privacy interests." Jennifer McVeigh's Opposition to Application of Buffalo News and Dan Herbeck filed January 21, 1997 ("J. McVeigh Opposition") at p. 1.
For the reasons which follow, the motion is GRANTED, in part and DENIED, in part subject to limited redactions necessary to protect the personal privacy interests of Jennifer McVeigh and William McVeigh.
First, there is no dispute among the parties that Timothy McVeigh has been indicted and that neither Jennifer McVeigh nor her father, William McVeigh, are targets of the investigation. Second, given the posture of the case against Timothy McVeigh, and the fact that the Government has no objection to the unsealing, the court finds that the public's interest in access to a search warrant which has been executed and filed in the Clerk's office of this court has attached to the warrant at issue as a public document. United States v. Warner Communications, 435 U.S. 589, 597-90, 55 L. Ed. 2d 570, 98 S. Ct. 1306 (1978); Application of Newsday, Inc., 895 F.2d 74, 79 (2d Cir. 1990) (recognizing warrant and related applications as public document filed under seal "subject to common law right of access").
Timothy McVeigh argues that unsealing the warrant with the attendant publicity will deprive him of a fair trial. Certainly, this court is mindful of McVeigh's Sixth Amendment rights. But the question is whether the public's right of access under the First Amendment can be overcome by findings that there is a "substantial probability that the defendant's right to a fair trial will be prejudiced by publicity that closure would prevent and, second, that reasonable alternatives to closure cannot adequately protect the defendant's fair trial rights." Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court, 478 U.S. 1, 14-15, 92 L. Ed. 2d 1, 106 S. Ct. 2735 (1986). McVeigh asserts that the requested unsealing would invite publication of material similar to information which the district court judge, Hon. Richard P. Matsch, assigned to his trial, has refused to unseal. T. McVeigh Opposition at p. 2. However, Petitioners note that, according to the Government's Affidavit filed in this matter, Judge Matsch has been aware of this application and this court has not received any indication that Judge Matsch has expressed any concern regarding the instant application to unseal the warrant papers for the McVeigh residence. Government's Affidavit at P 4. Further, Timothy McVeigh's papers in opposition fail to establish, as required under Press-Enterprise Co., supra, why there is a substantial probability that McVeigh's right to a fair trial will be prejudiced and that reasonable alternatives to nondisclosure cannot adequately protect his fair trial rights. Press-Enterprise Co., supra. The Court's observations in Press-Enterprises that careful voir dire can screen out jurors "whose knowledge of the case would disable them from rendering an impartial verdict," and that "the First Amendment right of access cannot be overcome by the conclusory assertion that publicity might deprive the defendant of that right [to a fair trial]" are apposite to the issue here. Accordingly, the court finds no justification to refuse Petitioners' request on this ground.
However, the Second Circuit has recognized that the public's right of access is "qualified by recognition of the privacy rights of the persons whose intimate relations may thereby be disclosed." Application of Newsday, Inc., supra, at 79. Courts should therefore exercise discretion to avoid unjustified disclosure of such intimate personal information by ordering redactions of the requested documents as needed to protect the individual privacy interests of "innocent third parties as well as those of defendant's." Id. There is no dispute that neither Jennifer nor William McVeigh are targets of the investigation relating to the Oklahoma bombing. Applying this standard, the court finds that certain information listed in the warrant's return and a statement attributed to Mr. William McVeigh contained in the application qualify as protectable information under the "intimate relations" exception to disclosure.
The first item relates to the titles of books seized from Ms. McVeigh's bedroom in the Pendleton residence, as listed in the warrant's return; the second reflects William McVeigh's description of his children's political beliefs as stated in the affidavit in support of the application. There can be no better example of the zone of privacy a person residing in our society should enjoy than what books he or she chooses to read. Further, it cannot be gainsaid that information a parent learns from a child regarding the child's beliefs is knowledge derived from an intimate relationship. While either may for whatever reason choose to reveal the information, that is a prerogative that derives from their respective privacy interests in the statement. The fact that it is already known to government agents is irrelevant to the issue presented here just as the facts of the redacted matters approved in the Newsday case were also already known to investigators. There is a significant difference between the risk of a further loss of privacy through public disclosure by a government agent compared to the impact on such privacy flowing from the likelihood of publication of accessed material by the media. The court will, accordingly, make the redactions it finds necessary and justified from any copies of the requested warrant materials prior to their release.
Based on the foregoing, Petitioner's motion to unseal the warrant filed under 95-M-1043, together with its related application and return, is GRANTED, in part and DENIED, in part. Copies of the requested materials shall be made available on Thursday, February 13, 1997 at 10:00 A.M.
LESLIE G. FOSCHIO
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Dated: February 5th, 1997
Buffalo, New York