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United States District Court, Southern District of New York

March 1, 1999


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Haight, Senior District Judge.


This case requires the Court to consider whether the Federal Arbitration Act allows a district court or commercial arbitrators to correct an arbitration award based in part upon a mathematical calculation which the arbitrators subsequently acknowledge to be erroneous. The question arises on a petition to modify and correct the award, or alternatively to remand the matter to the arbitrators for further proceedings.


Petitioner Laurin Tankers America, Inc. ("Laurin") chartered the M/T MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM to respondent Stolt Tankers, Inc. ("Stolt") to carry quantities of two chemicals, monoethylene glycol ("MEG") and diethylene glycol ("DEG"), from U.S. Gulf ports to Mediterranean ports. The charterparty contained an agreement for the arbitration of disputes in the City of New York before a panel of three arbitrators.

The MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM is a "parcel tanker." The more conventional vessel's cargo-carrying tanks are filled with the same substance for carriage from one port to another. The parcel tanker, divided into a number of smaller tanks, is capable of loading, carrying, and discharging different substances (or "parcels") at different ports on the same voyage.

On February 21, 1995 the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM arrived at the port of New Orleans to load the Stolt parcels. The designated discharge ports were Torre Annunziata, Italy (south of Naples), and Ravenna, Italy. But the cargoes were not loaded into the vessel. On March 10, 1995, Stolt advised Laurin that it had rejected the vessel, and further advised that Laurin was free to proceed on the voyage and seek alternative employment.

On March 13 the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM sailed from New Orleans to St. Croix, where she loaded a parcel of xylene for discharge at Priolo, Italy pursuant to a previously existing charterparty between Laurin and Enichem Americas, Inc. ("Enichem."). That is to say, Laurin had entered into its charterparty with Enichem before Stolt rejected the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM under the charterparty between Laurin and Stolt. The Enichem charterparty was not substitute business arranged by Laurin after Stolt's rejection of the vessel. Had Stolt performed its charter-party with Laurin, the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM would have loaded Stolt's two parcels at New Orleans, sailed to St. Croix and loaded the Enichem parcel, sailed trans-Atlantic to Priolo and discharged the Enichem parcel, and then sailed to Torre Annunziata to discharge one Stolt parcel and to Ravenna to discharge the other.

Laurin demanded arbitration of its claim that Stolt breached the charterparty by rejecting the vessel at New Orleans. A panel of three experienced maritime arbitrators was appointed: Manfred W. Arnold, Klaus C.J. Mordhorst, and Patrick V. Martin as chairman. After the panel conducted two evidentiary hearings, but before making an award, Stolt conceded liability for wrongful rejection of the vessel and cancellation of the charterparty voyage. That left the arbitrators to decide the amount of Laurin's damages.


The arbitrators did so in a unanimous award dated June 19, 1998. They found that had Stolt performed the charter, Laurin would have earned gross freights of $594,-526.50. But the proper calculation of damages caused by cancellation of the Stolt charter was affected, in the arbitrators' view, by the performance of the Enichem charter, which partially overlapped in time and space with the originally intended Stolt charter. The arbitrators explained their approach as follows:

  From the freight for the notional voyage, i.e.,
  the one that should have been performed, the Owner
  [Laurin] must give credit in its calculations for
  the expenses not incurred in the performance of
  that notional voyage. These include: (1) the fuel
  consumption from New Orleans to St. Croix, (2)
  fuel consumed from St. Croix to Priolo, on a
  pro-rata basis with two-thirds being assessed
  against the Stolt charter and (3) fuel savings for
  the voyage from Priolo to Torre Annunziata and
  Ravena [sic].

Award at pp. 4-5. In a footnote, the arbitrators explained that the two-thirds pro-rating of fuel on the St. Croix/Priolo leg of the voyage, in performance of the Enichem charter, "is based upon the fact that the voyage must be viewed as a total concept," and, thus viewed, "Stolt's cargo represented approximately two-thirds of the total intended cargo and likewise approximately two-thirds of the voyage revenue." Id. at p. 5 n. 1.

