had not signed a non-disclosure agreement. Tr. 890, 891, 892.
Accordingly, the Court adopts the Magistrate's finding that both the binding equipment, as modified by Inflight, and the binding process itself are protected trade secrets.
III. USE OF THE NAME MAGAZINES-IN-FLIGHT AND ITS LOGO
In their objections, the MIF defendants expressly state that "for the purposes of this proceeding, defendants will consent to a preliminary injunction enjoining their use of the name and logo." Defs. 17. The Court agrees and accordingly, the defendants are enjoined from using the name Magazines In-Flight or the logo presently associated with it.
IV. THE NON-DISCLOSURE AGREEMENTS
A. General Enforceability
The law is well established that restrictive covenants will be enforced only if reasonably limited in scope and duration, and then only to the extent necessary to protect the employer from unfair competition resulting from the use or disclosure of trade secrets or confidential customer lists, or if the former employee's services are unique or extraordinary. Lumex,, 919 F. Supp. at 628; Columbia Ribbon & Carbon Mfg. Co. v. A-1-A Corp., 42 N.Y.2d 496, 499, 398 N.Y.S.2d 1004, 369 N.E.2d 4 (1977); Reed, Roberts, 40 N.Y.2d at 307-08. Although non-competition agreements are strictly construed in New York, the courts have repeatedly enjoined employees from breaching reasonably limited agreements. See South Nassau Control Mgmt. Corp. v. Innovative Control Corp., No. CIV. 95-3724, 1996 WL 496610 (E.D.N.Y. June 20, 1996); Innovative Networks Inc. v. Satellite Airlines Ticketing Centers, Inc., 871 F. Supp. 709, 728 (S.D.N.Y. 1995); Gelder Medical Group v. Webber, 41 N.Y.2d 680, 394 N.Y.S.2d 867, 363 N.E.2d 573 (1977); Reed, Roberts, 40 N.Y.2d at 307-08; Columbia Ribbon, 42 N.Y.2d at 499; Schachter v. Lester Witte & Co., 52 A.D.2d 121, 383 N.Y.S.2d 316 (1st Dep't 1976) aff'd 41 N.Y.2d 1067, 396 N.Y.S.2d 175, 364 N.E.2d 840 (1977); Chernoff Diamond & Co. v. Fitzmaurice, Inc., 234 A.D.2d 200, 651 N.Y.S.2d 504 (1st Dep't 1996); Maltby v. Harlow Meyer Savage, Inc., 223 A.D.2d 516, 637 N.Y.S.2d 110 (1st Dep't 1996); Deloitte & Touche, L.L.P. v. Chiampou, 222 A.D.2d 1026, 636 N.Y.S.2d 679 (4th Dep't 1995); Briskin v. All Seasons Serve., Inc., 206 A.D.2d 906, 615 N.Y.S.2d 166 (4th Dep't 1994); Mallory Factor Inc. v. Schwartz, 146 A.D.2d 465, 536 N.Y.S.2d 752 (1st Dep't 1989); Composite Panel Fabricators, Inc. v. Webb, 118 A.D.2d 615, 499 N.Y.S.2d 765 (2d Dep't 1986); Walter Rubin Inc. v. First Coinvesters, Inc., 91 A.D.2d 630, 456 N.Y.S.2d 813 (2d Dep't 1982); Sackman v. Maritas, 156 Misc. 2d 939, 595 N.Y.S.2d 655 (Sup. 1992); Garvin Guybutler Corp. v. Cowen & Co., 155 Misc. 2d 39, 588 N.Y.S.2d 56, (Sup. 1992).
In the present case, all of the individual defendants with the exception of defendant Sergi were required to sign two identical versions under the headings, Inflight Advertising, Inc. and Inflight Newspapers, Inc. The non-disclosure/non-compete agreements provide as follows: