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United States District Court, S.D. New York

December 1, 2004.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: HAROLD BAER, JR., District Judge[fn1] [fn1] Nelson Wen, a Fall 2004 intern in my Chambers and second-year law student at New York University School of Law, provided substantive assistance in the research and drafting of this opinion.


On September 13, 2004, Plaintiff Wells Fargo Bank, National Association ("Wells Fargo") was granted summary judgment, pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 56, on all claims against Defendants BrooksAmerica Mortgage Corporation ("BrooksAmerica") and Michael Brooks, and was awarded $334,140.44 plus pre-judgment interest. As part of the Order, Plaintiff was also awarded attorneys' fees, in an amount to be determined. Accordingly, Plaintiff moves, pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 54, for an award of $108,892.31 in attorneys' fees and other disbursements. For the reasons set forth below, Wells Fargo's motion is GRANTED.


  Wells Fargo references two provisions, one in the Lease and one in the Guaranty, which set forth BrooksAmerica's obligations with respect to attorneys' fees. The first provision, found in the Lease, provides:

Lessee [BrooksAmerica] shall pay all costs and expenses incurred by Lessor [Wells Fargo] in exercising any of its rights or remedies under this Lease, including expenses of retaking, holding, preparing for lease or sale, or leasing and selling of the Equipment, and reasonable attorneys' fees and legal expenses.
The provision in the Guaranty reads as follows:
The undersigned hereby agree[s], without demand, immediately to reimburse Lessor for all costs and expenses including reasonable attorneys' fees incurred in the enforcement of this guaranty.
(Bass Decl. Ex. B, Gaur. Agr.). This Court held BrooksAmerica liable to Wells Fargo for payments pursuant to the Lease and awarded both pre-judgment interest and attorneys' fees. Wells Fargo v. BrooksAmerica, No. 02 Civ. 446702, 2004 WL 2072358, at *11 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 14, 2004).

  Wells Fargo estimated $108,892.31 for legal services expended in the prosecution of its suit against BrooksAmerica. In particular, Wells Fargo seeks $107,955 in attorneys' fees and $937.31 in disbursements (including long-distance telephone calls, facsimile charges and mail and freight charges). BrooksAmerica did not file a reply.


  Under the general "American rule," "attorney's fees are incidents of litigation and a prevailing party may not collect them from the loser unless an award is authorized by agreement between the parties, statute or court rule." Hooper Assoc., Ltd. v. AGS Computers, Inc., 549 N.Y.S. 2d 365 (1989). Provided the parties agree to an award of attorney fees, the amount is generally determined by "[A] the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation multiplied by [B] a reasonable hourly rate." Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 434 (1983).

  A. Reasonable Hourly Rates

  To be reasonable, requested hourly rates charged for legal services must be "in line with those prevailing in the community for similar services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience and reputation." Blum v. Stenson, 465 U.S. 886, 895 n. 11 (1984). The community by which this Court evaluates the reasonableness of hourly rates is the Southern District of New York. W. ex rel. N.W. v. Brd. of Educ. of City of New York (Dist. Two), 257 F. Supp. 2d 600, 604 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) ("The relevant community to which the court should look is the district in which the case was brought."). In support of a requested hourly rate, the moving party may not rely solely on affidavits of attorneys, Blum, 465 U.S. at 896, but must provide "contemporaneous time records that . . . specify the name of each attorney working on the file, the date the work was done, the hours spent, and the nature of the work performed." Mikes v. Straus, 274 F.3d 687 (2d Cir. 2001). A determination of reasonable attorneys' fees in this district should "look to the rates charged by comparable firms in the New York area in each of the years" of the litigation. Gucci America, Inc. v. Rebecca Gold Enter., Inc., No. 89 Civ. 4736, 1993 WL 88270, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 23, 1993). Counsel for Wells Fargo in this matter, Kutak Rock LLP, is a large firm of approximately 325 attorneys that worked on the case from March 2002 until October 19, 2004. Seven partners and "of counsel" attorneys, four associates, five paralegals, and one summer associate billed for their time spent on this case.*fn3

  1. Rates for Partners and Of Counsel

  Wells Fargo requests from $290 (in 2002) to $350 (in 2004) per hour for lead counsel (who has 23 years' experience), and from $200 to $350 per hour for the other partners and "of counsel" attorneys who worked on the case (who have between 8 and 25 years' experience). (Bass Decl. Ex. 1; 3). These rates fall well within the range of rates awarded to partners of large law firms with comparable experience in 2002, and, therefore, are reasonable. See Baird v. Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP, 219 F.Supp.2d 510, 523 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) ($375 per hour for a partner with fourteen years' experience and $300 per hour for a partner with ten years' experience were reasonable); McDonald v. Pension Plan of NYSA-ILA Pension Trust Fund, No. 99 Civ. 9054, 2002 WL 1974054, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 27, 2002) ($325 per hour reasonable rate for a partner with over twenty years' experience); L.G.W.U. Nat'l Ret. Fund v. ESI Group, Inc., No. 92 Civ. 0597, 2003 WL 135797, at *3 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 17, 2003) ($350 per hour reasonable for experienced partners).

  2. Rates for Associates

  Wells Fargo seeks between $110 per hour (in 2002) and $220 per hour (in 2004) for associates who range from summer associates to associates with 12 years' experience. Such fees appear reasonable in light of awards given to associates with comparable experience in this District. See Irish v. City of New York, No. 98 Civ. 7131, 2004 WL 444544, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 10, 2004) ($250 per hour reasonable for attorney with seven years' experience).

  3. Paralegals

  Wells Fargo requests paralegal fees of $60 per hour to $110 per hour. As with the associate fees, the requested fees are reasonable given the market rate for paralegal services during the relevant period. Moon v. Gab Kwon, 2002 WL 31512816, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 8, 2002) (hourly paralegal rate of $100 held reasonable); Marathon Ashland Petroleum, 2003 WL 21355216, at *2 ($99 per hour reasonable for paralegal work).

  B. Reasonable Number of Hours

  The second part of the lodestar equation is the reasonableness of the number of hours billed in light of the complexity and length of the litigation. See Lunday v. City of Albany, 42 F.3d 131, 134 (2d Cir. 1994). The party moving for attorneys' fees "must adequately describe [billed work] entries so that the court is informed of the nature or subject of the work." Tran v. Tran, 166 F. Supp. 2d 793, 800 (S.D.N.Y. 2001). Wells Fargo has provided the Court with over 80 pages of invoices and anticipated billing documents, which describe with sufficient specificity the nature of the work performed, and illustrate to my satisfaction that the hours billed were in fact reasonable.

  C. Other disbursements

  Finally, Wells Fargo has requested $937.31 in other fees, representing telephone calls, facsimile charges, and mail and freight charges. Since the expenses counsel for Wells Fargo seeks would normally be charged to fee-paying clients, and do not appear disproportionate or excessive, the amount requested is both recoverable and reasonable. See U.S. Football League v. Nat'l Football League, 887 F.2d 408, 416 ("Attorney's fees awards include those reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by attorneys and ordinarily charged to their clients.").

  D. Calculations

  Wells Fargo arrived at its lodestar amount of $107,955 in attorneys' fees by multiplying the net total hours for each month (totaling 490.80 for the 31 months of the litigation) by the rates of each attorney who worked on the case that month. Reductions were made both in the number of hours billed and the disbursements, presumably to include only allowable expenses.


  For the foregoing reasons, Wells Fargo's application for attorneys' fees is granted. The defendants are ordered to pay Wells Fargo $107,955 in attorneys' fees and $937.31 in disbursements, for a total of $108,892.31.


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