The arbitrators undertook to implement this approach by calculating the amounts of fuel oil the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM consumed while at sea during these three passages. I reproduce the arbitrators' calculations, which appear in their award at p. 6:

   Bunkers Nola/St. Croix
      5.1 days x 51.7T x $100)               (29,986.00)
      5.1 days x 4.7 x $151)

   Bunkers Priolo/Torre Annunziata-Ravena
      3.1 days x 51.7T x $100)               (16,027.00)
      3.1 days x 4.7 x $151)                  (2,200.07)

Torre Annunziata-Ravena disbursements     (55,485.00)

   St. Croix/Priolo
      15.3 days x 51.7T x $100 = $79,101
      15.3 days x 4.7 x $151   = 10,858
      2/3 against Stolt voyage               (59,973.00)

The deductions from damages for fuel consumption "not incurred in the performance" of the "notional" Stolt charter total $108,-186.54, comprised of three amounts: $29,986.47
for fuel consumed during the New Orleans/St. Croix passage, fully charged against damages because the MOUNT BLOSSOM sailed to St. Croix solely for the purpose of loading the Enichem cargo; $59,-973.00 for fuel consumed during the St. Croix/Priolo passage, pro-rated two-thirds against damages on the basis previously noted; and $18,277.07 for the Priolo/Torre Annunziata/Ravenna passages, fully charged against damages because the cancellation of the Stolt charterparty relieved the vessel of the necessity of making these passages.*fn1

The arbitrators' calculations of fuel consumption savings appearing on p. 6 of the award employ a form of shorthand, but the meanings appear from the evidence before them, as summarized by Laurin in its present petition, and are not disputed. The notation "51.7T x $100" means 51.7 tons of fuel oil at a cost of $100 per metric ton, which equals $5,170. The notation "4.7 x $151" means 4 .7 tons of diesel oil at a cost of $151 per metric ton, which equals $709.70.*fn2 The arbitrators then multiplied those amounts by the number of days the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM was at sea on each passage. It necessarily follows that the arbitrators regarded these amounts of fuel as the vessel's daily rates of consumption.

We now arrive at the basis for Laurin's petition to the Court. The exhibits and briefs of counsel submitted to the arbitrators, reproduced on this petition, seem to establish beyond question or dispute that the consumption figures of 51.7 tons of fuel oil and 4.7 tons of diesel oil represent not daily consumption, but rather the vessel's total consumptions during the sea passage from Priolo to Torre Annunziata and then on to Ravenna.

Presumably in preparation for the arbitration, on November 5, 1996 Laurin's agent telexed to the master of the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM a request for "some est [estimated] consumptions," namely: "The voy would of [sic] been Priolo to Naples then onto Ravenna. I need est consumptions for the above sea passage (abt 3.10 days)."*fn3 The master telexed back: "Passage consumption HFO/MDO 51.7/4.7 mt." That is a shorthand way of saying that on that sea passage taking 3.1 days, the vessel would have consumed an estimated 51.7 metric tons of heavy fuel oil ("HDO") and an estimated 4.7 metric tons of marine diesel oil ("MDO"). Laurin submitted copies of these telexes to the arbitrators as exhibits.

At the arbitration, Stolt accepted those figures and argued from them. In its main brief to the arbitrators at pp. 11-12, Stolt referred to the "daily bunker consumption of the vessel"*fn4 at sea as "IFO 16.7" and "MDO 1.5."*fn5 The basis for Stolt's calculations of daily consumption is not shrouded in mystery; it may be divined without going to Delphos and sacrificing a sacred dove. Stolt simply adopted the Priolo/Torre Annunziata/Ravenna sea passage consumption estimates contained in Laurin's exhibits. 51.7 tons of fuel oil divided by 3.1 days yields a daily consumption of 16.7 tons. 4.7 tons of diesel oil divided by 3.1 days yields a daily consumption of 1.5 tons. QED.

In these circumstances, and with all due respect to a distinguished panel, it seems beyond cavil that in their calculations, the arbitrators mistakenly factored in the vessel's sea passage fuel consumption as daily fuel consumption. Given the arbitrators' method of measuring the economic impact of the Enichem charter upon Laurin's claim (which Laurin does not challenge), the effect of the arbitrators' error was to exaggerate the deductions from Laurin's recoverable damages on the Stolt charter, thereby improperly reducing the award to Laurin.


