by the SSA in a decision dated May 7, 1991. A hearing was held before an administrative law judge (the "ALJ"), who, by decision dated January 30, 1992, upheld the SSA's determination. The Appeals Council denied plaintiff's request for review of the ALJ's decision.
Presently before the Court are plaintiff's complaint, filed pursuant to Section 205(g) of the Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking review of the final determination of the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the "Secretary") that plaintiff was not entitled to retirement insurance benefits under the Act, and the Commissioner of Social Security's (the "Commissioner") motion, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(c), for judgment on the pleadings.
An individual is entitled to retirement benefits if he has reached the age of sixty two, filed for benefits, and is fully insured as defined by the Act. See 42 U.S.C. § 414(a). The Act, however, provides an allowable amount of income that a claimant may receive each month to be eligible for maximum benefits. See 42 U.S.C. § 403(a). Where a claimant, under the age of seventy, has annual aggregate earnings from self-employment in excess of the allowable amount, the claimant's benefits will be reduced by an "excess earnings" amount. See id. § 403(b). Excess earnings will not be charged, however, to any. month for which the claimant did not engage in "substantial services in self-employment." See id. § 403(f). The claimant has the burden of proving to the Secretary's satisfaction that he has not rendered substantial services in self-employment. See id. § 403(f)(4)(A); 20 C.F.R. § 404.446(c). Where the claimant fails to meet this burden, benefits may be denied in full. See Ciccone v. Secretary of Health and Human Servs., 861 F.2d 14, 17 (2d Cir. 1988) (citing Schweiker v. Hansen, 450 U.S. 785, 786, 788, 790, 67 L. Ed. 2d 685, 101 S. Ct. 1468 (1981)).
For 1991, the allowable income amount was $ 9,720. Plaintiff, who by his own admission operated an accounting practice out of his residence in 1991, insists that he anticipated earning under $ 10,000 for that year. The SSA determined, initially and on reconsideration, that plaintiff's estimated earnings for 1991 ware $ 40,441 and that plaintiff "would be performing substantial services in self-employment in all months of 1991." Record at 59. The SSA, in an effort to substantiate plaintiff's claim that he expected to earn less than the allowable amount in 1991, asked plaintiff to provide a client list. Plaintiff refused because he felt government inquires would scare off his clients. He argues that, although the "SSA has statutory authority to inquire," his son, who was primarily in charge of the business in 1991, "has a constitutional right to earn a living in a highly competitive business and in the midst of a recession." Plaintiff's Response, at 2.
The Commissioner's motion is granted and plaintiff's complaint is dismissed. The Clerk of the Court is directed to enter judgment affirming the decision of the Secretary.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: Hauppauge, New York