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Widerker v. Castro

Other Lower Courts

March 5, 2001

Judith Widerker et al., Petitioners,
Rita Castro et al., Respondents.


Glenn Michaelson, Brooklyn, for Judith Widerker, petitioner.

Brooklyn Legal Services Corp. B (John Gray and Raun Rasmussen of counsel), for Rita Castro, respondent.

Page 572


Johnny L. Baynes, J.

The petitioners landlords in this RPAPL article 7 licensee holdover proceeding have moved this Court for an order granting a final judgment of possession by summary judgment pursuant to CPLR 3212, and the scheduling of a hearing to determine an award of use and occupancy pendente lite. Respondents have submitted a cross motion seeking dismissal of the proceeding pursuant to CPLR 3211 (a) (7). Both parties' attorneys have submitted reply affirmations in opposition to the respective motions.

Upon reviewing the motions, their supporting affidavits and affirmations, and the exhibits annexed thereto, and after hearing oral argument, this Court initially makes the following findings based upon the undisputed facts. Petitioners are the owners of the subject premises located at 362 Henry Street, Brooklyn (the Subject Premises), having purchased it from the former owner Long Island College Hospital (LICH). Respondent, Rita Castro, was LICH's rent-controlled tenant residing in another building located at 100 Atlantic Avenue. In or about 1989, the back wall of a third, adjacent building located at 94 Atlantic Avenue collapsed. Ms. Castro, with the assistance of legal counsel, subsequently entered into a January 8, 1992 agreement with LICH pursuant to which Ms. Castro was moved into the " ground floor" of the Subject Premises (the LICH Agreement). The LICH Agreement expressly provides that the move was " at the request and for the convenience of LICH," and that the rent was being " set at $58.00 per month, commencing as of the first day of the month following the date of move-in." LICH further agreed: to register the ground floor apartment with the New York State Division of Housing and Community Renewal (DHCR) as a rent-controlled apartment; to fully renovate said ground floor and make it habitable on or before May 31, 1992; to not seek or request any rent increases based upon the work done or costs and expenses incurred in completing the applicable renovations; and to continue supplying heat and hot water. It was further agreed that upon LICH's default in timely completing the required renovations, Ms. Castro could stop paying rent at 100 Atlantic Avenue, and would be compensated by LICH in the amount of $500 per month. It is undisputed that respondents now occupy the " ground floor" of the Subject Premises.

The parties apparently agree that all references to the " ground floor" of the Subject Premises and the " basement" of

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said premises allude to the same space. [1] It is noted that the Subject Premises' certificate of occupancy describes the " basement" as " Two (2) families." [2] Said certificate of occupancy further refers to the " first" through " fourth" floors.A ccordingly, petitioners' reference to the " basement/ground level" of the Subject Premises is, for the moment, deemed to be synonymous with respondents' and the LICH Agreement's reference to the " ground floor."

Petitioners initially argued that LICH had failed to register respondents' tenancy with DHCR as rent controlled in accordance with the LICH Agreement, and that such failure established that she does not possess such a tenancy. Alternatively, petitioners argue that respondents' failure to insist upon LICH's registration of their apartment as rent controlled after moving in essentially amounts to a waiver of the provision.

With respect to petitioners' first argument, respondents have correctly argued that the former landlord's failure to register the apartment has no bearing upon the determination of whether or not they are rent-controlled tenants. In this regard, the courts have repeatedly held that it is the fact of occupancy and not forms submitted to DHCR that establishes the rent-controlled status of an apartment. (See, e.g., Forbes v Lomazow, 22 A.D.2d 800 [2d Dept. 1964].)

With respect to petitioners' second, waiver argument, respondents correctly note that petitioners have not identified any statute or case law supporting such an argument. By contrast, respondents have set forth the general rules: that where, as here, rent-controlled tenants relocate " at the request and for the convenience" of a landlord, they retain the protections of the rent control laws (see Matter of Capone v Weaver, 6 N.Y.2d 307, 309 [1959]); that the transferee of real property takes the premises subject to the conditions as to tenancy established by the predecessor (see, e.g., 52 Riverside Realty Co. v Ebenhart, 119 A.D.2d 452, 453 [1st Dept. 1986]); and that actual possession of real property is sufficient to provide notice thereof to prospective purchasers. (Phelan v Brady, 119 N.Y. 587, 591-592 [1890].)

In view of the foregoing, it is the opinion of this Court: that respondents moved into the ...

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