The opinion of the court was delivered by: WEXLER
Plaintiff pro se Jeffrey C. McArthur ("McArthur") brings the above-captioned action for alleged violation of his constitutional rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and for alleged violations of state law pursuant to this Court's supplemental jurisdiction and based on diversity jurisdiction, stemming from child support modification proceedings commenced in 1989 by McArthur's former wife, defendant Nancy Bell ("Bell"), in state court in New York. Presently before the Court are defendants' motions to dismiss this action pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) and (6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and McArthur's cross-motion for disqualification of the undersigned judge. For the reasons below, defendants' motions are granted and plaintiff's cross-motion is denied.
In 1991, McArthur brought an action in this Court arising from essentially the same events alleged in the present action (the "1991 Action").
By Memorandum and Order dated April 6, 1992, familiarity with which is assumed, this Court dismissed the 1991 Action in its entirety. See McArthur v. Bell, 788 F. Supp. 706 (E.D.N.Y. 1992) ("McArthur I"). McArthur did not appeal this Court's decision in McArthur I. As detailed in McArthur I, McArthur alleged in the 1991 Action that various persons conspired to deprive him of due process in the state child support modification proceedings commenced by Bell in 1989 (the "state proceedings") in violation of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution. He also asserted state claims for conspiracy, fraud, deceit and abuse of process, and sought a permanent injunction to prevent defendants from continuing to deprive him of his due process rights. Defendants in McArthur I were (1) Bell (McArthur's former wife and an account clerk who prepared police department payroll documents while working at the Suffolk County Department of Audit and Control ["SCDAC"]); (2) Joan Goldrick ("Goldrick") (Bell's supervisor); (3) SCDAC; (4) the County of Suffolk (the "County"); (5) J. Gary Waldvogel ("Waldvogel") (Bell's attorney in the child support modification proceedings); (6) Sidney Vann ("Vann") (an attorney who is allegedly an agent of the County); and (7) John Doe defendants (employees of the County) (collectively, the "McArthur I Defendants").
The 1991 Action alleged that McArthur and Bell, the parents of two minor children, were divorced on or about December 18, 1980. The divorce decree provided in part that McArthur pay Bell $ 45 per week per child as child support. In 1986, Bell brought an action against McArthur for arrearages in child support related to medical expenses. McArthur alleged that Bell improperly used her position at SCDAC to obtain payment from McArthur's medical insurance carrier which duplicated payments that McArthur had already made to her as a result of her lawsuit. Subsequently, McArthur alleged, Bell used Suffolk County stationery to harass him. As a result, McArthur wrote two letters to the County complaining of Bell's acts and requesting that she no longer have access to his records.
On or about October 6, 1989, Bell commenced the state proceedings in Suffolk County Supreme Court seeking an upward adjustment in McArthur's child support payments. Following four days of hearings at which McArthur was represented by counsel, Judge Marilyn Friedenberg granted Bell a 200 percent upward adjustment in child support and awarded $ 7,000 in attorney's fees to Waldvogel, Bell's counsel. However, McArthur alleged that Waldvogel improperly caused two index numbers to be placed on the original Order to Show Cause which commenced the child support modification proceedings, that Waldvogel had "hallway" conversations with Judge Friedenberg, and that he altered and/or misrepresented McArthur's employment records which were produced in the state proceedings. McArthur further alleged that Judge Friedenberg and her two law clerks were biased against him, that she directed hostile remarks to him and to his attorney, that she improperly excluded relevant evidence that was favorable to him, that she improperly granted Waldvogel's objections while overruling those made by McArthur's attorney, and that she improperly threatened McArthur's attorney with contempt. McArthur also alleged that Bell, with the knowledge of the County, altered and/or misrepresented his employment records, that Goldrick aided and abetted Bell, and that they both may have perjured themselves at the hearings.
Lastly, McArthur alleged that acts of the McArthur I Defendants and Judge Friedenberg and her two law clerks were undertaken as part of a conspiracy to deprive McArthur of his constitutional rights to due process and a fair trial.
As explained in McArthur I, this Court dismissed McArthur's federal claims in the 1991 Action on various grounds, including lack of subject matter jurisdiction, failure to allege a deprivation of property without due process, failure to state a claim against the County and SCDAC, and because certain defendants (i.e., Bell and Goldrick) were not acting under color of state law and because the conspiracy claim was based on vague and conclusory allegations. McArthur I, 788 F. Supp. at 708-11. In addition, this Court dismissed McArthur's state claims for lack of jurisdiction.