Following receipt of the award, Laurin's counsel wrote to the arbitrators, pointed out the apparent error discussed under Point II, and asked that the award be modified "by insertion of 16.7 MT in place of 51.7 MT as the vessel's daily consumption of IFO and 1.5 MT in place of 4.7 MT as the vessel's daily consumption of MDO." Letter dated July 9, 1998 at 5. Counsel for Laurin calculated that those modifications would increase the award in Laurin's favor (after recalculation of interest) from $429,935.36 to $522,920.78.*fn6 Counsel for Stolt, while not agreeing with or contesting Laurin's figures or its claim that the arbitrators had fallen into error, simply responded that the award, once rendered, was final, and that "[t]he doctrine of functus officio precludes the Panel from selectively re-examining parts of the award, so that it may be more to [Laurin's] liking."*fn7 Letter dated July 16, 1998. Counsel for Laurin pressed its request for a modification of the award in a letter to the arbitrators dated July 20, 1998.

The arbitrators responded in a letter dated August 17, 1998 signed by chairman Martin with the authority of arbitrators Arnold and Mordhurst. That letter reads in its entirety:

  The Panel has reviewed the exchange of
  correspondence ending with Nourse & Bowles letter
  of July 20, 1995. Laurin has requested that the
  Panel modify its Award of June 19, 1998, on the
  basis that there was an error in calculating the
  bunker consumption of the vessel. Stolt argues
  that the Panel is functus officio and has no power
  to modify the Award. In response, Laurin states
  that the Panel should merely correct its

  The figure of 51.4mt used by the Panel appears to
  be erroneous. However, what should be the correct
  figure is not obvious or apparent based on the
  evidence submitted during the hearings.

  The Panel will not make any modifications of the
  Award unless jointly requested by the parties to
  do so, or, there is a court order stating that the
  Panel may reopen the Award and make further

In point of fact, the "51.4mt" amount referred to in chairman Martin's letter is in itself erroneous. As we have seen, the arbitrators based their calculations on a purported daily fuel oil consumption of 51.7 metric tons. But this second discrepancy does not affect the resolution of the petition.

Following receipt of the Martin letter, Laurin filed this petition under the Federal Arbitration Act ("FAA"), 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq.


Subject matter jurisdiction over Laurin's petition is present because the arbitration agreement forms part of a maritime contract of charterparty. See FAA, 9 U.S.C. § 1, 2. Venue is proper because the award was made in this district.

Laurin relies primarily upon § 11(a). Section 11 provides in its entirety:

  In either of the following cases the United States
  court in and for the district wherein the award
  was made may make an order modifying or correcting
  the award upon the application of any party to the

  (a) Where there was an evident material
  miscalculation of figures or an evident material
  mistake in the description of any

  person, thing, or property referred to in the

  (b) Where the arbitrators have awarded upon a
  matter not submitted to them, unless it is a
  matter not affecting the merits of the decision
  upon the matter submitted.

  (c) Where the award is imperfect in matter of form
  not affecting the merits of the controversy.

  The order may modify and correct the award, so as
  to effect the intent thereof and promote justice
  between the parties.

Laurin contends that this case falls squarely within the wording of § 11(a). In Laurin's view, the arbitrators made "an evident material miscalculation of figures" with respect to the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM's fuel consumption, thereby reducing the award to Laurin, and entitling Laurin to an order of this Court "modifying or correcting the award . . ., so as to effect the intent thereof and promote justice between the parties." The order that Laurin asks the Court to enter would adopt the dollar increase in the award that it asked the arbitrators to make in the post-award correspondence. In the alternative, Laurin asks the Court to remand the case to the arbitrators for further proceedings to correct their error.

Stolt nowhere challenges Laurin's contention that the arbitrators made the miscalculation Laurin describes. Instead, Stolt argues that Laurin is not entitled to either form of alternative relief, for several reasons: first, the grounds for judicial review of arbitration awards are limited, and none applies here; second, § 11(a) as interpreted by case law requires that the arbitrators' miscalculation or mistake appear "on the face of the award," and none appears here; third, a remand to arbitrators is appropriate only to correct an ambiguity in the award, and none appears here; and fourth, the arbitrators lack authority to redetermine Laurin's damages, since the making of a final award rendered them functus officio.

