Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

HAMMER v. SUPREME COURT OF UNITED STATES

United States District Court, S.D. New York


August 11, 2005.

JEFFREY HAMMER, Plaintiff
v.
THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, Defendant.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: RICHARD HOLWELL, District Judge

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Pro se plaintiff Jeffrey Hammer initiated this action on April 25, 2005 seeking a writ of mandamus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ยง 1361 to compel the Supreme Court of the United States to grant his petition for a writ of certiorari, which was previously denied without comment.*fn1 On July 10, 2005, the plaintiff filed a motion for a preliminary injunction seeking "to compel the United States Supreme Court to grant certiorari and to hear this matter at the earliest possible time."

At the outset, the Court has an "independent obligation" to address the propriety of exercising subject matter jurisdiction over an action, FW/PBS, Inc. v. City of Dallas, 493 U.S. 215, 231 (U.S. 1990), particularly where issues of sovereign immunity arise. Dotson v. Griesa, 398 F.3d 156, 177 (2d Cir. 2005) (remarking that "[b]ecause a finding of sovereign immunity would deprive this court of subject matter jurisdiction, we address that question first.") (citing cases). The Federal Government, of which the Supreme Court is a branch, is entitled to sovereign immunity. Loeffler v. Frank, 486 U.S. 549, 554 (U.S. 1988) (citing United States v. Sherwood, 312 U.S. 584, 586 (U.S. 1941)); Up State Federal Credit Union v. Walker, 198 F.3d 372, 374 (2d. Cir. 1999) ("It is well established that in any suit in which the United States is a defendant, a waiver of sovereign immunity with respect to the claim asserted is a prerequisite to subject matter jurisdiction"). As the Court does not discern any waiver embodied in the Constitution or the laws of Congress, the Supreme Court remains immune from suit. Cook v. Supreme Court of the United States, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7192, at *1 (E.D. Pa. May 13, 1994) (internal citations omitted) (dismissing pro se plaintiff's action against the Supreme Court based on sovereign immunity); see also Muzzi v. United States Supreme Court, et al., No. 02 Civ. 2017, 2002 WL 31324140, at *2 (E.D. La. Oct. 16, 2002) (same). Accordingly, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over Hammer's claims seeking to compel the Supreme Court to grant his petition for a writ of certiorari.

  The Court further notes that dismissal of plaintiff's claims would be appropriate on other grounds. First, with respect to plaintiff's request for a writ of mandamus, such relief is inappropriate since "no other court may compel action of the Supreme Court." Tillman v. United States Supreme Court, 979 F.2d 248 (D.C. Cir. 1992) (unpublished opinion) (citing cases). Second, with respect to plaintiff's request that the Supreme Court "expand" the parameters of federal cybersquatting law, the Court finds no legal theory under which plaintiff would be entitled to such relief. See Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Department, 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1990) (noting that "[d]ismissal can be based on the lack of a cognizable legal theory or the absence of sufficient facts alleged under a cognizable legal theory" under Rule 12(b)(6)); Rice v. U.S. Supreme Court, 2003 WL 22999539, No. 03 Civ. 55821 (CRB), at *2 (N.D. Cal. 2003) (dismissing pro se plaintiff's claims against the Supreme Court with prejudice because they were so "unsubstantial as to be devoid of merit").

  With respect to Hammer's claim for damages against Amazon.com, the Court observes that Hammer has already been advised, "Courts may not issue an order against a nonparty." See Hammer v. Trendl, No. 02 Civ. 2462 (ADS), 2003 WL 21466686, at *4 (E.D.N.Y. Jan. 18, 2003) (citing United States v. Paccione, 964 F.2d 1269, 1275 (2d Cir. 1992)).

  The complaint is dismissed in its entirety with prejudice. Hammer's motion for a preliminary injunction is denied as moot. The Clerk of the Court shall close this case.

  SO ORDERED.


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.