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MARSCHOK v. U.S.

July 19, 2001

DONNA MARSCHOK PLAINTIFF,
V.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND KENNETH S. APFEL, COMMISSIONER OF THE UNITED STATES SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Spatt, District Judge.

MEMORANDUM OF DECISION AND ORDER

This case arises out of an alleged failure of the defendant Kenneth F. Apfel, Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (the "Commissioner" or a "defendant") to deduct money from Social Security Disability benefits received by Thomas Fox ("Fox"), the ex-husband of Donna Marschok ("Marschok" or the "plaintiff"), and to forward those deducted monies to the plaintiff for the purpose of satisfying Fox's overdue child support and alimony — now known as maintenance — payments. The plaintiff commenced this action by filing a complaint on June 2, 2000, in which she alleged violations of the New York State Support Enforcement Act of 1985, see New York Civil Practice Law and Rules ("CPLR") § 5241. On October 10, 2000, this Court approved a stipulation of discontinuance, which states, "Whereas the Defendant, Commissioner, has provided, and will continue to provide, the relief sought, It is hereby stipulated and agreed by and between the parties hereto, by and through their respective attorneys, that this action be discontinued with prejudice."

Presently before the Court is an application by the plaintiff, pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412, for an award of fees and expenses as the prevailing party in a civil action against the United States.

I. BACKGROUND

The following facts are taken from the complaint and should not be considered the factual or legal findings of this Court. In March 1980, Donna Marschok and Thomas Fox were married and on August 11, 1980, their daughter, Kimberly Dawn Fox, was born. Marschok and Fox were divorced on August 8, 1985, and pursuant to an order of the Supreme Court, Suffolk County, Marschok was awarded custody of Kimberly. The Supreme Court ordered Fox to pay the plaintiff alimony — now known as "maintenance" — and child support totaling the sum of $150 per week. The court also awarded Marschok the sum of $5,140, in arrears, pursuant to a previous court order.

On September 24, 1991, Marschok commenced an action in the Family Court, Suffolk County, seeking to establish the amount of past support Fox owed her and to increase Fox's child support obligation. On or about December 16, 1991, Marschok and Fox settled that action by entering into an "Agreement to Support." In particular, the parties agreed that Fox owed Marschok the sum of $30,420, which he would pay in weekly installments over a 10-year period. The parties also agreed that Fox would pay Marschok the weekly sum of $75 in future child support. In an order dated March 13, 1992, the Family Court, Suffolk County, approved and adopted the Agreement to Support. Thereafter, Fox failed to make a single payment owed to Marschok pursuant to the Agreement to Support.

Just prior to Kimberly Fox's eighteenth birthday, on August 11, 1998, Marschok learned that Fox was receiving Social Security Disability benefits and began deducting the sum of $2412 from those benefits. After Kimberly turned 18, Marschok tried to continue deducting her support payments from Fox's disability benefits, but Fox refused to consent to such deductions.

On November 9, 1999, pursuant to CPLR § 5241, the plaintiff served a Notice of Income Execution for Support Enforcement ("Notice of Income Execution") on Fox. The Notice of Income Execution stated that Fox owed a total of $55,320 and advised Fox that 60% of his disability benefits would be deducted from his check and given to Marschok unless he asserted a mistake of fact. Fox did not raise such a defense.

On December 6, 1999, again pursuant to CPLR § 5241, the plaintiff served the defendant United States of America and the defendant Commissioner with a Notice of Income Deduction. Marschok alleges that because defendant Commissioner is an "Income Payor," as that term is defined in CPLR § 5241(a)(5)(ii), the Commissioner is required to deduct a portion of Fox's benefits and forward the money to Marschok. Although Fox continued to receive Social Security Disability benefits, defendant Commissioner allegedly failed to deduct and forward the monies due to the plaintiff.

The government does not dispute that Marschok is the prevailing party; that counsel for the plaintiff is entitled to attorney's fees; or that counsel spent 5.8 hours working on this case. However, the government does object to the hourly rate claimed by plaintiff's counsel on the ground that it exceeds the statutory cap of $125 per hour pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A). Thus, the government requests that the Court set the hourly rate of compensation for attorney's fees at the statutory rate of $125 per hour.

II. DISCUSSION

The purpose of the EAJA is to ease the economic imbalance between an individual claimant and the United States in order to reduce the likelihood that challenges to unreasonable bureaucratic actions will be deterred by the high cost of litigating against the Government. Reyes v. Secretary of Health and Human Services, 807 F. Supp. 293, 297 (S.D.N.Y. 1992),(citing Environmental Defense Fund, Inc. v. Watt, 722 F.2d 1081, 1086 (2d Cir. 1983)). To this end, the EAJA provides that a court shall award fees and expenses to the prevailing party in an action brought by or against the Government, "unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or the special circumstances make an award unjust." 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). In particular, the statute requires proof: (1) that the claimant is a prevailing party; (2) that the Government's position was not substantially justified; (3) that no special circumstances make an award unjust; and (4) that the fee application be submitted to the court within 30 days of the entry of the final judgment. Kerin v. United States Postal Service, 218 F.3d 185, 189 (2d Cir. 2000) (setting forth the statutory requirements).

Marschok's status as the prevailing party and the timely application for fees are not in dispute; therefore those requirements have been met. In addition, the Government raises no "special circumstances" that would make an award ...


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