The opinion of the court was delivered by: MARTIN
JOHN S. MARTIN, Jr., District Judge:
Pro se petitioner, Ramon Gonzalo Lleo-Fernandez, an alien currently held in custody pending deportation, seeks a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on the grounds that he is allegedly being detained in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1252(c) (1994). He claims that he must be released under parole supervision pending deportation because he has not been deported within six months of a final order of deportation. For the following reasons, his petition is denied.
Petitioner arrived in the United States on June 4, 1980 and became a lawful permanent United States resident on July 31, 1987.
Since 1991, petitioner has compiled a criminal record in the United States. In May 1991, petitioner was convicted of larceny in the Fort Lee Municipal Court in New Jersey and was sentenced to time served -- twelve days in the city jail. In November 1992, he plead guilty to attempted third-degree criminal sale of a controlled substance in violation of N.Y. Penal Law §§ 110 & 220.39, for which he was sentenced to five years' probation. In February 1996, he plead guilty to criminal facilitation in violation of N.Y. Penal Law § 115 and was sentenced to one year's imprisonment in satisfaction of charges that included, inter alia, criminal sale of controlled substance on or near school grounds.
In April 1996, the Immigration and Naturalization Service ("INS") served petitioner an Order to Show Cause and Notice of Hearing, which charged that petitioner was subject to deportation as an alien convicted of an aggravated felony pursuant to section 241(a)(2)(A)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 as amended ("the Act") and as an alien convicted of a controlled substance violation pursuant to section 241(a)(2)(B)(i) of the Act. On July 10, 1996, INS took petitioner into custody. On October 22, 1996, the Immigration Judge ("IJ") ordered petitioner be deported to Cuba. The IJ's decision was affirmed by the Board of Immigration Appeals on July 3, 1997. On October 22, 1997, the petitioner filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus.
1. Subject Matter Jurisdiction
To the extent petitioner challenges the INS's discretionary judgement to detain him, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over the case. This Court has held that aliens challenging detention by INS must first exhaust administrative remedies before obtaining habeas review. See, e.g., Ahmed v. McElroy, 1997 WL 414119 (S.D.N.Y. 1997) (holding that a petitioner must file an application for release to the INS District Director prior to filing a habeas petition challenging detention); Salazar v. Reich, 940 F. Supp. 96, 98 (S.D.N.Y. 1996) (although habeas statute does not specifically require exhaustion, "it long has been established that an applicant for the writ first must exhaust his administrative remedies") (citing Gonzalez v. Perrill, 919 F.2d 1, 1-2 (2d Cir. 1990)). Because petitioner has not yet obtained a decision on his application to the District Director for release, his petition before this Court is premature.
Even if this Court had jurisdiction to consider the merits of the instant petition, a dismissal of the petition would be warranted for reasons stated below.
In 1996, prior to filing of this petition, Congress enacted the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"), Pub. L. No. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214, and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 ("IIRIRA"), Pub. L. No. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009, which made substantial changes to Title 8 of the United States Code. These laws replaced those provisions of 8 U.S.C. § 1252 (1994), which had dealt with the detention of aliens with new provisions codified at 8 U.S.C. § 1226 (1996). See 8 U.S.C. § 1226 (1996) (Historical and Statutory Notes, 1996 Amendments).
It is well settled that the IIRIRA's transitional custody provisions are applicable to this case.
See IIRIRA § 303(b)(2); In re Noble, 1997 WL 61453 (B.I.A. 1997); Ahmed, 1997 WL 414119 at *2; Oliva v. INS, 97 Civ. 1480 (JGK) (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 23, 1997). The transition provisions provide that the Attorney General shall assume custody of any lawfully admitted alien who has been convicted of an aggravated felony and may release him only if he can demonstrate to the Attorney General's ...