The briefs of counsel cite cases in support of these various propositions. I will discuss some of them. But the parties do not cite the case which seems to me the most instructive, given the facts of the case at bar.

That case is Saxis Steamship. Co. v. Multifacs International Traders, Inc., 375 F.2d 577 (2d Cir. 1967). Disputes arising out of a time charterparty calling for voyages to South Vietnamese ports were submitted to arbitration. The charterer stopped making hire payments to the owner, under circumstances which I need not recount. In consequence, "Saxis [the owner] claimed $300,-795.64 from Multifacs [the charterer] for the non-payment of hire, war risk insurance and crew area bonus for the period from January 27, 1966 to March 27, 1966 and demanded arbitration in accordance with the terms of the charter party." 375 F.2d at 581. Under the contract, the cost of war risk insurance and crew area bonuses were to be paid by the charterer.

After the arbitrators made their award, the district court confirmed it and the Second Circuit affirmed.*fn8 The court of appeals' decision contains this footnote, which can only be characterized as intriguing in the context of the present case:

  The original award was $265,795.64, less $5,171.20
  for payments by Multifacs to Saigon agents, which
  was the only claim it was permitted to set off.
  The arbitrators made a mistake in computation of
  war risk insurance and crew area bonuses, however,
  and were properly permitted by the district court
  to revise their computation for that amount upward
  from $107,541.20 to $132,356.07, making a total
  award of $290,-611.51, less $5,151.20.

375 F.2d at 581 n. 4.

The district court's opinion in Saxis was not officially reported, and of course the arbitrators' award cannot be found in those austere West Publishing Company volumes. But that indispensable resource, American Maritime Cases, allows a complete understanding of the case, for both the award, 1967 A.M.C. 140, and the district court opinion, 1967 A.M.C. 129 (E.D.N.Y. 1966) (Dooling, J.), are printed in full.

From those documents, the careful reader learns that on June 8, 1966, the arbitrators issued an award in favor of Saxis and against Multifacs. On June 23, 1966, the arbitrators issued an "addendum to the award" (to use the arbitrators' phrase, 1967 A.M.C. at 146 n. *) or a "Supplemental Award" (to use the district court's phrase, 1967 A.M.C. at 133). We know both dates because Judge Dooling began his opinion for the district court with the sentence: "Saxis Steamship Co. moves to confirm an award of arbitrators dated June 8, 23, 1966, against Multifacs International Traders, Inc. in the amount of $290,611.11, less $5,171.20, for breach of a time charter." 1967 A.M.C. at 129 (parentheses and footnote omitted). The court of appeals' phrase "[t]he original award" of "$265,795.64, less $5,171.20" (emphasis added), 375 F.2d at 581 n. 4, is clearly a reference to the June 8, 1966 award, containing a mistaken computation of war risk insurance and crew area bonuses, which the arbitrators "were properly permitted by the district court to revise," id. That revision took the form of the June 23 addendum (or Supplemental Award). We know that because the arbitrators described in a footnote their allowance of $132,356.07 for "unpaid war risk and crew area bonus" (the upwardly revised amount) "as amended by June 23, 1966 addendum to the award." 1967 A.M.C. at 146 n*.

We also know that the Saxis arbitrators corrected their miscalculation because the parties asked them to do so. We know that from Judge Dooling's discussion at 1967 A.M.C. 132-33:

  It is argued that the arbitrators could not amend
  their award to correct an obvious error. The error
  consisted in a failure to use the figure for war
  risk insurance and crew area bonus that
  corresponded to their award of charter hire. It is
  true that arbitrators, unlike a court, are
  generally supposed to cease to exist as a tribunal
  as soon as they have delivered their award. But in
  the present case, as it happens, respondent, too,
  wished to have the award opened for a further
  damages hearing and did not oppose the reopening
  on the ground now urged. Quite apart from that
  consideration, however, the power to correct
  obvious error in the translation of its own
  decision into an award-amount must inhere in the
  very nature of such a tribunal and, if it does not,
  in the Court which is asked to give their award
  effect. . . . In any case, the result reached now
  must be that, if need be, the award is corrected
  under 9 U.S. Code, sec. 11(a) to the extent
  indicated by the Supplemental Award.

(emphasis added; citations omitted).

