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U.S. v. HARDING

June 13, 2003

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AGAINST RUSSELL A. HARDING, DEFENDANT.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lewis A. Kaplan, District Judge

ORDER

Counsel are advised that the Court may take judicial notice, pursuant to FED. R. EVID. 201, of the following factual propositions:

JPEG/JPG

1. "JPEG" is an acronym for Joint Photographic Experts Group.

2. JPEG refers to a data compression method that can reduce the size of digital data files beneath their uncompressed sizes.

3. JPEG is referred to also as JPG.

4. JPEG compression frequently is used to compress graphic as opposed to text data files.

5. Text may be converted into a graphic data file by optical scanning.

6. Graphic data files containing images of textual material may be created, or converted into, JPEG files and stored in that format.

File Extensions

7. Files stored on personal computers each have file names.

8. In DOS, various versions of Windows, and other operating systems, file names typically are in the format [file name].XXX.

9. The portion of the file name following the period and indicated in paragraph 8 by the characters XXX is ...


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