Corporation ("MSC"), a Colorado holding company with principal offices in Florida. Feher and Leone each move pro se to dismiss for failure to state a claim and failure to join an indispensible party. For the reasons that follow, both motions are denied.
Defendants predicate their arguments that plaintiff has failed to state claims against them as individuals upon representations contained in their motion papers and not in the complaint. The complaint alleges sufficient facts to make a prima facie case that defendants are individually liable as controlling persons under Section 20(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C.A. § 78t(a) (West 1981 & 1995 Supp.).
The Second Circuit has ruled that once a plaintiff has pleaded allegations which would support a finding of Section 20(a) liability, the burden of proving otherwise shifts to defendants in a later stage of the proceedings. See Marbury Management, Inc. v. Kohn (2d Cir. 1980) 629 F.2d 705, 716. See also Borden, Inc. v. Spoor Behrins Campbell & Young, Inc. (S.D.N.Y. 1990) 735 F. Supp. 587, 588. Accordingly, Feher's and Leone's motions to dismiss for failure to state a claim are denied.
Defendants also move to dismiss based upon plaintiff's failure to name Irving J. Becker ("Becker"), MSC's former Chief Financial Officer, Vice President and Director, as a defendant under Fed.R.Civ.P. Rule 19. Defendants argue that Becker's absence from the litigation deprives them of information necessary to their defense and is otherwise inequitable.
With respect to defendants' claims of prejudice, courts have explicitly rejected the argument that knowledge of relevant information renders an individual an indispensible party. See Costello Publishing Co. v. Rotelle (D.C. Cir. 1981) 216 U.S. App. D.C. 216, 670 F.2d 1035, 1044; Mann v. Levy (S.D.N.Y. 1991) 776 F. Supp. 808, 814.
With respect to defendants' equity arguments, it is well-established that, where defendants are jointly and severally liable, a plaintiff may sue the defendants it deems fit; defendants omitted from such a suit are not indispensible parties. See Kerr v. Compagnie De Ultramar (2d Cir. 1958) 250 F.2d 860, 863; Stabilisierungsfonds Fur Wein v. Kaiser Stuhl Wine Distributors Pty. Ltd. (D.C. Cir. 1981) 207 U.S. App. D.C. 375, 647 F.2d 200, 207. Plaintiff is suing Feher and Leone under Section 20(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C.A. § 78t(a) (West 1981 & 1995 Supp.), which establishes joint and several liability. Consequently, we find defendants' arguments that Becker is an indispensible party to be without merit.
For the reasons stated above, defendants' motions to dismiss for failure to state a claim and failure to name an indispensible party are hereby denied.
New York, New York
July 31, 1995
WHITMAN KNAPP, SENIOR U.S.D.J.