While Saxis differs from the case at bar in that both owner and charterer asked the arbitrators for a further damages hearing, that does not serve to distinguish the point of principle upon which the district court decided the case and the court of appeals affirmed, namely, an arbitration panel's "power to correct obvious error in the translation of its own decision into an award-amount." And, if it be said that an order of court is necessary to give effect to a supplemental award correcting a miscalculation in the original award, the court's power to make such order is conferred, as Judge Dooling observed, by § 11(a) of the FAA.

Chairman Martin's letter on behalf of the arbitration panel, while acknowledging that the panel used an "erroneous" figure for fuel oil consumption, declined to modify the award "unless jointly requested by the parties to do so" (which will never occur) or "there is a court order stating that the Panel may reopen the Award and make further findings." In my judgment, the Saxis case teaches that the arbitrators at bar had the inherent power to deal with their error once it was pointed out to them, notwithstanding Stolt's recitation of that dread common law Latinism functus officio, a doctrine that Judge Dooling held did not and could not abrogate the arbitrators' inherent power.


The foregoing analysis indicates that Laurin is entitled to some form of relief. I find some additional authority for that proposition in the cases cited by Laurin; and the cases cited by Stolt do not persuade me otherwise.

First, I am not persuaded that Laurin must be denied any relief under FAA § 11(a) because the arbitrator's "miscalculation of figures" (clearly "material" in amount) is not "evident." The award recites on its face that the arbitrators based their calculations on a 51.7 ton daily consumption of fuel oil. Laurin states without contradiction that "a consumption of 51.7MT/day is grossly excessive for a vessel of 19,957MT deadweight", that being the MOUNTAIN BLOSSOM'S tonnage as stated in the charterparty; rather, so great a daily consumption is "roughly equivalent to that of a 150,000MT deadweight vessel," Reply Brief at 5 (citing two numbered Society of Maritime Arbitrators Awards in support of the latter factual assertion). It follows that calculating so large a daily amount of fuel oil consumption by so relatively small a vessel constitutes a "miscalculation" which was or should have been "evident" to anyone familiar with the industry, as these arbitrators surely were. Accordingly, assuming without deciding that in order to be "evident" under § 11(a) the arbitrators' miscalculation must "appear on the face of the award" (a phrase the statute does not use), that requirement is satisfied in the case at bar.

Even the cases cited by Stolt suggest, at least, a less inflexible approach. Colonial Penn Insurance Co. v. Omaha Indemnity Co., 943 F.2d 327, 332 (3d Cir. 1991), identifies as an exception to the functus offico doctrine an arbitrator's power to "correct a mistake which is apparent on the face of his award," an exception which the Third Circuit further defined as "applied to clerical mistakes or obvious errors in arithmetic computation," id. Given the record before them, the arbitrators made "an obvious error" in their "arithmetic computation" of the vessel's fuel consumption, an error which they promptly acknowledged.

In Hough v. Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, 757 F. Supp. 283, 288 (S.D.N.Y. 1991), aff'd, 946 F.2d 883 (2d Cir. 1991), Judge Conner said: "Where no mathematical error appears on the face of the award and where no computational error can be clearly inferred, an arbitration award will not be altered." (emphasis added). Judge Conner cited for that proposition City of Troy v. Village of Menands, 48 A.D.2d 733, 367 N.Y.S.2d 872, 873 (3d Dept. 1975) where the court said: "Accordingly, since there are no mathematical errors on the face of the arbitrators' award and since no computational errors can be clearly inferred, this court cannot alter the final award . . ." (emphasis added). In the case at bar, the circumstances compel the inference of the arbitrators' self-acknowledged computational error.

