The opinion of the court was delivered by: HAROLD BAER, JR.
Harold Baer, Jr.,
Plaintiff Somerset Marine, Inc. ("Somerset") brings this admiralty suit against Massan Shipping Industries, Inc. ("Massan") and its vessels, MV AMER SHANTI and MV SILVER STAR for damages to kraft linerboard rolls allegedly caused by the defendants during transport of same. After a bench trial held on April 21 and 24, 1995, and consideration of the witnesses' testimony, depositions, and exhibits, I find that Somerset has established a prima facie case while defendants subsequently failed to show facts relieving it from liability.
Somerset, a New York corporation, is a marine insurance company. Massan is a foreign corporation engaged in the business of chartering ocean vessels.
Massan chartered and operated the M/V AMER SHANTI and M/V SILVER STAR in August and September 1992, for the purpose of carrying two lots of kraft linerboard that Gaylord Central National, Inc., ("Gaylord"), the shipper, sold to Iberoamericana del Embalaje S.A. ("IDESA"). The first sale was on August 23, 1992 for 856 rolls at $ 472,707.20 to be carried on the MV AMER SHANTI. The second sale was on September 23, 1992 for 220 rolls at $ 134,477.60 to be carried on the MV SILVER STAR.
Somerset acted as insurer of the rolls. IDESA filed claims with Somerset for crushed core damage to 32 rolls
from the AMER SHANTI shipment and 4 rolls from the SILVER STAR shipment. Somerset paid IDESA $ 18,835.43 for the AMER SHANTI claim and $ 2,524.98 for the SILVER STAR claim. Somerset, as the subrogee, now sues Massan to recover the $ 21,360.41. Somerset alleges that Massan bears the responsibility for the crushed cores, not their insured.
For each shipment, Massan's agent signed "clean" bills of lading, acknowledging receipt of the rolls and cores in apparent good order and condition. Neither the Mate's Receipts nor A.S.D. Service Orders noted any crushed cores.
The Delivery Notices for each shipment from the charterer, Massan's agent, to the consignee contain damage exceptions that the consignee noted at delivery. In both instances, the consignee had a surveyor assess the extent of damage to the rolls within three days of final delivery, and supplied Massan with the surveyor's report within a week.
The Court has admiralty jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1333. The rights and obligations of the parties are governed by the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act ("COGSA"), 46 U.S.C. § 1300 et seq. The parties agreed that COGSA controls throughout the entire time that the goods were in Massan's custody.
Under COGSA, the plaintiff first must establish a prima facie case of carrier liability. M. Golodetz Export Corp. v. S/S Lake Anja, 751 F.2d 1103, 1109 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 471 U.S. 1117, 86 L. Ed. 2d 261, 105 S. Ct. 2361 (1985). The burden then shifts to the defendant who must show by a preponderance of the evidence facts that relieve it from liability. Id. at 1111 (noting the ...