The opinion of the court was delivered by: SPRIZZO
Plaintiff pro se Charline Williams ("Williams") brings the instant action against defendant Board of Education (the "Board") alleging violations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000e et seq. ("Title VII"), the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended, 29 U.S.C. §§ 621 et seq. (the "ADEA"), and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12112 et seq. (the "ADA"). Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56, the Board moves to dismiss the instant action on the ground, inter alia, that Williams's claims are time-barred by the appropriate statutes of limitations. For the reasons set forth below, the Board's motion for summary judgment is granted.
Williams was employed by the Board as a Substance Abuse Prevention and Intervention Specialist ("S.A.P.I.S") until October 26, 1992, when she was discharged on the grounds of unsatisfactory attendance and job performance. See Deposition of Charline Williams conducted September 26, 1996 ("Williams Dep.") at 13 (attached to Defendant's Notice of Motion dated Dec. 27, 1996 ("Deft. Not. Mot.") as Exh. A); Deft. Not. Mot. Exh. H. Approximately nine months after her dismissal, Williams filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights ("O.C.R.") claiming employment discrimination on the basis of age, sex and disability. See Discrimination Complaint Form, U.S. Dept. of Ed. dated July 23, 1993, at 2. On September 20, 1993, almost eleven months after her dismissal, the O.C.R. transferred Williams's complaint to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("E.E.O.C.") on the ground that the O.C.R. did not have jurisdiction. See Deft. Not. Mot. Exh. L (Letter from Dawn Hyland, Acting Director of O.C.R. to Spencer Lewis, District Director of the E.E.O.C., dated September 18, 1997).
On November 2, 1993, over one year after her discharge, Williams filed charges of sex, age and disability discrimination against the Board with the New York State Division of Human Rights ("N.Y.S.D.H.R.").
See Deft. Not. Mot. Exh. N. On July 18, 1995, Williams received a right to sue letter from the E.E.O.C. See Dismissal and Notice of Rights letter dated July 18, 1995 (attached as an exhibit to Complaint filed November 21, 1995
On November 21, 1995, Williams filed the instant suit, claiming that the last act of discrimination against her had occurred on October 26, 1992 when she was discharged.
See Complaint at 10.
On December 27, 1996, the Board moved for summary judgment claiming, inter alia, that Williams's claims were time-barred by the appropriate statutes of limitations. On January 31, 1997, counsel for defendant and plaintiff pro se attended a Pre-Trial Conference at which time the Court explained to Williams that she had a right to file a response to the Board's motion, which, if granted, could result in the dismissal of her action. Nevertheless, Williams failed to file a response to the Board's motion for summary judgment. On June 27, 1997, all parties appeared before the Court for Oral Argument, at which time the Court took the motion under submission.
Since Williams has identified the date of the Board's last alleged discriminatory conduct against her as having occurred on October 26, 1992, the Court must use this date as the point of reference from which to measure the timeliness of Williams's claims. Since Williams's claims were not filed with the E.E.O.C. until September 20, 1993, it is clear that Williams failed to file her complaint within the 180 days afforded her by the applicable statutes.
Furthermore, Williams cannot rely upon the exception referred to above, which applies where a discrimination complaint is filed with a State or local agency, because the O.C.R., with whom she filed her claim on July 23, 1993, is a federal and not a State or local agency. In view of these circumstances, the Court need not address whether or not the O.C.R. and the E.E.O.C. had a worksharing agreement and/or a memorandum of understanding, pursuant to which Williams's filing with the O.C.R. could be deemed a "simultaneous filing" with the E.E.O.C. See Ford v. Bernard Fineson Develop. Center, 81 F.3d 304, 308 (2d Cir. 1996). Since the O.C.R. is a federal agency and cannot be deemed a State or local agency within the meaning of the applicable 300 day extension statutes, see 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(1) ("State or local agency"); 29 U.S.C. § 633(b) ("State authority"), Williams was required to file her complaint with the O.C.R. within 180 days of her termination in order for her complaint to be timely filed. See 29 C.F.R. § 1691.6 (1997) (with respect to Title VII claim, date complaint received by O.C.R. shall be deemed date it was received by the E.E.O.C.); 29 C.F.R. § 1640.5 (with respect to ADA claim, charge deemed filed with the E.E.O.C. on the date it is first received by the O.C.R.). This she failed to do.
The fact that Williams filed a complaint with the N.Y.S.D.H.R. does not require a different result. That claim was filed 372 days after the Board's last alleged discriminatory act. This was more than 300 days after the last discriminatory act complained of, and thus outside of the time period permitted by the aforementioned exception, even assuming that the exception was applicable. Because Williams failed to initially institute proceedings with the appropriate State agency, see 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(e)(1); 42 U.S.C. § 12117; 29 U.S.C. § 626(d), her claims are time-barred.
Finally, Williams has presented no reason why the Court should equitably toll the limitations period with respect to her claims. See Miller v. International Tel. & Tel. Corp., 755 F.2d 20, 24 (2d Cir.), cert. denied 474 U.S. 851, 88 L. Ed. 2d 122, 106 S. Ct. 148 (1985); Ryan v. N.Y. State Thruway Authority, 889 F. Supp. 70, 78 (N.D.N.Y. 1995); Meckes v. Reynolds Metals Co., 604 F. Supp. 598, 605-606 (N.D. Ala. 1985) (citations omitted). No conduct of the Board is alleged to ...