Other cases sanction judicial modification or correction of arbitration awards in circumstances analogous to those at bar. In Atlantic Aviation Inc. v. EBM Group, Inc., 11 F.3d 1276 (5th Cir. 1994), the district court regarded itself as without power to modify or correct an arbitration award without affecting the merits of the dispute. The Fifth Circuit reversed and remanded to the district court with instructions to correct the arbitrators' award to reflect an amount concededly owed by one party to the other, which the arbitrators had omitted in calculating the award. The Fifth Circuit reasoned at 11 F.3d 1284:

  We find that the failure of the panel to award the
  balance remaining under the contract to Atlantic
  was in essence a clerical error which may be
  corrected without disturbing the merits of the
  arbitrators' decision. Neither party disputed that
  the money was owed, and the testimony of a
  majority of the arbitrators reveals that it was
  the panel's intention to offset the amount awarded
  to EBM by the amount EBM still owed to Atlantic.
  Correcting the award to reflect this intention
  neither changes the panel's findings that Atlantic
  breached its duty timely to deliver the aircraft
  to EBM nor affects the panel's award of $16,664 to

So in the case at bar, Laurin and Stolt agreed in their submissions to the arbitrators on the vessel's rates of fuel consumption to be used in calculating Laurin's damages. The arbitrators' error in transforming an undisputed sea passage consumption amount into a daily consumption amount may be regarded as clerical; and the court may fashion an appropriate remedy for Laurin without affecting or altering the arbitrators' resolution of the merits of the dispute.

Laurin also relies upon Transnitro, Inc. v. M/V WAVE, 943 F.2d 471 (4th Cir. 1991), a charterparty arbitration case in which the district court modified the arbitrators' award by adding one item of expense incurred in connection with the charter, but declined to add another. The Fourth Circuit affirmed the district court on the modification it had made to the award and remanded the case with instructions to make the other. Because the parties had failed to call either expense item to the arbitrators' attention, the errors in the award "were apparently not the fault of the arbitrators," 943 F.2d at 474; nor could they, in those circumstances, have appeared "on the face of the award." Nonetheless, the Fourth Circuit concluded that "there were, within the meaning of subsection [11](a), material mistakes made in the arbitration proceeding as to interest on the bond and, according to the owner, as to other expenses," and that the district court had "power under subsection (a) to do equity and justice." Id. The case is instructive because it shows that, in proper circumstances, a reviewing court may look beyond "the face of the award" to "the arbitration proceeding" to "do equity and justice." It is also worth noting the Fourth Circuit's observation that if the errors had been "the fault of the arbitrators," then "relief under 9 U.S.C. § 11(a) would have been available," a proposition for which it cited Saxis Steamship Co., supra, as authority. 943 F.2d at 474 and n. *.


I conclude that in the circumstances of this case, Laurin is entitled to relief, specifically under FAA § 11(a), and also in the light of the general language that appears in the last sentence of that section.*fn9 The remaining question is what form that relief should take.

Laurin contends that the Court should enter an order correcting the award by making the upward adjustment to which Laurin claims it is entitled by the correct fuel consumption figures. I decline to do so.

While chairman Martin's letter to counsel acknowledged on behalf of the arbitration panel that "[t]he figure of 51.4MT used by the Panel appears to be erroneous," that letter expressly refused to accept Laurin's assertion as to what the correct figure should be. On the contrary, chairman Martin wrote on behalf of the arbitrators, "what should be the correct figure is not obvious or apparent based on the evidence submitted during the hearings."

Laurin now argues to the Court that I should disregard that assertion by the arbitrators as plainly wrong. While I confess to having some difficulty in understanding why the correct figure is not apparent from the evidence and submissions of counsel during the arbitration, see Point II supra, the fact remains that this issue goes squarely to the merits of the parties' dispute, and resolution of the merits is for the arbitrators, not for the Court. I have no reason to doubt that the arbitrators made their disclaimer in good faith.

The arbitrators make it clear in chairman Martin's letter that they are prepared to address their miscalculation and make further findings if directed by the Court to reopen the case. I think that, once they recognized their miscalculation, the arbitrators had the power under the Second Circuit's analysis in Saxis to issue a supplementary award without any order from this Court. In any event, a remand to the arbitrators so that they may address their own self-acknowledged miscalculation and develop such evidence as may be necessary to arrive at the correct figure is the better course for the Court to follow.

For the foregoing reasons, I conclude that where, as here, a material miscalculation of figures by arbitrators is evident upon the face of the award, or compelled by the circumstances of the case, and the arbitrators have themselves explicitly conceded their use of an erroneous figure, FAA § 11(a) gives the Court the power to remand the case to the arbitrators with directions to reopen the proceedings and to make further findings.

The case is respectfully remanded to the arbitrators for further proceedings consistent with this Opinion. This Court retains jurisdiction over any further applications that may be made.


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