In 1994, McArthur commenced the present action by a 74-page, 730-paragraph, complaint against many of the same defendants in the 1991 Action, based essentially on the same events as in the 1991 Action (except that the current action omits reference to the action brought by Bell against McArthur in 1986 and adds certain allegations as to events occurring after the decision in McArthur I concerning the state proceedings) and raising the same or similar federal and state claims as those raised in the 1991 Action. In this action, McArthur again names Bell, Goldrick and Waldvogel, but omits the County, SCDAC and Vann. As new defendants, he adds Joseph Caputo ("Caputo") (alleged Administrative Head of SCDAC); Joseph Poerio ("Poerio") (alleged Office Manager of SCDAC); Joy Penny ("Penny") (like Goldrick, an alleged supervisor of Bell at SCDAC); Robert Bell (Bell's husband); and Phillip Bauccio ("Bauccio") (allegedly Robert Bell's tax preparer).
As to events following dismissal of the 1991 Action, McArthur claims that on September 7, 1993, he "discovered new evidence which conclusively establishes that the records produced to the trial court [in the modification proceedings] by the defendants, which were represented to the court by the defendants as McArthur's pay records and Bell's 1989 income tax records, were inaccurate, misleading and without any basis in truth." Complaint P 24. He again alleges that Bell and Goldrick, in response to a subpoena and as custodians of County payroll records, gave false and misleading testimony by misrepresenting McArthur's income in the state proceedings. See id. PP 25-35. New defendants Caputo, Poerio and Penny allegedly failed to adequately supervise and train Goldrick and/or Bell in generating and providing the information in the state proceedings, and failed to provide an adequate policy for responding to a subpoena, resulting in the "inevitable violation of McArthur's Constitutionally protected rights." See id. PP 36-39. Poerio allegedly failed to adequately respond to letters from McArthur that Bell not be given access to McArthur's employment records. See id. P 40. As to Bell's tax returns, McArthur alleges that Bell presented "fraudulent tax forms," i.e., Bell's 1989 tax returns, in the state proceedings, and that new defendants Robert Bell and Bauccio provided those forms, prepared by Bauccio, to Bell "with the intent to defraud McArthur" in the state proceedings. See id. PP 41-46.
McArthur further alleges that on April 6, 1992, the date of this Court's decision in McArthur I, at a contempt hearing relating to the state proceedings, he notified Bell and Waldvogel that the payroll records were "inaccurate" and the tax forms incorrect"; he also notified Waldvogel that Waldvogel had committed "perjury," which "in itself was more than attributable [sic] to the violation of McArthur's Constitutionally protected rights to due process." Id. PP 47-48. He claims that neither Bell nor Waldvogel advised the lower court of the "new evidence" of the "fraudulent misrepresentations," thereby "preventing McArhtur's [sic] access to any Federal Court within the State of New York so as to prevent McArthur from pursuing his allegations of his constitutional rights." Id. P 49. Similarly, he claims that neither Bell nor Waldvogel advised the Appellate Division of the "new evidence" of the "fraudulent misrepresentations," thereby "violating McArthur's Constitutionally protected rights to due process, and rendering the Appeal moot." Id. PP 50, 52. However, on or about September 10, 1993, McArthur notified the Appellate Division of the "new evidence" on a "Motion to Set Aside an Order of Contempt."
McArthur's appeal of the lower court's judgment in the state proceedings was pending before the Appellate Division at the time of McArthur I. After dismissal of the 1991 Action in McArthur I, the Appellate Division, Fourth Department, by decision dated February 4, 1994, as amended April 15, 1994, unanimously dismissed the upward modification in child support on the ground that Bell failed to sustain her burden of proof on the issue of modification. See McArthur v. Bell, 201 A.D.2d 974, 609 N.Y.S.2d 713 (4th Dep't 1994). Based on that determination, the court expressly declined to consider McArthur's "contention that the hearing court was biased." 609 N.Y.S.2d at 714. In addition, the court vacated the award of attorney's fees, and remitted the matter for an adversarial hearing as to attorney's fees. Id. McArthur complains that the Appellate Division failed to address his allegations of violations of his constitutional rights and defendant Waldvogel's "acts of misconduct." On May 10, 1994, the New York Court of Appeals dismissed Bell's motion for leave to appeal the Appellate Division's order.
Thereafter, in June 1994, Waldvogel again sought an award of attorney's fees in the state proceedings. In this respect, McArthur claims that Waldvogel "once again further violated McArthur's right to due process by filing yet another desperate State civil action for unwarranted attorney's fees again on the basis of the . . . false, inaccurate and misleading evidence." Complaint PP 58-59.
McArthur then commenced this action, asserting claims for violation of due process and equal protection, and state law claims for, inter alia, negligence, "negligent abuse of process," "reckless abuse of process," fraud, deceit, "negligent intentional infliction of emotional distress" and "reckless intentional infliction of emotional distress." Defendants move to dismiss the federal claims on the grounds relied on in McArthur I and as barred by the determinations in McArthur I and the applicable ...