June 10, 2004
LATRELLF. SPREWELL, Plaintiff(s),
NYP HOLDINGS, INC., MARC BERMAN, et al., Defendant(s), Index No. 12292312002
MARCY FRIEDMAN Justice, Supreme Court
In this defamation action, defendants move to compel non-party Madison Square Garden ("MSG") to produce documents in response to a subpoena duces tecum served on MSG. The subpoena contained 15 document requests seeking, among other items, documents relating to disciplinary actions taken by MSG against plaintiff, medical records and other documents pertaining to plaintiffs hand injury that is at issue in the action, and documents related to plaintiff's settlement of a grievance against the Knicks. MSG and non-parties Steve Mills, Mike Saunders, Scott Lay den, and Dr. Susan Craig-Scott ("non-parties") cross-move for a protective order and to quash subpoenas seeking depositions of the non-parties.
In its opposition to defendants' motion, MSG expressly states that it "reached an agreement with Defendants on the scope of the documents to be produced, resulting in MSG agreeing to produce more documents than reflected in its written objections." (MSG Memo of Law at 1.) MSG further states that "the Non-Parties wish to make clear that they do not seek a protective order quashing the discovery of confidential materials. To the contrary, the Non-Parties seek only an order prohibiting the public dissemination of these materials and the use of such information for reasons unrelated to this action." ( Id. at 7.) Thus, MSG seeks "an order providing that the confidential personnel decisions and deliberations about its then employee, the employee's medical records and the confidential settlement agreement entered into with the employee be accorded confidential treatment during the pretrial proceedings in this case." ( Id. at 2.)
New York courts " 'have long recognized that civil actions and proceedings should be open to the public in order to ensure that they are conducted efficiently, honestly and fairly'." ( Danco Labs., Ltd. v Chemical Works of Gedcon Richter, Ltd , 274 A.D.2d 1, 7 [1st Dept 2000], quoting Matter of Conservatorship of Brownstone, 191A.D.2d 167, 168.) However, while the "presumption of public access is broad, " "it is not ubsolute." (Id.) Thus, "material confidential in nature, or information which is subject to abuse if widely disseminated, shall be accorded judicial safeguards where possible" (Snyder v Parke, Davis & Co., 56 A.D.2d 536, 536-537 [1stDept 1977]; McLaughlin v Searle.Inc. 38 A.D.2d 810, 811 [1st Dept 1972]), and may be subject to a confidentiality agreement. (See Yatter v William Morris Agency, Inc., 273 A.D.2d 83 [1stDept 2000]; Butt v New Ynrk Med. Coll.. 2004 NY App Div LEXIS 7231 [2d Dept 2004].) Courts have therefore required confidential treatment of information containing "trade or business secrets, secret processes or research or any other confidential material." (Snyder. 56 A.D.2d at 537; Tvmko v K-Mai-t Discount Stores. Inc..75 A.D.2d 987 [4th Dept 19801.lv dismissed 51 N.Y.2d708.)
Here, however, the conclusory assertions of MSG's counsel that the documents are confidential and subject to abuse by defendants are insufficient to entitle MSG lo a confidentiality order. (See New York State Elec. and Gas Corp. v Lexington Jns. Co.. 160A.D.2d 241 [lst Dept 19901; New York State Businessmen's Group, Inc. v Dalton, 154A.D.2d 801 [3d Dept 1989].) MSG makes no claim that the subpoenaed documents contain trade or business secrets or are protected by a privilege. Nor does MSG claim that the documents, including internal communications, concern its disciplinary policies or procedures in general, which would arguably be subject to confidentiality, as opposed to particular disciplinary determinations made with regard to plaintiff. As to documents related to plaintiffs medical treatment, it is undisputed that plaintiff has placed his medical condition in controversy and that defendants are entitled to discovery concerning his condition. (See Hoenig v Westphal. 52N.Y.2d 605.) MSG makes no showing that such disclosure should be subject to a confidentiality order.
In so holding, the court recognizes that MSG is not a party to the litigation and that courts have held that discovery by non-parties may be accorded confidentiality where necessary to protect them .from undue burdens. (See, e.
g., Republic of Philippines v Westinghouse Elec. Corp., 949 F.2d 653 [3d Cir 1991 ].) In this case, however, there is no showing by MSG that discovery will cause any burden or hardship or, indeed, that there are any sensitive materials requiring protection.
As to the settlement agreement in question, MSG argues that it should be treated as confidential because it contains a confidentiality provision. Although the pertinent language of the agreement is not provided by any party, the existence of such a provision is not disputed. Nor do defendants make any showing that any basis exists for setting aside the provision. (See Speken
v Columbia Presbyterian Med. Ctr. , 304 A.D.2d 489 [1st Dept 20031.) MSG's production of the settlement agreement therefore shall be subject to the confidentiality provision in the agreement.
MSG and the other non-parties also cross-move to quash subpoenas ad testificandum served on non-party witnesses Mike Saunders, the Knicks' team trainer; Scott Layden, former General Manager of the Knicks; and Dr. Susan Craig-Scott, who performed hand surgery on plaintiff. As a threshold matter, the non-parties contend that the subpoenas should be quashed because they fail to comply with CPLR 3101(a)(4).
CPLR 3101(a)(4) provides that discovery of "matter material and necessary in the prosecution or defense of an action" may be obtained from a non-party "upon notice stating the circumstances or reasons such disclosure is sought or required."
Although defendants claim that counsel for the non-parties was informed of the reasons they sought to depose the non-parties, the subpoenas are facially defective as they fail to state "the circumstances or reasons such disclosure is sought." ( Da Stafano v MT Health
clubs , Inc., 220 A.D.2d 331 [Is' Dept 1995].) Defendants now assert that they arc entitled to depositions of each of these witnesses because they "may have vastly differing accounts of a main issue in this case: namely, knowledge about what Plaintiff, and any individuals associated with Plaintiff, may have said about how the Hand Injury occurred." (Ds' Reply Memo at 10.)
The court declines to enforce the subpoenas ad testificandum due to the facial deficiency of the subpoenas, especially where, as here, there is significant document discovery outstanding which may provide the information sought by defendants from these non-parties' depositions. ( Cf. Da Sta.fa.no v
MT Health Clubs, Tnc, 220 AI)2d 331, supra.) The quashing of the subpoenas is without prejudice, however, to defendants' right to seek to depose non-parties upon a proper showing of need for such depositions after medical records and other document discovery has been completed.
Accordingly, defendants' motion and the cross-motion of MSG and the non-parties are granted to the extent that it is
ORDERED that MSG shall produce, within 20 days of service of a copy of this order with notice of entry, documents responsive to defendants' subpoena dated January 8, 2004, in accordance with the terms of this decision and order; and it is further
ORDERED that the subpoenas served on non-parties Mike Saunders, Scott Lay den, and Dr. Susan Craig-Scott are quashed; and it is further
ORDERED that the compliance conference scheduled in Part 57 on June 24, 2004 is adjourned to July 22, 2004 at 2:30 p.m.
This constitutes the decision and order of the court.